GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Jul 2018, 16:47

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized withi

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 08 Jan 2018
Posts: 261
Location: United States (ID)
GPA: 3.33
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
GMAT ToolKit User
Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized withi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 30 Jan 2018, 20:59
1
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

55% (02:05) correct 45% (01:37) wrong based on 134

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

60% (00:39) correct 40% (00:41) wrong based on 135

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

17% (00:28) correct 83% (01:07) wrong based on 132

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

67% (00:24) correct 33% (00:28) wrong based on 122

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

46% (00:39) correct 54% (01:01) wrong based on 120

HideShow timer Statistics

Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized within relatively narrow ranges of temperatures in amphibians and reptiles, individuals may not maintain activity at the optimum temperatures for performance because of the costs associated with doing so. Alternatively, activity can occur at suboptimal temperatures even when the costs are great. Theoretically, costs of activity at suboptimal temperatures must be balanced by gains of being active. For instance, the leatherback sea turtle will hunt during the time of day in which krill are abundant, even though the water is cooler and thus the turtle’s body temperature requires greater metabolic activity. In general, however, the cost of keeping a suboptimal body temperature, for reptiles and amphibians, is varied and not well understood; they include risk of predation, reduced performance, and reduced foraging success.

One reptile that scientists understand better is the desert lizard, which is active during the morning at relatively low body temperatures (usually 33.0 C), inactive during midday when external temperatures are extreme, and active in the evening at body temperatures of 37.0 C. Although the lizards engage in similar behavior (e.g., in morning and afternoon, social displays, movements, and feeding), metabolic rates and water loss are great and sprint speed is lower in the evening when body temperatures are high. Thus, the highest metabolic and performance costs of activity occur in the evening when lizards have high body temperatures. However, males that are active late in the day apparently have a higher mating success resulting from their prolonged social encounters. The costs of activity at temperatures beyond those optimal for performance are offset by the advantages gained by maximizing social interactions that ultimately impact individual fitness.

1/ The passage mentions the leatherback turtle in order to illustrate that

A activity at suboptimal temperatures may confer specific benefits
B most amphibians are incapable of sustaining activity at suboptimal temperatures
C there is a relationship between a reptile’s body temperature and the activity it engages in
D the cost of an activity at a suboptimal temperature usually outweighs the advantages
E hunting patterns amongst reptiles differ markedly


2/ It can be inferred from the passage that the metabolic costs of an activity during the middle of the day are

A similar to the metabolic costs of activity during the evening
B the same as the cost of metabolic activity at night
C higher than metabolic costs of activity in the morning
D low and constant, regardless of behavior
E typically lower, depending on the activity


3/ The passage details the habits of the desert lizard in order to

A highlight a misconception about sub-optimal body temperatures
B dispute a common claim other scientists make regarding reptiles
C describe the way in which body temperature affects behavior
D show how the lizard's habits can be generalized to all reptiles
E contrast the lizard's behavior with that of the leatherback turtle


4/ The passages suggests that reptiles and amphibians are able to

A perform an activity at suboptimal temperatures
B avoid excessive costs when performing an activity
C limit the costs of an activity by resting frequently
D maintain a body temperature irrespective of the environment
E avoid predation by resting during the night


5/ According to the passage, one reason a reptile may not be able to maintain activity at a suboptimal temperature is

A an increased risk of being preyed upon
B a need for a greater intake of water
C a greater focus on social activities
D the intensity of the sun throughout the day
E the likelihood of wildly fluctuating temperatures


Originally posted by aaba on 30 Jan 2018, 12:52.
Last edited by broall on 30 Jan 2018, 20:59, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted questions
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Status: EAT SLEEP GMAT REPEAT!
Joined: 28 Sep 2016
Posts: 178
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized withi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Mar 2018, 04:23
Post OE for all questions.

aaba wrote:
Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized within relatively narrow ranges of temperatures in amphibians and reptiles, individuals may not maintain activity at the optimum temperatures for performance because of the costs associated with doing so. Alternatively, activity can occur at suboptimal temperatures even when the costs are great. Theoretically, costs of activity at suboptimal temperatures must be balanced by gains of being active. For instance, the leatherback sea turtle will hunt during the time of day in which krill are abundant, even though the water is cooler and thus the turtle’s body temperature requires greater metabolic activity. In general, however, the cost of keeping a suboptimal body temperature, for reptiles and amphibians, is varied and not well understood; they include risk of predation, reduced performance, and reduced foraging success.

