GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Feb 2019, 09:00

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT RC Webinar

     February 23, 2019

     February 23, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Learn reading strategies that can help even non-voracious reader to master GMAT RC. Saturday, February 23rd at 7 AM PT
  • FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

     February 24, 2019

     February 24, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Dec 2009
Posts: 75
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 14 Dec 2018, 02:50
34
1
271
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (01:20) correct 54% (01:32) wrong based on 3262 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.


(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing

(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces

(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing

(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces

(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce


Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

Attachment:
SC Cow.jpg
SC Cow.jpg [ 82.12 KiB | Viewed 13593 times ]

Originally posted by GMATMadeeasy on 26 Dec 2009, 10:44.
Last edited by Bunuel on 14 Dec 2018, 02:50, edited 6 times in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Manhattan Prep Instructor
avatar
Joined: 29 Apr 2010
Posts: 124
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Oct 2010, 21:04
62
47
The structure of this sentence took me a moment to digest, so I went with the simple pronoun split first ("cows" versus " cow").

The first "them" is not underlined, so we must be looking for a plural subject--lose B and D.

Examining the remaining choices shows us two more splits -- the progressive tense verb ("are producing" ) versus the future tense ("will produce"), and the type of modifier (-ing versus past participle).

Whenever I see a list of things, I tend to check for parallelism right away--the items in the list should be parallel OR the nonparallel items should be subordinate/have a clear-in-meaning reason for being structurally different from the rest of the items in the list. Parallelism is good not because of any intrinsic value, but because the clarity of a sentence's meaning is served by that parallel structure. If the meaning doesn't warrant parallelism, don't force the issue.

If we look at choice A, then "providing them.....regularly" would have to be considered a subordinate clause ("providing" is not parallel to "cool" because "providing" refers back to the farmer rather than the cows, so it cannot be part of a properly parallel list).

The structure of A would then seem to be--
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool,
(1) providing them with high-energy feed,
(2) and milking them regularly
Holstein cows....

The structure is still a little awkward because we have not one but TWO additional -ing modifiers that are subordinate before we reach the subject of the sentence (the cows). Are these two additional modifiers, separated by a comma (which would seem to suggest a list of 3+ items), of same "weight" and both less important than the fact that the cows are kept cool?

Whereas in E, the meaning is clear, and clearly supported by parallel structure--

For the farmer who takes care to keep them
(1) cool,
(2) provided with high-energy feed,*
(3) and milked regularly,*
Holstein cows....

Choice C is a mix of A and E (provided/milking) so can be considered neither a proper subordinate clause nor a proper parallel list-- lose C.

E has clean parallelism and avoids that unnecessary usage of the present progressive (are providing) in A that the above poster mentioned.


*note: remember that past participles can serve as adjectives!
_________________


JP Park | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Los Angeles

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2796
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Aug 2012, 14:18
38
24
Hi Akash,

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Well, this question is certainly confusing and not written in the best possible manner. However let’s get into the logic of this sentence. The sentence is saying that for the farmers who takes care of the Holstein cows in certain ways, these cows produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year. Now here comes the tricky part. The ways in which the farmers takes care of these cows is that he takes care:
a. to keep them cool,
b. to keep them provided with high-energy feed, and
c. to keep them milked regularly.

Image

1. From the original sentence, it is clear that the entities in the list are not parallel. While “cool” is an adjective, “providing…” and “milking…” are working as gerunds (nouns) in this sentence.
2. In case, if you could not figure out the correct parallel list to rectify it, look at the problem this way. “providing…” and “milking…” are the verb-ing modifiers preceded by comma. This means that they are modifying the preceding clause. However, it does not make sense to say that the farmer keeps the cows cool by providing them good feed and by milking them. So these modifiers do not fit here.
3. Also notice the inconsistent verb tenses. This sentence is providing general information about the Holstein cows. Using present continuous tense “are producing” does not make sense here.

