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Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat

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Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflation and shrinking profits margins, investors continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was nicely balanced, with little inflation.


(A) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was

(B) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(C) still continue pouring money into the stock market in the belief that the American economy as

(D) still continued to pour money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(E) continued to pour money into the stock market in the belief that the American economy was


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Originally posted by inakihernandez on 25 Apr 2016, 10:14.
Last edited by Bunuel on 25 Jan 2019, 01:06, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 15:12
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rs47 wrote:
What is the OE for this question? I got it wrong in the test, hence asking..


Probably the most efficient way to solve this problem is to remember the idiom "continue to".

Although "continue + verb-ing" has not been proven to be wrong, in GMAT it is generally not used. Following is an excerpt from Manhattan GMAT SC guide:

Correct: The danger will CONTINUE TO GROW.
Suspect: The danger will CONTINUE GROWING.

This is definitely not one of the most convincing explanations, but in the real test all that matters is whether you click on the right option as per judgement of GMAC.
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2016, 22:01
Hi daagh, I am confused with the usage of infinitive and gerund. I chose A in this question. Please help. Thanks!
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2016, 22:26
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nishith17 wrote:
Hi daagh, I am confused with the usage of infinitive and gerund. I chose A in this question. Please help. Thanks!


Hi,
Continued is the VERB and to pour is Infinitive..
infinitive can come after a verb..

also since the analysts are talking of an earlier time when they were surprised, continued is correct..
the problem is not between 'to pour' and 'pouring' as much it has to do with the VERB 'was'..

another Point about the Q-- you are not likely to see a 3-2 split in terms of AS vs WAS..

inakihernandez, could you please share the source.. and please mention SOURCE next time onwards, so that students know which Qs to spend time on..
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 06:32
What is the OE for this question? I got it wrong in the test, hence asking..
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New post 19 Jun 2016, 08:47
sayantanc2k wrote:
rs47 wrote:
What is the OE for this question? I got it wrong in the test, hence asking..


Probably the most efficient way to solve this problem is to remember the idiom "continue to".

Although "continue + verb-ing" has not been proven to be wrong, in GMAT it is generally not used. Following is an excerpt from Manhattan GMAT SC guide:

Correct: The danger will CONTINUE TO GROW.
Suspect: The danger will CONTINUE GROWING.

This is definitely not one of the most convincing explanations, but in the real test all that matters is whether you click on the right option as per judgement of GMAC.


Financial analyst said they were surprised that despite higher inflation and shrinking profits margins, investors continued to pour money into the stock market in the belief that the american economy was nicely balanced, with little inflation.

Is this idiomatic? Can you specify a couple of examples for this usage
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New post 19 Jun 2016, 13:01
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unuk50 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
rs47 wrote:
What is the OE for this question? I got it wrong in the test, hence asking..


Probably the most efficient way to solve this problem is to remember the idiom "continue to".

Although "continue + verb-ing" has not been proven to be wrong, in GMAT it is generally not used. Following is an excerpt from Manhattan GMAT SC guide:

Correct: The danger will CONTINUE TO GROW.
Suspect: The danger will CONTINUE GROWING.

This is definitely not one of the most convincing explanations, but in the real test all that matters is whether you click on the right option as per judgement of GMAC.


Financial analyst said they were surprised that despite higher inflation and shrinking profits margins, investors continued to pour money into the stock market in the belief that the american economy was nicely balanced, with little inflation.

Is this idiomatic? Can you specify a couple of examples for this usage


A relative clause "that American economy...." is used to refer to (modify) a noun "belief", a very common usage.

Moreover "in the belief" is also not very uncommon phrase. Search on the internet "in the belief that phrase" - you will have plenty of authentic examples.
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2016, 09:32
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inakihernandez wrote:
Financial analyst said they were surprised that despite higher inflation and shrinking profits margins, investors continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was nicely balanced, with little inflation.

(a) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was

(b) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(c) still continue pouring money into the stock market in the belief that the American economy as

(d) still continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(e) continued to pour money into the stock market in the belief that the american economy was



The sentence must continue in the past tense-> He said.....Continued. STILL and continue points redundancy.
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2016, 02:21
inakihernandez wrote:
Financial analyst said they were surprised that despite higher inflation and shrinking profits margins, investors continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was nicely balanced, with little inflation.

(a) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was

(b) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(c) still continue pouring money into the stock market in the belief that the American economy as

(d) still continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(e) continued to pour money into the stock market in the belief that the american economy was


Does the use of different tense- continue and continued in option A and E respectively also contribute to error analysis or usage of either is correct?
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2016, 07:58
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sudhirgupta93 wrote:
inakihernandez wrote:
Financial analyst said they were surprised that despite higher inflation and shrinking profits margins, investors continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was nicely balanced, with little inflation.

(a) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was

(b) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(c) still continue pouring money into the stock market in the belief that the American economy as

(d) still continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(e) continued to pour money into the stock market in the belief that the american economy was


Does the use of different tense- continue and continued in option A and E respectively also contribute to error analysis or usage of either is correct?


