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Ethicist: The most advanced kind of moral motivation is based solely

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Ethicist: The most advanced kind of moral motivation is based solely  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2018, 02:01
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Ethicist: The most advanced kind of moral motivation is based solely on abstract principles. This form of motivation is in contrast with calculated self interest or the desire to adhere to societal norms and conventions. The actions of which one of the following individuals exhibit the most advanced kind of moral motivation, as described by the ethicist?


(A) Bobby contributed money to a local charity during a charity drive at work because he worried that not doing so would make him look stingy.

(B) Wes contributed money to a local charity during a charity drive at work because he believed that doing so would improve his employer’s opinion of him.

(C) Donna’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Donna did not report this practice to the authorities, out of fear that her employers would retaliate against her.

(D) Jadine’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Jadine reported this practice to the authorities out of a belief that protecting the environment is always more important than monetary profit.

(E) Leigh’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Leigh reported this practice to the authorities only because several colleagues had been pressuring her to do so.


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Re: Ethicist: The most advanced kind of moral motivation is based solely  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2018, 02:31
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Ethicist: The most advanced kind of moral motivation is based solely on abstract principles. This form of motivation is in contrast with calculated self interest or the desire to adhere to societal norms and conventions. The actions of which one of the following individuals exhibit the most advanced kind of moral motivation, as described by the ethicist

(A) Bobby contributed money to a local charity during a charity drive at work because he worried that not doing so would make him look stingy.Bobby had calculated self-interest while contributing towards charity.

(B) Wes contributed money to a local charity during a charity drive at work because he believed that doing so would improve his employer’s opinion of him.Again the self-interest of wes.

(C) Donna’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Donna did not report this practice to the authorities, out of fear that her employers would retaliate against her.Calculated self-interest of Donna that employers may retaliate.

(D) Jadine’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Jadine reported this practice to the authorities out of a belief that protecting the environment is always more important than monetary profit.This is right answer as no self interest involved also her belief is completely abstract.

(E) Leigh’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Leigh reported this practice to the authorities only because several colleagues had been pressuring her to do so.Adhered to the societal norms and the action can't be deemed abstract.

So correct answer D.
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Ethicist: The most advanced kind of moral motivation is based solely  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2018, 07:13
+1 Great Question!
The correct answer choice must draw parallels with the following conclusion:
...This form of motivation is in contrast with calculated self interest or the desire to adhere to societal norms and conventions...
urvashis09 wrote:
Ethicist: The most advanced kind of moral motivation is based solely on abstract principles. This form of motivation is in contrast with calculated self interest or the desire to adhere to societal norms and conventions. The actions of which one of the following individuals exhibit the most advanced kind of moral motivation, as described by the ethicist?

(A) Bobby contributed money to a local charity during a charity drive at work because he worried that not doing so would make him look stingy.
Fulfills neither of the criteria. Bobby shows no desire of adhering to societal norms and conventions.

(B) Wes contributed money to a local charity during a charity drive at work because he believed that doing so would improve his employer’s opinion of him.
Neither Wes's motivation is contrasting with a calculated self-interest nor is he seeming to adhere to any societal norms and conventions.

(C) Donna’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Donna did not report this practice to the authorities, out of fear that her employers would retaliate against her.
Shows no sign of motivation contrasting with a calculated self-interest, no play of societal norms or conventions.

(D) Jadine’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Jadine reported this practice to the authorities out of a belief that protecting the environment is always more important than monetary profit.
Jadine's motivation is contrasting with a calculated self-interest. Moreover, it mentions "belief that protecting the environment is always more important than monetary profit" - clearly shows adherence to a kind of societal norm or convention.

(E) Leigh’s employers engaged in an illegal but profitable practice that caused serious damage to the environment. Leigh reported this practice to the authorities only because several colleagues had been pressuring her to do so.
Leigh's motivation is implied to be coming from colleagues who had been pressuring her to act so, no mention of any self-interest or even any kind of societal norms.

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Ethicist: The most advanced kind of moral motivation is based solely &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 07:13
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