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# Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter

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Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2018, 17:02
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65% (hard)

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50% (01:30) correct 50% (01:39) wrong based on 371 sessions

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Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State", over three-quarters of its land is not being used for agricultural purposes, and leaves only a small portion of land available for cultivation.

A. Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State", over three-quarters of its land is not being used for agricultural purposes, and leaves only

B. Although New Jersey is called the "Garden State", over three-quarters of its area is used for non-agricultural purposes, which leaves only

C. Although it is called the "Garden State", over three-quarters of New Jersey is used for purposes other than agriculture, leaving only

D. New Jersey, thought it is called the "Garden State", with over three-quarters of its land not used for agriculture, leaves

E. Over three-quarters of their land in New Jersey, called the "Garden State", is used for purposes other than agriculture, only leaving

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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2018, 19:59
I would go with A on this one
C,D and E are awkward constructions

B/W a and B
B is wrong because which points to non-agricultural purposes and in that way New jersey is compared with Non-agricultural purposes so incorrect

A is correct
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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2018, 22:20
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Question Explanation

The underlined portion of the sentence contains the verb leaves, so look for a subject-verb agreement error. As written, the sentence pairs the verb leaves with over three-quarters of its land, indicating that the larger portion of land is taking the action of leaving the smaller portion of land available. Thus, the clause leaves only a small portion of land available for cultivation incorrectly modifies three-quarters of its land. Eliminate choice A and look for obvious repeaters. The remaining answer choices are complex and require evaluation of the full sentence, so there are no obvious repeaters. Now, evaluate the remaining choices individually looking for reasons to eliminate each answer.

Choice B corrects the error in the original sentence by replacing the coordinating conjunction and with the relative pronoun which. The referent of the pronoun which is the state of affairs described by the clause that precedes the pronoun, over three-quarters…is not being used for agricultural purposes. This state of affairs leaves only a small portion of land available for cultivation. Keep choice B. Choice C corrects the original error but creates a modifier error. The sentence now begins with the dependent clause although it is called the “Garden State,” which is immediately followed by the noun over three-quarters of New Jersey. Thus, choice C suggests that over three-quarters of New Jersey is called the “Garden State”. Eliminate choice C. Choice D corrects the original error but introduces a modifier error by separating the prepositional phrase with over three-quarters of its land from the noun it is intended to modify, New Jersey. This indicates that the lack of agricultural land is part of the name “Garden State”. Eliminate choice D. Choice E alters the structure of the sentence, eliminating the original error, but creates an error by introducing the pronoun their, the referent of which is ambiguous. Eliminate choice E.

Choice A: No. The phrase leaves only a small portion of land available for cultivation incorrectly modifies three-quarters of its land. Misplaced modifier.

Choice B: Correct.

Choice C: No. The dependent clause although it is called the “Garden State” incorrectly modifies the noun over three-quarters of New Jersey. Misplaced modifier.

Choice D: No. Over three-quarters of its land not used for agriculture is incorrectly referenced as part of the name “Garden State”. Misplaced modifier.

Choice E: No. The referent of the pronoun their is ambiguous. Pronoun ambiguity.

The correct answer is choice B.
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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2018, 03:12
aragonn wrote:
Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarters of its land is not being used for agricultural purposes, and leaves only a small portion of land available for cultivation.

A. Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarters of its land is not being used for agricultural purposes, and leaves only

B. Although New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarters of its area is used for non-agricultural purposes, which leaves only

C. Although it is called the "Garden State", over three-quarters of New Jersey is used for purposes other than agriculture, leaving only

D. New Jersey, thought it is called the "Garden State", with over three-quarters of its land not used for agriculture, leaves

E. Over three-quarters of their land in New Jersey, called the "Garden State", is used for purposes other than agriculture, only leaving

Hello daagh Can you please in explaining choice B.

Although should be followed by a clause.According to this usage, isn't option B wrong?
What am I missing here?

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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2018, 04:58
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gmat1393

Definitely in B although is followed by a clause. 'it' is the subject and 'is called' is the verb . The problem is that b is missing a comma after the word 'Garden State". Maybe a typo.
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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2018, 08:22
daagh wrote:
gmat1393

Definitely in B although is followed by a clause. 'it' is the subject and 'is called' is the verb . The problem is that b is missing a comma after the word 'Garden State". Maybe a typo.

Thank you daagh Sir.That makes sense.

aragonn can you please see if you missed a comma in choice B after the word 'Garden State' as daagh suggested.

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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2018, 09:02
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"Although clause 1, clause 2" is correct syntax.
How can "B" correct?
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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2018, 09:13
gmat1393 daagh sir , rectified comma error. thanks for pointing out.
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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2018, 23:02
Can someone explain,what is ''which'' referring to
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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2018, 23:33
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The company.which created this question, has done it wiuthout regard to the import of the relative pronoun' which.' After all, it is the usage of over three-quarters of its area is used for non-agricultural purposes that are being referred by the pronoun. A relative pronoun cannot relate to such as a long phrase or a theme. B is incorrect. Maybe together with errors in all other choices, this is a flawed question
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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2018, 21:06
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daagh wrote:
gmat1393

Definitely in B although is followed by a clause. 'it' is the subject and 'is called' is the verb . The problem is that b is missing a comma after the word 'Garden State". Maybe a typo.

But isn't "which" in option B refers to "non-agricultural purpose" that makes the entire reference flawed

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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2018, 21:40
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globaldesi,
Could you see my previous post dated Nov 8 as an answer to your query?
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Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter  [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2018, 04:47
daagh i agree with you ... B cannot be answer
In GMAT which cannot refer to a clause ! or action
three quarters are used for non agri purposes. and this practice leaves with less area .
"which " is a pronoun , it cannot refer to action /clause . In colloquial english it is okay but not in GMAT
Re: Even though New Jersey is called the "Garden State" over three-quarter   [#permalink] 10 Nov 2018, 04:47
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