Yes, the difference in tense in one major "split" that can be used to eliminate answer(s).

Since this verb (continue) occurs within a statement that occured in past (said), simple present is applicable ONLY when the statement is an universal truth (e.g., sun rises in the east). However this statement is not a universal truth and therefore use of simple present is wrong.
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New post 06 Nov 2016, 18:39
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chetan2u & sayantanc2k would you please explain why E was chosen over D? Is there anything wrong with the D?
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New post 06 Nov 2016, 19:17
AnotherGmater wrote:
chetan2u & sayantanc2k would you please explain why E was chosen over D? Is there anything wrong with the D?


The main problem is with the usage of believing in something as.....
Believing something to be nicely... should be OK..

Secondly, there is no requirement of 'still' here...
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New post 06 Nov 2016, 19:30
So you are saying usage of as after believing is the problem? "believing in the American economy as"
And correct idiom or usage should be "believing in the American economy to be"
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New post 09 Nov 2016, 08:15
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AnotherGmater wrote:
So you are saying usage of as after believing is the problem? "believing in the American economy as"
And correct idiom or usage should be "believing in the American economy to be"


Believe X to be Y is correct, but believe in X to be Y does not make sense. "Believe in" means "to have faith in" - with "believe in", "to be ..." does not go.

Note that Chetan has not put "in" after "believing" in his example.

In short "believe in as" and "believe in to be" both are wrong.
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2016, 03:25
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inakihernandez wrote:
Financial analyst said they were surprised that despite higher inflation and shrinking profits margins, investors continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was nicely balanced, with little inflation.

(a) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was

(b) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(c) still continue pouring money into the stock market in the belief that the American economy as

(d) still continued pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(e) continued to pour money into the stock market in the belief that the american economy was


My take on the question as well... I was choosing between a & e but chose e in the end not for the 'in the belief' that reason but the tense between continue and continued. I saw that the non-underlined portion stated things in the past and the financial analysts are still the past, therefore to me 'continue' has verb tense error.

Is my reasoning for this question okay?
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New post 15 Dec 2016, 07:13
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"believing in the economy as balanced" and "belief in the economy as balanced" ate incorrect. Words such as "think", "claim" and "belief" must almost always be followed by a clause, that is, a noun and a verb.

E.g. I believe that X is true.
In a sentence such as "I believe in X as Y" it is not clear whether the subject (I) or X is equated to Y.

Note that in A, the subject of "believing" -- financial analysts or investors -- is unclear. Another reason to eliminate A.
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 11:14
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IMO, there are three decision points: 1. Verb Tense 2. Logic 3. Redundancy 4. Idiom

I) As the root sentence is written in simple past, the entire time frame of the sentence should be in simple past, unless certain structures require a change. However, as there are no indications for a time change, the verb in the underlined portion should be in simple past.
Ask yourself, why should it be in present tense? It is not a universal through but rather an event that occurred in the past at some point and was reported by financial analysts.

II) Logic/Meaning Modifier: We have to options ", believing ... " which modifies the investors and " in the belief " which modifies the verb " to pour money into the stock market "
Well, so what is more logical to modify? Investors who believe that the economy was nicely balanced or " continue to pour money into the stock market in the belief"?
Here it is important to think about the function of the modifier. The modifier in this case should not describe the investors but rather give the reason for the investors' action!

III) Redundancy: still + continue is redundant, as continue inherently implies ongoing action

IV) Its not idiomatic to say " to believe X as Y ", and correct idiom is " to continue to + infinitive "

A) Verb Tense; Modifier
B) Verb Tense, Modifier; Idiom
C) Verb Tense; Redundancy; Modifier; Idiom
D) Redundancy; Modifier; Idiom
E) correct
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New post 15 Nov 2017, 08:20
Can someone throw some light on despite also in this example
is it possible to eliminate options with just despite and not going deep in verb form

P.S i am super weak when it comes to verb forms
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New post 16 Nov 2017, 10:16
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'Despite' is not underlined and is relevant to all the five choices. Hence, we cannot take it as a split factor.
However, in D, the crux is the word 'still'. Still means even now - into the present. The use of the past tense 'continued' with even today is incongruous.
One mistake in the original transcription is that it says 'analyst' rather than analysts. I think it is a typo.
In D, the use of 'continue' rather than 'continued' also seems to be a typo.
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2018, 02:36
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inakihernandez wrote:
Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflation and shrinking profits margins, investors continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was nicely balanced, with little inflation.

(a) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing that the American economy was

(b) continue pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(c) still continue pouring money into the stock market in the belief that the American economy as

(d) still continued pouring money into the stock market, believing in the American economy as

(e) continued to pour money into the stock market in the belief that the American economy was


Mitch's answer on BTG->
A, B and C: analysts...were surprised that...investors continue
It is not possible that analysts were surprised -- IN THE PAST -- with regard to an action happening NOW (investors continue).
Eliminate A, B and C.

X still does Y means X continues to do Y.
Thus in D, still continued is redundant.
Eliminate D.
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Re: Financial analysts said they were surprised that despite higher inflat   [#permalink] 28 Jan 2018, 02:36

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