One reptile that scientists understand better is the desert lizard, which is active during the morning at relatively low body temperatures (usually 33.0 C), inactive during midday when external temperatures are extreme, and active in the evening at body temperatures of 37.0 C. Although the lizards engage in similar behavior (e.g., in morning and afternoon, social displays, movements, and feeding), metabolic rates and water loss are great and sprint speed is lower in the evening when body temperatures are high. Thus, the highest metabolic and performance costs of activity occur in the evening when lizards have high body temperatures. However, males that are active late in the day apparently have a higher mating success resulting from their prolonged social encounters. The costs of activity at temperatures beyond those optimal for performance are offset by the advantages gained by maximizing social interactions that ultimately impact individual fitness.
1/ The passage mentions the leatherback turtle in order to illustrate that

A activity at suboptimal temperatures may confer specific benefits
B most amphibians are incapable of sustaining activity at suboptimal temperatures
C there is a relationship between a reptile’s body temperature and the activity it engages in
D the cost of an activity at a suboptimal temperature usually outweighs the advantages
E hunting patterns amongst reptiles differ markedly


2/ It can be inferred from the passage that the metabolic costs of an activity during the middle of the day are

A similar to the metabolic costs of activity during the evening
B the same as the cost of metabolic activity at night
C higher than metabolic costs of activity in the morning
D low and constant, regardless of behavior
E typically lower, depending on the activity


3/ The passage details the habits of the desert lizard in order to

A highlight a misconception about sub-optimal body temperatures
B dispute a common claim other scientists make regarding reptiles
C describe the way in which body temperature affects behavior
D show how the lizard's habits can be generalized to all reptiles
E contrast the lizard's behavior with that of the leatherback turtle


4/ The passages suggests that reptiles and amphibians are able to

A perform an activity at suboptimal temperatures
B avoid excessive costs when performing an activity
C limit the costs of an activity by resting frequently
D maintain a body temperature irrespective of the environment
E avoid predation by resting during the night


5/ According to the passage, one reason a reptile may not be able to maintain activity at a suboptimal temperature is

A an increased risk of being preyed upon
B a need for a greater intake of water
C a greater focus on social activities
D the intensity of the sun throughout the day
E the likelihood of wildly fluctuating temperatures


_________________

Regards,
Adi

VP
VP
User avatar
D
Status: It's near - I can see.
Joined: 13 Apr 2013
Posts: 1156
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Operations
GMAT 1: 480 Q38 V22
GPA: 3.01
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized withi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2018, 10:35
Adi93" Post OE for all questions.

Hope this link may help you. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=brCpgp4HPfE)

QZ
_________________

"Do not watch clock; Do what it does. KEEP GOING."

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 18 May 2015
Posts: 1
Re: Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized withi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2018, 20:27
Hi All,
Can someone please post the analysis for question 3. Thanks in advance.

Regards,
Sid
BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
P
Joined: 05 Jul 2017
Posts: 439
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V36
GPA: 4
Re: Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized withi  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2018, 00:17
I couldn't understand the answer for q3

The paragraph 2 is talking about a lizard for which the scientists understand its behavior in sub optimal temperatures. But how can we use this example to generalize about the entire reptile family?

mikemcgarry - I would request your thoughts on the same
_________________

My journey From 410 to 700 :-)
Here's my experience when I faced a glitch in my GMAT Exam
Don't do this mistake when you give your GMATPrep Mock!
NEW GMATPrep software analysis by Bunuel

Re: Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized withi &nbs [#permalink] 21 Jun 2018, 00:17
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Even though physiological and behavioral processes are maximized withi

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.