POE:

a. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

b. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces: Incorrect.
1. The verb-ing modifier “providing…” does not make sense as in choice A.
2. The entities in the list are still not parallel.
3. The singular antecedent “the Holstein cow” does not agree in number with plural pronoun “them”.

c. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing: Incorrect.
1. Verb-ing modifier “milking…” does not make sense.
2. The entities in the list are still not parallel.
3. Use of “are producing” is incorrect.

d. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces: Incorrect. The singular antecedent “the Holstein cow” does not agree in number with plural pronoun “them”.

e. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce: Correct. The use of future “will produce” is correct because we have a causal relationship here. If the farmers take care of the cows in certain ways, then the cows produce certain amount of milk. The cause is written in the simple present. Hence, the effect can be written in either simple present tense or simple future tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Most Helpful Community Reply
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 154
Location: St. Louis, MO
Schools: Cornell (Bach. of Sci.), UCLA Anderson (MBA)
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2009, 14:00
62
33
I think E might be appealing to you because by itself, the underlined part sounds good. This sentence would be OK:

Provided with high-energy feed and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.
(Structure: Modifier [provided and milked], Subject [H. cows] Verb [will produce] Object [an average of ....])

Note the parallelism between provided and milked. Also note that there is no comma between them, as there are just two actions that must be done for the cows. For lists of two things, we see "X and Y" with no comma. For lists of three or more things, we see "X, Y, and Z" and the GMAT puts a comma between each list item, including one before the final "and."

So, my question on (E) is where's the third list item that justifies the comma before "and milked"? I suppose it might be "cool," and we are supposed to think of provided and milked as descriptions of the cows rather than actions done for the cows. That is,

(1) For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool,
(2) For the farmer who takes care to keep them provided with high-energy feed,
(3) For the farmer who takes care to keep them milked regularly,
.....Holstein cows will produce ...

But looking at the other choices the same way (what three things are parallel?), you can't eliminate 4 choices for bad parallelism. There's a second judgement call about verb tense, and I'm not sure the question gives you enough context to rule out one tense in favor of another. What's the source of the question?
_________________


Emily Sledge | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | St. Louis

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

General Discussion
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 154
Location: St. Louis, MO
Schools: Cornell (Bach. of Sci.), UCLA Anderson (MBA)
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Dec 2009, 12:12
18
16
We continued this discussion via private message, but here's a summary for the benefit of others.

GMATMadeeasy wrote:
Thanks for wonderful break up , it gives me more insight on this.

The source of the notes is one of these discussion forums' notes and the right answer is E in fact . But I do not get it fully, why this is the answer?

I believe, the given sentence being a general statement, "are producing" progressive tense won't make sense , so E is correct.
I agree, the generality of this statement is key. By using the future tense, (E) makes a prediction or statement of expectations.

GMATMadeeasy wrote:
In that case, I would like to ask parallelism of A is correct or incorrect if we ignore tense issue ?
I think the parallelism of (A) is still incorrect, and punctuation has something to do with it. Here's (A), with color-coding of what might be parallel:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Note that "producing" cannot be parallel to the other -ing words!! "Providing" and "milking" act as modifiers, whereas "are producing" is a tensed verb. Also, if "producing" were in our list of three things, the "and" would be in front of the third item, not the second.

There's no -ing word before the first comma to parallel "providing" and "milking," so this is just a list of two things and there's no reason to have a comma in front of "and milking" at all.

