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Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from

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Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 13:11
6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:38) correct 30% (01:44) wrong based on 648 sessions

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Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from recycled glass than from raw materials. Once the recycled glass or raw materials have been turned into molten glass, making bottles from recycled glass follows the same process as making bottles from raw materials. Obviously, soft drink bottlers who make a large percentage of their bottles from recycled glass have significant
energy savings. Therefore, by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials, bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?
(A) The process of making bottles from plastic that has been recycled is not significantly more energy efficient than is the process of making bottles from glass that has been recycled.
(B) The amount of glass that is currently recycled each year is enough to supply the major soft drink bottlers with materials for a large
percentage of the glass bottles they make that year.
(C) Most consumers are not able to distinguish bottles made from recycled glass from glass bottles made from raw materials.
(D) Purchasing and transport costs are not so much greater for recycled glass than for raw materials that they outweigh the savings in energy costs resulting from the use of recycled glass.
(E) The process of making molten glass from recycled glass requires fewer steps than does the process of making molten glass from raw materials.

I feel Main fight is between B and D.
conclusion says that by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials, bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time. But inorder to use recycled glass instead of glass from raw material they should have enough amout of material as in B.

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Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 19:07
Mechmeera wrote:
Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from recycled glass than from raw materials. Once the recycled glass or raw materials have been turned into molten glass, making bottles from recycled glass follows the same process as making bottles from raw materials. Obviously, soft drink bottlers who make a large percentage of their bottles from recycled glass have significant
energy savings. Therefore, by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials, bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?
(A) The process of making bottles from plastic that has been recycled is not significantly more energy efficient than is the process of making bottles from glass that has been recycled.
(B) The amount of glass that is currently recycled each year is enough to supply the major soft drink bottlers with materials for a large
percentage of the glass bottles they make that year.
(C) Most consumers are not able to distinguish bottles made from recycled glass from glass bottles made from raw materials.
(D) Purchasing and transport costs are not so much greater for recycled glass than for raw materials that they outweigh the savings in energy costs resulting from the use of recycled glass.
(E) The process of making molten glass from recycled glass requires fewer steps than does the process of making molten glass from raw materials.

I feel Main fight is between B and D.
conclusion says that by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials, bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time. But inorder to use recycled glass instead of glass from raw material they should have enough amout of material as in B.


I am still inclined towards B, because if there is no enough glass available then the argument about profit would be futile. but the last statement i.e the conclusion is about cost and environment saving, and hence I am now really confused between B and D :?

Can anybody tell what is the exact point which makes D better than B
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Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2015, 21:27
3
dav90 wrote:
I am still inclined towards B, because if there is no enough glass available then the argument about profit would be futile. but the last statement i.e the conclusion is about cost and environment saving, and hence I am now really confused between B and D :?

Can anybody tell what is the exact point which makes D better than B


Bottle making process:

Step 0) (The enlightenment: coming up later :) )
a. Get raw material
OR
b. Get recycled glass

Step 1) Make molten Glass
a. Raw material ---> Molten Glass (Requires more energy)
OR
b. Recycled glass ----> Molten glass (Requires less energy)

Step 2) Make bottles
Molten Glass (from step 1) ---> Bottles

Environmentalist's conclusion:
By using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials (use step 1 -b, instead of step 1 -a), bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time.

Clearly, the Environmentalist is only considering the process of making bottles after the bottlers have either Raw material or recycled glass ready with them (failing to address Step 0). Sure, once you have the recycled glass ready, the process will be cost effective but what about the cost of getting the recycled glass? (consider Step 0 now)
For the cost of making bottles from recycled glass to be lower than that of making bottles from raw material, the cost associated with obtaining recycled glass should be less than that of getting raw material - Assumption
This is choice D

B is actually out of scope:
Environmentalist is only saying that If the bottlers use recycled glass instead of raw material, they can lower their costs. period!
Availability of recycled glass is none of his business. Even if there is no recycled glass available, what he concluded may still hold.

Just like-
By giving more mocks, you can score better on the GMAT.
now, i dont care if the number of mocks that are currently created each year is enough for you. Even if it isnt, what i told still holds true.
:lol:

Hope that helps :)
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Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2015, 01:04
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1
Mechmeera

Focus on conclusion.

