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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'

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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Sep 2019, 05:31
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B
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D
E

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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

(A) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep

(B) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

(C) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

(D) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping

(E) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

In this problem, I chose D, but the OA is A. What is wrong with D and what makes option A the ideal answer? What is this question really testing?
I would really appreciate your input to this problem.
thanks

Originally posted by tarek99 on 31 Mar 2008, 16:03.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Sep 2019, 05:31, edited 4 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2013, 03:45
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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

promise in / of keeping are just not idiomatic=> "promise to its customers to keep" is the correct version. This leaves us with A and B.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep
b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices (how?) by + ing verb. A is correct.
If you want to say "how" a thing happened, in this case "how they did those practices" the construct in A is correct.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2008, 19:19
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"To Keep" is correct usage rather than "of keeping" or "in keeping". Moreover A is concise and in active voice.

Choice D is in passive voice (another drawback).
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2008, 20:38
1
tarek99 wrote:
Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping





In this problem, I chose D, but the OA is A. What is wrong with D and what makes option A the ideal answer? What is this question really testing?
I would really appreciate your input to this problem.
thanks


'Promise to' is correct compared to promise in, of
and A is concise compared to B

So A
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2008, 20:45
2
tarek99 wrote:
Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep
b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep
c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping
d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping
e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping


A has no error as it is the most concise and succinct. "failure to" is also a correct idiom.


.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2008, 21:18
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In addition to above statements pertaining to the correct usage of infinitive "to keep" vs "keeping" (gerund), introduction of "because" changes the meaning. Try to read back the option D, it would mean "Because the bank failed to keep its promise, it is engaging in deceptive business practices". Using the expression "by failing to honour..." the phrase "deceptive business" is properly qualified.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2010, 11:58
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dushver wrote:
In addition to above statements pertaining to the correct usage of infinitive "to keep" vs "keeping" (gerund), introduction of "because" changes the meaning. Try to read back the option D, it would mean "Because the bank failed to keep its promise, it is engaging in deceptive business practices". Using the expression "by failing to honour..." the phrase "deceptive business" is properly qualified.


I dont see your point. It would actually be: "Because the bank failed..., the state's attorney general...", which is correct meaning.
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2011, 02:22
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To explain the process of elimination as requested in the title:

1. By failing to honor is the right idiom – So B, D, and E are out.
2. Between A and C , again the idiom ‘promise of keeping’ in C is wrong ; ‘promise to keep’ in A is right
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:10
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tarek99 wrote:
Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping



two idioms tested in this:

FAILIURE TO X....and PROMISE TO Y....

moreover you may notice that because of too many pronoun (ITS) and prepositional phrases..all other options are unnecessarily wordy.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2015, 19:18
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tarek99 wrote:
Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping





In this problem, I chose D, but the OA is A. What is wrong with D and what makes option A the ideal answer? What is this question really testing?
I would really appreciate your input to this problem.
thanks


For people who are confused about the correct answer, look up a concept called the infinitive of purpose. According to that concept, only 'to keep' is correct, so we are down to A and B. B incorrectly uses its failure of honoring.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 00:44
Hi Experts,

'the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.'

In the sentence above, I feel that usage of 'by' had two separate meanings:
1. The state's attorney general accused by failing to honor its promise...
2. The bank engaged in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise...

Can you please explain if this is not the case. I have my exam scheduled for day after tomorrow, so a quick response would be very much appreciated.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 13:04
anirudhsuhag.25, both of those interpretations are possible in theory, but only the second one makes sense. "Its" cannot refer to the attorney general; we'd need "his" or "her." Even if it could, how can we accuse someone by failing to honor a promise? #2 works because if the bank breaks its promise to customers, it was being deceptive.
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 21:42
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Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers' personal and financial information with an outside marketing company in return for a commission on sales, the state's attorney general accused the bank of engaging in deceptive business practices by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep records private.

a) by failing to honor its promise to its customers to keep - Correct

b) by its failure of honoring its promise to its customers to keep - failure of honoring is unidiomatic

c) in its failing to honor its promise to its customers of keeping - incorrect idiom: 'promise of keeping' is wrong

d) because of its failure in honoring its promise to its customers in keeping - change in meaning as explained in E

e) because of its failure to honor its promise to its customers of keeping - incorrect idiom: 'promise of keeping' is wrong ; change in meaning: the correct meaning is what appears in the original sentence, namely, that the failure to honor promises WAS the deceptive business practice. choice e, with its use of 'because', implies that the failure to keep promises LED TO (other) deceptive business practices. remember that you have to interpret words like 'because' very, very literally.

Answer A
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2017, 09:05
Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please assist with the POE of this one ?

Thanks :)
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2017, 13:10
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Poorvasha wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry,

Can you please assist with the POE of this one ?

Thanks :)


Hi Poorvasha!

Carolyn from Magoosh here - I'll step in for Mike :-)

Let's go through the answer choices here:

(A): No obvious problem

(B): "By its failure" is an incorrect construction here - when we use "by" to refer to an action like this, we need the following word to be a verb, like "by failing". Also, "its failure of honoring" is also incorrect - when we talk about a failure to do something, we need to say "failure TO ...". So here, we would want to say "its failure TO honor". So eliminate B.

(C): "In its failing" is, first of all, a bit awkward and excessively wordy. Then, "its promise of keeping" is incorrect - when we talk about a promise to do something, we want to say "promise TO ...". So here, we need to say "promise to keep", not "promise of keeping". Eliminate C.

(D): Here we have two errors that have already come up: "failure IN honoring" (should be failure TO honor"), and "promise IN keeping" (should be promise TO keep"). Eliminate D.

(E): Again, the issue here is in "failure OF keeping". This should be "failure TO keep". Eliminate E.

So our answer is (A) :-) Does that help?

-Carolyn
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2019, 10:20
Imo A because of various parallelism markers with “to”. I nearly picked E but “of keeping” at the end of the sentence felt awkward.

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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2019, 23:08
"because of its failure in honoring" = because NOUN verb-ing (always wrong)
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Re: Even though it was not illegal for the bank to share its customers'   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2019, 23:08
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