Finally, even if we took the comma out, it doesn't make sense for "providing" and "milking" to be used as adverbial modifiers of "takes care to keep them cool." Providing food and milking them aren't ways to keep cows cool, unless there's something important about cow tending that I am unaware of (quite likely!). The structure of (A) could be OK, if we solved both the comma problem and the meaning problem:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with adequate water and air-conditioning their shelters in the summer, Holstein cows are producing (better, as discussed above: will produce) an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.
_________________


Emily Sledge | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | St. Louis

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 27 Aug 2009
Posts: 154
Location: St. Louis, MO
Schools: Cornell (Bach. of Sci.), UCLA Anderson (MBA)
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2010, 11:10
16
7
I've come around to (E) on this one; I have to admit I wasn't thrilled with it and probably would have answered this incorrectly under timed circumstances!

cccmom wrote:
Esledge,
What about not repeating them on this one? How does that rule work with this question? Can you eliminate them in the other answer choices and have the meaning clear from the first part which says For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, and the last part which mentions the Holstein cows?
Thanks,
CCCMom

You don't have to repeat them for the sake of either parallelism or clarity. You DO have to have the plural Holstein cows as the subject (not the singular the Holstein cow), to serve as the referent for any plural them's in the modifier.

Here's another example, similar to (E):

For the handler who keeps them fit, well trained and intellectually stimulated, German Shepards will be loyal and competent companions.

See how the parallel structure comes after them? It's as if them gets used three times: keeps them fit, keeps them trained, keeps them stimulated.
_________________


Emily Sledge | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | St. Louis

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 101
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2010, 23:46
5
1
This one was very tricky. I was trying to find an option where all the actions are in parallel (normal practice for sentences with a list of actions). But the answer options were not as per my logic. :(
The only option that makes sense is if the sentence is describing a conditional out come. If A is provided with X and Y it will produce B.

Only option E makes sense. D comes close but looses out to E because "produces" fails to convey the idea of conditional outcome.

Answer: E
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 176
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2010, 17:20
6
5
iDisappear wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy
feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
an average of 2,275
gallons of milk each per year.
A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are
producing
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow
produces
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are
producing
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce


tricky indeed....was so close going for B

*to keep them cool* therefre the subject is plural
B,D eliminated
GMAT never uses present continuous (BE -ing) to describe a habit, fact, future etc......
therefore A, C eliminated, with E the only option
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Aug 2008
Posts: 136
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Aug 2010, 20:53
5
3
iDisappear wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy
feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
an average of 2,275
gallons of milk each per year.
A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are
producing
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow
produces
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are
producing
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce


This one was very tricky. First I chose B but after giving it a closer look I chose E.
takes acre to keep them cool implies that it should be COWS.
SO A, C and E are left
For Farmers who takes .... means its a conditional sentence. So the outcome of the condition has to be in future.
SO clearly E

Good question
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: SLOGGING : My son says,This time Papa u will have to make it : Innocence is BLISS
Joined: 16 Jan 2012
Posts: 145
Location: India
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Aug 2012, 21:42
5
3
mohan514 wrote:
skmskm wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool : Them (Plural ) ........ So it will be Cows and not Cow ( Singular )

thus B n D - eliminated

Bxn A / C /E :

the structure/intent of the sentence -

If u care TO (INFINITIVE- always implies INTENT) do X ,....... Y WILL happen.

We can easily chop off A n C ( are producing ) and zone in on E.

Leading to my take E: If farmers take care to keep Cows cool,...... Cows WILL provide Y ( apart from Parallelism)


can you please elaborate your explanation..

looks like you have got a good logic for questions of this type whjere infinitive is used..

please help me out
i wasnt able to dessect the question as you did..


hi Mohan,

First thing first :

1.I checked the non underlined portion : Found THEM .................. what them refers to = COWS thus PLURAL
2. Verical scan to find any clue ========= VOILA B & D speaks of singular COW = Eliminated
3. Left with A / C / E
4. Rereading the stem : To get the intent/ meaning

Infinitives always suggest INTENT : To draw an analogy ,

If Mohan cares TO KEEP up the hard work , Mohan ..................... fetch a 750 on GMAT

Just from sheer logic & our daily usage, what can you insert in the blank ( Forget all Grammar & IF / THEN construction / Hypo subjunctives everything) ........................... Guess nothing but WILL