Conclusion:
by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials, bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time

Particularly note first few words: "by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials"

This implies that we are talking about the case when we have the choice between recycled and raw material. So B cannot be assumption. Logically also its obvious that recycled material would fall short of the total requirement by the industry but question is when you have the choice would you use it?
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Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2015, 05:20
Mechmeera wrote:
Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from recycled glass than from raw materials. Once the recycled glass or raw materials have been turned into molten glass, making bottles from recycled glass follows the same process as making bottles from raw materials. Obviously, soft drink bottlers who make a large percentage of their bottles from recycled glass have significant
energy savings. Therefore, by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials, bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?
(A) The process of making bottles from plastic that has been recycled is not significantly more energy efficient than is the process of making bottles from glass that has been recycled.
(B) The amount of glass that is currently recycled each year is enough to supply the major soft drink bottlers with materials for a large
percentage of the glass bottles they make that year.
(C) Most consumers are not able to distinguish bottles made from recycled glass from glass bottles made from raw materials.
(D) Purchasing and transport costs are not so much greater for recycled glass than for raw materials that they outweigh the savings in energy costs resulting from the use of recycled glass.
(E) The process of making molten glass from recycled glass requires fewer steps than does the process of making molten glass from raw materials.

I feel Main fight is between B and D.
conclusion says that by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials, bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time. But inorder to use recycled glass instead of glass from raw material they should have enough amout of material as in B.


Option D.
If the purchasing cost for the recycled glass is higher than the raw materials, then the manufacturer will go for the raw materials instead and this goes against the conclusion drawn by the environmentalist.

Option B does not in any case goes against the conclusion even if the recycled material is short of requirement. Neither does this option say anything about the costs incurred by the manufacturer nor does it state any benefit for the environment.

Other options are irrelevant.

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Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2016, 18:55
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from recycled glass than from raw materials. Once the recycled glass or raw materials have been turned into molten glass, making bottles from recycled glass follows the same process as making bottles from raw materials. Obviously, soft drink bottlers who make a large percentage of their bottles from recycled glass have significant
energy savings. Therefore, by using recycled glass instead of glass made from raw materials, bottlers can lower their costs and benefit the environment at the same time.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?
(A) The process of making bottles from plastic that has been recycled is not significantly more energy efficient than is the process of making bottles from glass that has been recycled.
(B) The amount of glass that is currently recycled each year is enough to supply the major soft drink bottlers with materials for a large
percentage of the glass bottles they make that year.
(C) Most consumers are not able to distinguish bottles made from recycled glass from glass bottles made from raw materials.
(D) Purchasing and transport costs are not so much greater for recycled glass than for raw materials that they outweigh the savings in energy costs resulting from the use of recycled glass.
(E) The process of making molten glass from recycled glass requires fewer steps than does the process of making molten glass from raw materials.


first of all..A, C, and E can easily be eliminated. it's clearly between B and D.
D is more strong. if we negate D - then the argument falls apart. on the other hand, if we negate B, we can still be cost efficient. the argument says "by using recycled glass, cost efficiency can be attained". therefore, it is not needed for B to be true for the argument to be true.

D for me.
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Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2017, 20:57
+1 for D

In B,we don't care whether the amount of glass currently recycled each year is enough to supply.As long as,the bottlers can make a large percentage of their bottles from recycled glass,they still benefit from the cost saving.On the other hand,if the additional costs,i.e. purchasing and transport costs,commensurate the saving cost,the bottler will not at all benefit from the cost-saving from the recycling process.
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Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2017, 14:26
The question clearly concludes that the cost can be saved by recycling the glass,but by making sure that the transportation and other charges are not very big so that the profits are still considerable. therfore D is the right answer.
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Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2018, 10:10
I fall into the trap of this question. One reason is the question is quite long, I cannot remember every detail.
I can tell B,C,E are all wrong.
A is wrong b/c the argument already states that the process is same.
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Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2018, 09:12
(D) Purchasing and transport costs are not so much greater for recycled glass than for raw materials that they outweigh the savings in energy costs resulting from the use of recycled glass

Option 1: Costs are high => would destroy the argument that there are cost savings. if it cost a billion dollars to transport, you wouldn't use recycled materials.
Option 2: Costs are low => would help the argument that there are cost savings
Re: Environmentalist: It takes less energy to make molten glass from &nbs [#permalink] 27 Jun 2018, 09:12
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