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For a substantial price, several high-technology companies w

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For a substantial price, several high-technology companies w  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2014, 15:00
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For a substantial price, several high-technology companies will analyze your DNA to create a genetic profile that can be used to determine how likely you are to develop genetically-determined illnesses such as diabetes or heart disease. But it would be of little use to know this information. Having a high-risk profile for a particular disease is no guarantee that one will acquire it, and one can reduce the chances of falling prey to these illnesses through lifestyle choices anyway.

Which of the following best describes a weakness present in the argument above?

A) The author has assumed without reason that people are uncomfortable paying private companies for medical information that is so personal
B)The author has underestimated the dangers associated with genetically determined diseases.
C) Knowing that one is at risk for a certain illness allows one the opportunity to modify one’s lifestyle accordingly.
D) The author assumes that people who are at risk for certain illness will take steps to reduce the risk.
E) The cost of the DNA analysis is assumed to be too high for the vast majority of the population
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New post 13 May 2014, 18:56
C is the only contender: Knowing that one is at risk for a certain illness allows one the opportunity to modify one’s lifestyle accordingly.
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New post 14 May 2014, 01:03
A) The author has assumed without reason that people are uncomfortable paying private companies for medical information that is so personal- talking about paying & not about risks

B)The author has underestimated the dangers associated with genetically determined diseases- (out of scope)

C) Knowing that one is at risk for a certain illness allows one the opportunity to modify one’s lifestyle accordingly.

D) The author assumes that people who are at risk for certain illness will take steps to reduce the risk- the conclusion mainly focuses on lifestyle

E) The cost of the DNA analysis is assumed to be too high for the vast majority of the population- Nowhere talking about the conclusion- i.e high risk profile patient cannot do anythng
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New post 14 May 2014, 04:46
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The option C says - "Knowing that one is at risk for a certain illness allows one the opportunity to modify one’s lifestyle accordingly". It only talks only about modifying the lifestyle and says nothing about 'reducing the chances of falling prey to those illnesses'. Modifying the lifestyle is definitely possible, but assuming that these modifications reduce the risk of falling prey to the illnesses is an improper assumption. So, for this reason, I felt option C was not the correct option (in the sense, it was not the weakness in the argument, as it sounds reasonable). Whereas in option D - the author assumes that people who are at risk for certain illnesses will take steps to reduce the risk - I felt this was an improper assumption and therefore the weakness in this argument. (E.g.: Smoking increases the risk of cancer and in spite of this many people continue to smoke).

The knowledge of risk definitely allows the opportunity to modify the lifestyle, however, does one take up this opportunity is a different question. Assuming that people at risk WILL take steps to reduce the risk is not always true.

Please let me know if I am missing something in my analysis
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For a substantial price, several high-technology companies w  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2016, 08:42
Can we please discuss options C and D here. Although I picked C, can we discard option D as a weakness to the argument presented above.

Thanks.
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New post 05 Oct 2016, 03:24
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Keats wrote:
Can we please discuss options C and D here. Although I picked C, can we discard option D as a weakness to the argument presented above.

Thanks.



My 2 cents:

The author assumes that the test is not required since genetically acquired diseases could be overcome by leading a healthy life style.

Option D states that:
The author assumes that people who are at risk for certain illness will take steps to reduce the risk.

While the argument states that:
one can reduce the chances of falling prey to these illnesses through lifestyle choices anyway.

Inline with prevention is better than cure :)

It may or maybe not be possible that one will be aware about his/her health state and likelihood to acquire this disease. Due to healthy lifestyle, he/she is less likely to fall prey. Option D somehow talks about people who are aware that they stand a risk. Also I am not comfortable when they state "risk for certain illness"

We need to find a weakness in the argument. What if the tests are really useful? If a person finds out that they are at risk from the test, he/she will take steps to avoid the risk.

Option C find that loophole and hence it is the correct answer which points out the weakness
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New post 04 Feb 2017, 08:07
sathyadev09 wrote:
For a substantial price, several high-technology companies will analyze your DNA to create a genetic profile that can be used to determine how likely you are to develop genetically-determined illnesses such as diabetes or heart disease. But it would be of little use to know this information. Having a high-risk profile for a particular disease is no guarantee that one will acquire it, and one can reduce the chances of falling prey to these illnesses through lifestyle choices anyway.

Which of the following best describes a weakness present in the argument above?

A) The author has assumed without reason that people are uncomfortable paying private companies for medical information that is so personal
B)The author has underestimated the dangers associated with genetically determined diseases.
C) Knowing that one is at risk for a certain illness allows one the opportunity to modify one’s lifestyle accordingly.
D) The author assumes that people who are at risk for certain illness will take steps to reduce the risk.
E) The cost of the DNA analysis is assumed to be too high for the vast majority of the population


I answered D but after thinking through it, C is the most logical. The way I see it that although D may be a logical conclusion, it does not expose the weakness in the argument. The conclusion of the argument says test is not useful because test ≠ reduced risk. If you can prove test = reduced risk, then that is the strongest argument against the conclusion. C =you need to know your risk (the test) to modify your lifestyle (reduce risk) (test = reduced risk). We did it! Answer is C.
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Re: For a substantial price, several high-technology companies w  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2019, 20:43
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: For a substantial price, several high-technology companies w   [#permalink] 26 Jan 2019, 20:43
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