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For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers

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For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 09:48
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adkikani wrote:
Ashokshiva pikolo2510

I am not an expert, but let me add my two cents.

Quote:
What does ''that'' refer to in option E.


That refers to two nouns devastation and enslavement.

I hope you are aware usage of THAT as a relative pronoun modifer.
A relative pronoun will always start a dependent clause. The relative pronoun may
or may not be the subject of the DC that it starts.

The reason why you might be confused is due to presence of prepositional phrase -
in the name of progress - which modifies above two nouns. It is
perfectly valid for a modifier (that) to jump over a prepositional phrase to
refer back to both above nouns as subject and make sense with plural
verb - have decimated.

As yourself: Is it progress or evastation and enslavement
that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

Here is complete sentence structure for you:

For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress

that have decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

Subject - Verb pairs are as highlighted

Hope this helps.



Hello Arpit adkikani,

I am so happy and proud to see how well you guided pikolo2510 to resolve his own doubt. Great job there. :thumbup:

However, I would just like to make a correction in your above-mentioned analysis.

Please note that have decimated is the verb for the subject that, NOT for devastation and enslavement.

Yes, the noun modifier that refers to devastation and enslavement. But devastation and enslavement does NOT associate with have decimated as a subject. It is that that does so.

If you remove the that clause from the sentence, you will have to remove the verb have decimated also because the verb cannot exist without its subject.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 22:26
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adkikani wrote:
pikolo2510

Quote:
Can "that" modify a plural subject i.e. "devastation and enslavement" ? Till now I thought that only modifies "singular" subjects. Please correct me if I am wrong


Try this question and
let me know what is subject for verb - orbit and what does THAT refer to?

Your answer will reply to your queries. :-)


Hi adkikani,

Thanks for your explanation.

In the question, subject for ''Orbit'' is ''that'' and ''that'' refers to ''asteroids''.

is it right?

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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 22:38
Ashokshiva

Yes correct. Cheers Happy learning !
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 22:52
adkikani wrote:
Ashokshiva

Yes correct. Cheers Happy learning !


So should we conclude by saying ''that'' can refer to plural nouns.

There were instances where i have eliminated answer options by using this technique. Now i would have find an another one.!!

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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 17:36
For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

(A) devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere - what has decimated? devastation and enslavement - plural form needed

(B) devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere have been decimated

(C) devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere that have been decimated

(D) devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated

(E) the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere correct

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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2017, 01:03
Dmitriy wrote:
For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

(A) devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere

(B) devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere have been decimated

(C) devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere that have been decimated

(D) devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated

(E) the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere


"the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress" is a compound subject,,,, plural verb required,,,

IMO D

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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 00:55
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Ashokshiva wrote:
adkikani wrote:
Ashokshiva

Yes correct. Cheers Happy learning !


So should we conclude by saying ''that'' can refer to plural nouns.

There were instances where i have eliminated answer options by using this technique. Now i would have find an another one.!!



Hello Ashokshiva,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)


When that is used a noun modifier, it can refer to a singular as well as a plural noun entity as we saw in the case of the two official sentences that you solved.

When that is used just as a pronoun, then it only refers to a singular noun entity.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to pers   [#permalink] 02 Oct 2017, 00:55

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