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# Feelings of hopelessness among medieval workers trapped in the poverty

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Re: Feelings of hopelessness among medieval workers trapped in the poverty [#permalink]
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Anshuman0902 wrote:
sajjad1994 OE fro q 2 and 5
thanx !

For question #2

"Working for merchant entrepreneurs on time rates, women had been paid hardly more than children; working as entrepreneurs themselves and producing good work by the piece, they could break into the rational system of differential rewards."

The lines clearly supports answer option A.

To answer question number 5 we have to read and completely understand the following lines in the passage:

"By 1300, women spinners could be found working on their own for wealthy sponsors, even after the introduction in Italy and France of prohibition against advancing money for supplies to women spinners. Historians have usually interpreted this prohibition simply as evidence of women’s economic subjection, since it obliged them to turn to usurers; however, it was also almost certainly a response to a trend toward differential reward for women’s higher skill. Yarn can be spun irregularly and lumpily, but perfectly smooth yarn is worth more."

These lines supports the answer option E.

Thank you
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Re: Feelings of hopelessness among medieval workers trapped in the poverty [#permalink]
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Q1.
A. No. The author nowhere proposes a theory in the passage.

B. Yes. The author presents a historical fact when he talks about the new policy introduced in Italy and France. He then provides a broader interpretation of this fact than the one that was presented by historians in the past.
"Historians have usually interpreted this prohibition simply as evidence of women’s economic subjection, since it obliged them to turn to usurers; however, it was also almost certainly a response to a trend toward differential reward for women’s higher skill."

C. No. The passage does not discusses about any widely held attitude.

D. This is irrelevant.

E. Irrelevant.

Q2.
A. Yes. The author mentions towards the end, "Yarn can be spun irregularly and lumpily, but perfectly smooth yarn is worth more. Working for merchant entrepreneurs on time rates, women had been paid hardly more than children."

B, C, D and E cannot be inferred from the passage.

Q3.
I solved this using the negation technique.
A. Although this is explicitly mentioned in the beginning of the passage, this is not what the passage implies about the women spinners in medieval Europe. Negate.

B. This has not been implied either. The author instead argues that the new policy introduced in Italy and France encouraged women spinners to work as entrepreneurs. Negate.

C. The author mentions in the last line, "Working for merchant entrepreneurs on time rates, women had been paid hardly more than children". This implies that some women were not working on time rates, so we can infer that they must have been paid according to the value of their work. Keep.

D. This cannot be inferred from the passage. Negate.

E. This is the historians' interpretation of the policy that was introduced in Italy and France. However, the passage does not imply this about the women spinners. Negate.

Q4.
A. No. Not supported by the passage.

D. Yes. The author writes in the 1st line itself, "Feelings of hopelessness among medieval workers trapped in the poverty cycle gradually lessened as it became possible for women’s labor to supplement a family’s money income by more than pennies".

E. No. Out of scope.

Q5.
A. No. This is irrelevant.

B. No. Not supported by the passage.

C. No. Not supported by the passage.

D. No. Not supported by the passage.

E. Yes. The author mentions, "Historians have usually interpreted this prohibition simply as evidence of women’s economic subjection, since it obliged them to turn to usurers; however, it was also almost certainly a response to a trend toward differential reward for women’s higher skill. "
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Re: Feelings of hopelessness among medieval workers trapped in the poverty [#permalink]
LipiSinha wrote:
Q1.
A. No. The author nowhere proposes a theory in the passage.

B. Yes. The author presents a historical fact when he talks about the new policy introduced in Italy and France. He then provides a broader interpretation of this fact than the one that was presented by historians in the past.
"Historians have usually interpreted this prohibition simply as evidence of women’s economic subjection, since it obliged them to turn to usurers; however, it was also almost certainly a response to a trend toward differential reward for women’s higher skill."

C. No. The passage does not discusses about any widely held attitude.

D. This is irrelevant.

E. Irrelevant.

Q2.
A. Yes. The author mentions towards the end, "Yarn can be spun irregularly and lumpily, but perfectly smooth yarn is worth more. Working for merchant entrepreneurs on time rates, women had been paid hardly more than children."

B, C, D and E cannot be inferred from the passage.

Q3.
I solved this using the negation technique.
A. Although this is explicitly mentioned in the beginning of the passage, this is not what the passage implies about the women spinners in medieval Europe. Negate.

B. This has not been implied either. The author instead argues that the new policy introduced in Italy and France encouraged women spinners to work as entrepreneurs. Negate.

C. The author mentions in the last line, "Working for merchant entrepreneurs on time rates, women had been paid hardly more than children". This implies that some women were not working on time rates, so we can infer that they must have been paid according to the value of their work. Keep.

D. This cannot be inferred from the passage. Negate.

E. This is the historians' interpretation of the policy that was introduced in Italy and France. However, the passage does not imply this about the women spinners. Negate.

Q4.
A. No. Not supported by the passage.

D. Yes. The author writes in the 1st line itself, "Feelings of hopelessness among medieval workers trapped in the poverty cycle gradually lessened as it became possible for women’s labor to supplement a family’s money income by more than pennies".

E. No. Out of scope.

Q5.
A. No. This is irrelevant.

B. No. Not supported by the passage.

C. No. Not supported by the passage.

D. No. Not supported by the passage.

E. Yes. The author mentions, "Historians have usually interpreted this prohibition simply as evidence of women’s economic subjection, since it obliged them to turn to usurers; however, it was also almost certainly a response to a trend toward differential reward for women’s higher skill. "

Fantastic passage . got only one wrong however due to misintreprtation
Re: Feelings of hopelessness among medieval workers trapped in the poverty [#permalink]
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