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For far too long, the United States has been without a long-range ener

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For far too long, the United States has been without a long-range ener  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Oct 2019, 04:15
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For far too long, the United States has been without a long-range energy plan. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 presents 1,700 pages and several hundred provisions attempting to elucidate such a plan. Many of the Act’s provisions are meant to spur innovative technologies, reduce American dependence on foreign oil, and keep a check on prices at the gas pump. These provisions include loan guarantees for companies that develop manufacturing processes that avoid producing greenhouse gases, and tax credits for both manufacturing and using environmentally conscious vehicles and appliances.

Though many of these provisions have merit, the Act is by no means a coherent plan for the future. There is no clear indication as to the extent of the nation’s long-term energy needs and no overall mechanism for either meeting those needs or managing the way we do business and live our lives so as to reduce those needs.

What the Act does provide is a slew of tax breaks and incentives for the petroleum, ethanol, and nuclear corporations that are already well served by government largess. And for every environmentally friendly provision, a free pass is given to a major energy provider. Oil and gas industries, for example, have been exempted from some clean water laws. Another portion of the Act makes it easier to obtain permits for power lines and oil wells on public lands. There is even a provision that would allow for the consolidation of public utilities, something that has been wisely forbidden for the last 80 or so years.

Competition among the big energy concerns might produce innovative and profitable products, but it is folly to leave something so important and complex as the production, distribution, and use of energy to the marketplace alone. The federal government needs to find people who can do the hard science, who understand international markets, and who can formulate a policy that will realistically and conscientiously provide for this country’s energy needs as our oil deposits inevitably dry up. A policy of this sort—the Kyoto Protocol—is already in existence, but too many of our politicians are leery of an internationally formulated document that they simplistically see as a giveaway of money and power to developing nations.


The author discusses the consolidation of public utilities in order to

a. illustrate a major problem of the Energy Act.
b. demonstrate why the Energy Act is not a coherent plan.
c. emphasize the risk of allowing permits for oil drilling on public lands.
d. show how energy distribution can become more efficient.
e. highlight the influence of energy lobbyists in formulating policy.


Originally posted by globaldesi on 30 Sep 2018, 11:10.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 15 Oct 2019, 04:15, edited 1 time in total.
Updated - Complete topic (1005).
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New post 02 Oct 2018, 19:07

+1 kudos to the posts containing answer explanations of all questions


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New post 08 Jan 2019, 05:12
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Q.The author discusses the consolidation of public utilities in order to

Reference lines: 'Another portion of the Act makes it easier to obtain permits for power lines and oil wells on public lands. There is even a provision that would allow for the consolidation of public utilities, something that has been wisely forbidden for the last 80 or so years.'

a. illustrate a major problem of the Energy Act. ---Correct, the words such as 'forbidden' demonstrates that 'consolidation of public utilities' was one of the problems associated with the Energy Act.

b. demonstrate why the Energy Act is not a coherent plan. ---Incorrect, TRAP answer. The idea of being a coherent plan was discussed in the previous paragraph and not in the concerned para.

c. emphasize the risk of allowing permits for oil drilling on public lands. ---Incorrect, Another TRAP answer. Permits for oil drilling are mentioned in the lines before the concerned statement. The words: 'There is even a provision' separates the two problems.

d. show how energy distribution can become more efficient. ---Incorrect, Irrelevant. Energy distribution is not discussed in the concerned part of the passage.

e. highlight the influence of energy lobbyists in formulating policy. ---Incorrect, out of scope. Energy lobbyists are not mentioned in the passage.
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Re: For far too long, the United States has been without a long-range ener  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 12:38
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Surely feels like a whole bunch of questions should go with such a large passage.

Anyways, 3 mins 10 secs to this one.

Quoting the end of the third paragraph:
"Another portion of the Act makes it easier to obtain permits for power lines and oil wells on public lands. There is even a provision that would allow for the consolidation of public utilities, something that has been wisely forbidden for the last 80 or so years."
1. First colored part tells us that the author mentions a completely new provision which is unrelated to the previous things being mentioned ( a difficult thing to conclude if you do not understand the discussion)
2. Second colored part talks about this new provision being unwise as it was forbidden for the last 80 years. So this is a major change which is being ushered by the act.


The author discusses the consolidation of public utilities in order to

a. illustrate a major problem of the Energy Act. BINGO - but only after others are eliminated. Overall this is what we were looking for from the analysis above.
b. demonstrate why the Energy Act is not a coherent plan. Too wide a scope for the specific question, however since the author's main point is similar could be a trap if nothing else stays after elimination.
c. emphasize the risk of allowing permits for oil drilling on public lands. TRAP -Not related to the question, discussed just before the part being asked is mentioned in the passage and hence it is important to realize that the two are unrelated. First highlighted part in quoted text reveals this.
d. show how energy distribution can become more efficient. Opposite. Laughable. Discard.
e. highlight the influence of energy lobbyists in formulating policy. Can not ascertain this, not directly mentioned. Discard. The author could be in general trying t imply this but not as an answer to this specific question.

Surely there would be more questions associated with this paragraph. If someone comes across please pm or tag me, I will add them. Thanks.

Hope it helps.
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Re: For far too long, the United States has been without a long-range ener   [#permalink] 08 Jan 2019, 12:38
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