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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a

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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 23:36
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Project SC Butler: Day 141 Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

A) whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing

B) who was known to be a rival of the author, was revered to describe

C) whom was known to be a rival of the author, had been revered for his ability to describe

D) who was known for being a rival of the author, was revered for describing

E) whom was known to be a rival of the author, were revered for describing

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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 23:38
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Hi all, I have to post early tonight.
I will hide the answer under the spoiler, which I will remove tomorrow (my tomorrow).

Project SC Butler: Day 141 Sentence Correction (SC1)



Quote:
Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

A) whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing

B) who was known to be a rival of the author, was revered to describe

C) whom was known to be a rival of the author, had been revered for his ability to describe

D) who was known for being a rival of the author, was revered for describing

E) whom was known to be a rival of the author, were revered for describing


HIGHLIGHTS

• Meaning?
Ernest Hemingway and his writer friends were revered (admired by others) because they wrote about the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation. One of Hemingway's contemporaries was his rival (probably Faulkner or Fitzgerald).

• Structure?
This sentence is slightly deceptive because the compound subject Hemingway and his contemporaries is followed by "one of whom."
A dependent clause such as one of whom... that comes between a subject and verb does not affect the subject's singularity or plurality.
-- one of whom is a dependent clause (it cannot stand on its own as a sentence)
-- one of whom is not an essential modifier (one way to tell? the whole clause is set off by commas).
-- strip the sentence

Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was [?] revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

The sentence, stripped:
Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries [was?] revered for describing the Lost Generation.

• Split #1: Subject verb agreement

The compound subject Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries is not altered in number by the clause "one of whom."

The plural subject requires the plural verb were [revered].

Eliminate A, B, and D, all of which use the singular verb WAS.

• Split #2: pronoun / antecedent disagreement

Option C uses his ability. That pronoun should be THEIR in order to agree with the compound subject.
Eliminate C

By POE, Answer E is correct

OTHER ISSUES

• WHO/WHOM

Prepositions take objects.
In "one of," the word OF is a preposition. It needs an object. So we use the object pronoun, whom.

A mnemonic to remember WHO v WHOM.
If you see a preposition, use an easy preposition and a singular male person.
Give the present TO ____ HE/HIM?
Give the present TO hiM.
Him ends in M. So does whoM. Use whoM.

Object pronouns: me, you, her, him, it, us, them, whom
Subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who

Options B and D incorrectly use one of WHO

• TO DESCRIBE / FOR DESCRIBING
This issue is idiomatic.

A person is appreciated (revered) by others FOR describing something well.
A person is not revered by others TO describe something well.
A person might herself be excited TO describe something well . . but she would not herself be revered by others TO describe something. (That sentence is so incoherent that I can barely write it. :dazed )

Options B and C are incorrect.

• had been in option C?
HAD + past participle = past perfect, aka the past of the past
To use past perfect (to express the past of the PAST), we first need a past.
We must have at least one event rendered in simole past tense or a time marker that does the same thing as a past tense verb -- namely, that marks of a discrete (non-continuous) point in time in the past.

Option C has neither a simple past tense verb not a time marker. No reason exists to use past perfect.

COMMENTS

Arvind42 , Annet1524 , Xylan (pistachios, and the quote is indeed beautiful :) ) , J2S2019 , exc4libur , and amitanshumaity , I thought I'd name you all so that you would peek under the spoiler and see: I appreciate your consistent and consistently good replies.

I know. This one was fairly simple. Basics are important.
Happy kudos!
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Re: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2019, 23:53
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 141 Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

A) whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing

B) who was known to be a rival of the author, was revered to describe

C) whom was known to be a rival of the author, had been revered for his ability to describe

D) who was known for being a rival of the author, was revered for describing

E) whom was known to be a rival of the author, were revered for describing


Subject - Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, so plural verb required.
Who Vs Whom in the modifier " one of whom was known to be a rival of the author" - In the modifier author takes the role of the subject (Passive construction) so whom needs to be used to refer to the object.

A) whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing - Requires "were" revered

B) who was known to be a rival of the author, was revered to describe - requires "Whom" and "were" + "To describe" changes the meaning

C) whom was known to be a rival of the author, had been revered for his ability to describe - Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries were revered for their description and not the ability to + No past for using past perfect

D) who was known for being a rival of the author, was revered for describing - requires "Whom" and "were"

E) whom was known to be a rival of the author, were revered for describing - Correct
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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 02:40
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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.
1st split - to describe/for describing - according to meaning of the sentense B, C, - out
2nd split - was revered/ were revered - should be plural because we have subject: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries - A,B,D -out
3d split - who/whom - should be whom one of whom
So, the answer is E
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Re: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 04:07
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 141 Sentence Correction (SC1)


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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.


Sentence Structure
Subject - Verb:
    Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries
        , one of whom( Ernest Hemingway's contemporaries ) was known to be a rival of the author,
      were revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

Issues:
    The subject Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries is plural. Thus, the verb MUST be plural.
    A, B and D SV Disagreement

Answer choice analysis:
    A) whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing
      SV Disagreement

    B) who was known to be a rival of the author, was revered to describe
      SV Disagreement

    C) whom was known to be a rival of the author, had been revered for his ability to describe
      The Past-perfect tense does NOT make sense with the CORRECT intent of the sentence.
      The Timelines does NOT mandate the past-perfect usage. Unsolicited time-shift.

      His is incorrectly mapped to ONLY Ernest Hemingway.
      The usage MUST be their to map to Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries

    D) who was known for being a rival of the author, was revered for describing
      SV Disagreement

    E) whom was known to be a rival of the author, were revered for describing
      Nice and easy. E is the winner.

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Re: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 04:38
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IMO correct answer is E

Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

A) whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing - "Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries" - Plural subject requires plural verb - use of "was" is incorrect.

B) who was known to be a rival of the author, was revered to describe - SVA error;same as A; also use of whom is correct as Objective pronoun is required to show the correct intent of the sentence, receiving the action.

C) whom was known to be a rival of the author, had been revered for his ability to describe - Use of Past perfect tense is not required as not two past events are shown time-shifted here.

D) who was known for being a rival of the author, was revered for describing - SVA error;same as A; also use of whom is correct as Objective pronoun is required to show the correct intent of the sentence, receiving the action.


E) whom was known to be a rival of the author, were revered for describing - Correct
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Re: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 05:56
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generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 141 Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

A) whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing
B) who was known to be a rival of the author, was revered to describe
C) whom was known to be a rival of the author, had been revered for his ability to describe
D) who was known for being a rival of the author, was revered for describing
E) whom was known to be a rival of the author, were revered for describing


Meaning: "Earnest and his friends [plural], one of whom [object]… , were [plural] revered for describing…"
Idiom: Known TO BE or Known AS (for a nickname or a rename)

A) "was" should be "were" [plural], out;
B) "who" we need "whom" as we are referring to an object, also "was" should be "were", and "to describe" imps they were revered with the intent to describe, nonsense out;
C) "had been" imps they had been revered in the past before another event in the past, and are not revered anymore, nonsense; also, "revered for his ability" distorts the original meaning, out;
D) "who… known for…, was" we need an object pronoun "whom", plural "were", and "known for" is unidiomatic, out;

Answer (E).
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Re: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 18:11
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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

Structure: X and Y, (Relative Pronoun Modifier) Verb object, verb( S-v agreement error) object.

So, the fatal error here is the S-V agreement. Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries do not agree in number with 'was revered '.
The modifier is used correctly and the rest of the sentence looks fine.
The choice which corrects this error is E

IMHO E
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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 21:20
I have posted the official explanation early, HERE, under a spoiler. People may still post for kudos until Tuesday 23rd of July 2019 11:36:52 PM Pacific Time Zone . I will remove the spoiler tomorrow. Or a mod could do so after the time noted in this post. :grin:
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Re: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 22:34
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generis wrote:
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Hi all, I have to post early tonight.
I will hide the answer under the spoiler, which I will remove tomorrow (my tomorrow).
I will also award kudos tomorrow to those who post with explanations before 11:36:30 PM Pacific Time Zone.

