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For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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23 Jan 2016, 01:08
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For nonnegative integers x, y, and m, what is the greatest value of m for which x^m is a factor of y!? (1) y=x−1 (2) x is a prime number
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For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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23 Jan 2016, 01:23
shasadou wrote: For nonnegative integers x, y, and m, what is the greatest value of m for which x^m is a factor of y!?
(1) y=x−1
(2) x is a prime number Hi, A Good Q.. the Q statement is "For nonnegative integers x, y, and m, what is the greatest value of m for which x^m is a factor of y!?"What doe sthis mean.. It means the largest power of x that is there in y!.. formula is y/x + y/x^2.. and so on till the fraction y/x^z becomes less than 1.. x is a prime number or the biggest prime in any integer.. lets see the sentences.. (1) y=x−1this means x^m in (x1)!.. y/x + y/x^2.. and so on means (x1)!/x.. if x is prime, answer is 0.. if not it will depend on x.. say x=6, so y=5.. check for 3s in 5! as 3 is the largest prime number in 6.. 5/3=1 so m=1.. different answers But we do not know if x is prime or what is the largest prime in the integer x.. insuff (2) x is a prime numbersince there is no corelation in y and x, we cannot answer .. say y is 50 and prime is 5, then it is 50/5+50/25=12.. and say 4 and prime is 3then 4/3=1.. insuff.. combined . we know that x is prime and y is x1..from this it becomes clear that y! or (x1)! will not have x..so power of x will be 0, or m=0.. suff C
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Re: For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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23 Jan 2016, 13:21
Aside: Whenever you see the word "nonnegative," you should ask yourself "Why didn't they just say POSITIVE?" The answer to this question is a big hint. Nonnegative is not the same as positive, since ZERO is a nonnegative number and zero is not positive. So, when you see the word "nonnegative," be sure to consider the possibility that the number equals zero. Cheers, Brent
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Re: For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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16 Mar 2016, 05:38
chetan2u wrote: shasadou wrote: For nonnegative integers x, y, and m, what is the greatest value of m for which x^m is a factor of y!?
(1) y=x−1
(2) x is a prime number Hi, A Good Q.. the Q statement is "For nonnegative integers x, y, and m, what is the greatest value of m for which x^m is a factor of y!?"What doe sthis mean.. It means the largest power of x that is there in y!.. formula is y/x + y/x^2.. and so on till the fraction y/x^z becomes less than 1.. x is a prime number or the biggest prime in any integer.. lets see the sentences.. (1) y=x−1this means x^m in (x1)!.. y/x + y/x^2.. and so on means (x1)!/x.. if x is prime, answer is 0.. if not it will depend on x.. say x=6, so y=5.. check for 3s in 5! as 3 is the largest prime number in 6.. 5/3=1 so m=1.. different answers But we do not know if x is prime or what is the largest prime in the integer x.. insuff (2) x is a prime numbersince there is no corelation in y and x, we cannot answer .. say y is 50 and prime is 5, then it is 50/5+50/25=12.. and say 4 and prime is 3then 4/3=1.. insuff.. combined . we know that x is prime and y is x1..from this it becomes clear that y! or (x1)! will not have x..so power of x will be 0, or m=0.. suff C This took me 4 minutes to solve Any other methods?
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For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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27 Sep 2016, 23:13
Is there any alternate way to crack this problem. Bunuel please help. I tried solving it by making cases and took somewhere close to 3 minutes to figure it out.



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Re: For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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27 Sep 2016, 23:33
shasadou wrote: For nonnegative integers x, y, and m, what is the greatest value of m for which x^m is a factor of y!?
(1) y=x−1
(2) x is a prime number We need the greatest value of m for which x^m is a factor of y! We have no relative values of x, y and m given in the question stem. (1) y=x−1 Think what this means. Say x = 8. Then y = 7 We need greatest m such that 8^m is a factor of 7! 7! has a 2, a 4 and a 6 so it has four 2s. So it can make one 8. So m = 1. But what if x = 7? Then y = 6 We need greatest m such that 7^m is a factor of 6!. Can we make 7 out of first 6 numbers? No, because 7 is prime. So it means that you can never make 7 out of any other 2 factors. So m = 0 Not sufficient. (2) x is a prime number x could be 7 but y could be either 6 or 10 (or infinite other values). 6! will not have any 7s but 10! will. Not sufficient. Using both: This is our second case above. If x = prime, y is prime  1. All numbers till prime  1 will not be able to make a single prime. i.e. our second case above. If x = 7, then y = 6 and all positive integers till 6 will not be able to make a 7. So m will always be 0. Answer (C)
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Re: For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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27 Sep 2016, 23:51
Keats wrote: Is there any alternate way to crack this problem. Bunuel please help. I tried solving it by making cases and took somewhere close to 3 minutes to figure it out. This took me only 1 min to solve. Here is how I approached. We are given x, y, and m and non negative integers. So, we need to have x,y and m >=0; We need to find the greatest value of m such that y!/x^m = Integer. Now Statement 1 : y=x−1. It means x and y are coprimes. Now, I checked the fraction for x=2, y=1, for this m has to be zero. Now I checked for a larger number say x=10; y = 9, for this m could be 0 and 1 but not greater than that.  INSUFFICIENT. Statement 2 : x is prime. Nothing about y. Insufficient Combining : So, for any value of prime, we will always have m = 0 because positive value of m will NEVER make the two co primes divisible.. HENCE I MARKED C.
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Re: For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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19 Dec 2016, 04:38
Just ensuring that my understanding of the concepts is correct. We have to find the maximum value of m for which x^m is is a factor of y!
Statement 1 y+1=x now if y=5 x=4 then m=1 but if y=10 and x=9 them m=2 NS
Statement 2 x is prime quite not sufficient in itself.
However combining 1 and 2 we have the following situation where x is prime and y is a coprime thus the only factor is 1 so C
I guess I am making a mistake here. Please correct me



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Re: For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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20 Dec 2016, 07:39
Question asks: how many number x can be formed using elements in y!. Stat.1 gives x=y+1. So x is not in y!. Can x be constructed from elements of y!? Stat.2 gives that x is prime, thus x can't be built from other numbers. Answer: C.



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Re: For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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31 Jul 2017, 12:19
Very tricky.
1) You should see X could be 1 and Y is 0!, 0! is 1 (for whatever reason) therefore M could be any number. Also if X=2, Y=1 therefore M =0 So not sufficient 2) If X =2, Y has no restriction. So Y! could also be 2! so M=1. But Y could also be 9! and M could equal 2 as 3^2 is a factor or 9! as 9! contains a 9 which is a factor of 3^2. So this number could be infinite.
In terms of CWe know Y! is always less than X and X is prime. So if Y! is less than X we know the prime is always above 6! A prime number such as 7^M doesn't go into 6! Because 7 is a prime and there are no prime factors of 7 in 6X5X4X3X2X1. Therefore, M always has to be zero because only 1 is a factor. This is now sufficient.



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Re: For nonnegative integers x , y , and m , what is the greatest value
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16 Aug 2018, 12:43
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