Project SC Butler: Day 141 Sentence Correction (SC1)



Quote:
Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

A) whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing

B) who was known to be a rival of the author, was revered to describe

C) whom was known to be a rival of the author, had been revered for his ability to describe

D) who was known for being a rival of the author, was revered for describing

E) whom was known to be a rival of the author, were revered for describing



HIGHLIGHTS

• Meaning?
Ernest Hemingway and his writer friends were revered because they wrote about the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation. One of Hemingway's contemporaries was his rival (probably Faulkner or Fitzgerald).

• Structure?
This sentence is slightly deceptive because the compound subject Hemingway and his contemporaries is followed by "one of whom."
-- one of whom is not an essential modifier (one way to tell? the whole clause is set off by commas).
-- strip the sentence

Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a rival of the author, was [?] revered for describing the sense of aimlessness felt by members of the Lost Generation.

The sentence, stripped:
Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries [was?] revered for describing the Lost Generation.

• Split #1: Subject verb agreement

The compound subject Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries is not altered in number by the clause "one of whom."

Plural subject requires plural verb were revered.

Eliminate A, B, and D, all of which use singular WAS.

• Split #2: pronoun / antecedent disagreement

Option C uses his ability. That pronoun should be THEIR in order to agree with the compound subject.
Eliminate C

By POE, Answer E is correct

OTHER ISSUES

• WHO/WHOM

Prepositions take objects.
In "one of," the word OF is a preposition. It needs an object. So we use the object pronoun, whom.

A mnemonic to remember WHO v WHOM.
If you see a preposition, use an easy preposition and a singular male person.
Give the present TO ____ HE/HIM?
Give the present TO hiM.
Him ends in M. So does whoM. Use whoM.

Object pronouns: me, you, her, him, it, us, them, whom
Subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who

Options B and D incorrectly use one of WHO

• TO DESCRIBE / FOR DESCRIBING
This issue is idiomatic.

A person is appreciated (revered) FOR describing something well.
A person is not revered TO describe something well.
A person might be excited TO describe something well . . but not revered to describe something.
Options B and C are incorrect.

• had been in option C?
HAD + past participle = past perfect, aka the past of the past
To use past perfect (to express the past of the PAST), we first need a past.
We must have at least one event rendered in past tense, or a time marker that does the same thing.

Option C has neither. No reason exists to use past perfect.

COMMENTS

Arvind42 , Annet1524 , Xylan (pistachios, and the quote is indeed beautiful :) ) , J2S2019 , exc4libur , and amitanshumaity , I thought I'd name you all so that you will peek under the spoiler and see: I appreciate your consistent and consistently good replies.

I know. This one was fairly simple. Basics are important.
Happy kudos!


generis

Thanks a ton for such wonderful wish. Keep posting :)
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Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Aug 2019, 05:15
HI generis , GMATNinja , GMATRockstar

IN this question "one of whom was known to be a rival of the author" is non-essential Modifier.

Can you pls explain how to differentiate b/w non-essential Modifier & Modifier?

As per my understanding Which is usually a non-essential Modifier & That is essential Modifier.

But in a complex sentence, which is fully underlined how to differentiate b/w non-essential Modifier & Modifier?
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Originally posted by NandishSS on 16 Aug 2019, 07:22.
Last edited by NandishSS on 20 Aug 2019, 05:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2019, 17:42
Whom should be used to refer to the object of a verb or preposition.
Who should be used to refer to the subject of a sentence.

When in doubt, try this simple trick:

If you can replace the word with “he”' or “'she,” use who.
If you can replace it with “him” or “her,” use whom.
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Re: Ernest Hemingway and his contemporaries, one of whom was known to be a   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2019, 17:42
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