5. Checked A n C :
If Gmat aspirants care TO KEEP up the hard work ,............. they are fetching 750 on GMAT ( Does it make sense? ) = Eliminated

Thus leading to E.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: SLOGGING : My son says,This time Papa u will have to make it : Innocence is BLISS
Joined: 16 Jan 2012
Posts: 145
Location: India
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Aug 2012, 23:40
2
1.I checked the non underlined portion : Found THEM .................. what them refers to = COWS thus PLURAL
2. Verical scan to find any clue ========= VOILA B & D speaks of singular COW = Eliminated
3. Left with A / C / E
4. Rereading the stem : To get the intent/ meaning

Infinitives always suggest INTENT : To draw an analogy ,

If Mohan cares TO KEEP up the hard work , Mohan ..................... fetch a 750 on GMAT

Just from sheer logic & our daily usage, what can you insert in the blank ( Forget all Grammar & IF / THEN construction / Hypo subjunctives everything) ........................... Guess nothing but WILL

5. Checked A n C :
If Gmat aspirants care TO KEEP up the hard work ,............. they are fetching 750 on GMAT ( Does it make sense? ) = Eliminated

Thus leading to E.
BSchool Thread Master
User avatar
Joined: 28 May 2012
Posts: 105
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.33
WE: Information Technology (Retail)
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Nov 2012, 11:40
kuttingchai wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.



A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing - This gives a the meaning that all the three actions are done simultaneously. however, that is not the case. The last action should be a result of the first two.
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cows produces - Not parallel. "Cows" is plural and cannot "produces" Eliminate.
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them reglarlym Holstein cows are producing - Not parallel . Eliminate.
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces- Them cannot refer to a single cow. Eliminate.
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce - As a result of the first two actions, Holstein cows will produce xyz gallons of milk each per year !

Answer
_________________

You want something, go get it . Period !

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4686
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Dec 2012, 07:03
1
The non-underlined part contains a plural pronoun – them-; so, the subject should be a plural one namely cows and not cow. So, B and D are out. The let’s look into //ism.

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows is producing--- This is trap of pseudo-//ism. Providing and milking are present participles, modifying the noun Holstein cows. Are progressing is wholesome verb; there is no need to look into parallelisms between these two different parts of speech. So A is out’


B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces --- subject- pronoun mismatch

C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing ---provided with and milking --- unparallel.

D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces --= pronoun –subject mismatch

E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce --- correct parallelism of past participles.
_________________

GMAT coaching under able guidance is only half expensive and time-consuming as a self-study in the final reckoning

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4686
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Mar 2013, 00:25
1
The prepositional phrase ‘ for the former ------ to keep them cool-, is no more than an inconsequential piece of additional info, not interfering with the main clause that comes after it. The real portion that matters is--- providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275
gallons of milk each per year. Viewed from this perspective, the picture is clear now.

The participial modifier --- providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly modifies the noun Holstein cows. This is essentially meaningless, since you don’t expect the cows to provide themselves with high energy feed. So, A and B are out at the first shot.

In C, one can see the lack of //ism in ‘provided with -----and milking them’.

In D, the singular Holstein Cow doesn't chime with the plural pronoun ‘them’ in the non-underlined part.

E is the final choice with no //ism or subject –pronoun mismatch

It is too trivial to muse whether -are producing- or –produces- or -will produce- is the right diction, given the larger issues in the context.
_________________

GMAT coaching under able guidance is only half expensive and time-consuming as a self-study in the final reckoning

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Sep 2011
Posts: 321
Location: United States
WE: Corporate Finance (Manufacturing)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Feb 2014, 16:57
1
1. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing Wrong - nonsensical to use present progressive tense (present progressive indicates action is taking place)

2. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces Wrong - "them" modifier requires a plural referent

3. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Hobstein cows are producing Wrong - nonsensical to use present progressive tense (present progressive indicates action is taking place)

4. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, the Hobstein cow produces Wrong - "them" modifier requires a plural referent

5. provided with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Hobstein cows will produce Best choice among not good answer choices - "will produce" not as good as "produce", but it is better than present progressive "are producing"

IMO E
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 24 Jun 2013
Posts: 45
Schools: ISB '16, NUS '15
Reviews Badge
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jun 2014, 07:34
Hi E-GMAT,

Sentence structute for this sentence ,

My analysis ,

For the farmer (SUB) ..Clause 1

who takes care to keep them cool, SUB Clause

providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Contuning the Clause 1.

Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.Clause 2.

Now Dependent Clause 1 seems to have no verb.

and Clause 2 is just a fact and it is not linked with dependent clause 1.

Now my only question is how come "will produce" mention in the option E is correct. Can't it be a simple verb tense.


Thanks
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2796
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jun 2014, 11:01
Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi E-GMAT,

Sentence structute for this sentence ,

My analysis ,

For the farmer (SUB) ..Clause 1

who takes care to keep them cool, SUB Clause

providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Contuning the Clause 1.

Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.Clause 2.

Now Dependent Clause 1 seems to have no verb.

and Clause 2 is just a fact and it is not linked with dependent clause 1.

Now my only question is how come "will produce" mention in the option E is correct. Can't it be a simple verb tense.


Thanks



Hi Nitinaka19,
Thank you for the query. :)

Although the construction of this sentence is not similar to an “if…then…” construction, it represents a similar type of cause and effect relationship.
• For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

The sentence indicates that if a farmer takes care to fulfill these three conditions:
1. Keep the cows cool
2. Keep the cows provided with high-energy feed
3. And keep them milked regularly

Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Since the conditions in the first part are written in the simple present tense, the effect is correctly represented in the simple future tense (will produce).


Hope this helps! :)
Regards,
Deepak
_________________








Everything you need to ace the GMAT and more
Basics of the GMAT
GMAT Exam Strategies
GMAT Study Plans
GMAT Verbal Subject Matter
GMAT AWA & IR




| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1007
Location: United States
Premium Member
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2014, 16:15
2
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
Wrong. Cows should be provided with high-energy feed and milked regularly.

B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
Wrong. "providing" is wrong. "the Holstein cow" does not agree with "them" (in the non-underlined part)

C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
Wrong. "milking" is wrong.

D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
Wrong. "the Holstein cow" does not agree with "them" (in the non-underlined part)

E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce
Correct. Provided & milked modify Holstein cows correctly.


Regards,
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4391
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jun 2015, 07:25
4
1
souvik101990 wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.


For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, ...................... There must be a plural oblect ( Cows ) somewhere in the later part of the sentence...

Hence options (B) and (D) can be eliminated...

B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces


Left with Options (A), (C) and (E) , out of those (C) can be rejected since it distorts the meaning of the sentence.

C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing - Eliminated

Left with A and E -

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Now here comes the most interesting part of the sentence ...

Consider the part -

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool-----------> Holstein cows will produce / are producing ?? { I think this becomes crystal clear now }

Lets flip the fragments for convenience and coming to the answer without any ambiguity.

(E)Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year for the farmer who takes care to keep them cool.
(A)Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year for the farmer who takes care to keep them cool.

I choose (E) since it produces a cause and effect relation and expresses the meaning of the sentence better...

Cause ( Keep the cows cool )----------------->(Effect) cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk.


Hence IMHO (E), will look forward for the official Explanation

PS : souvik101990 , will love to hear your comments on this one and your valuable inputs !!
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2897
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 May 2016, 16:29
Alex75PAris wrote:
A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
-> The verb tense of "are producing" is incorrect
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
->The pronoun "them" has no reference since we read "the Holstein cow"
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
-> The verb tense of "are producing" is incorrect
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
->The pronoun "them" has no reference since we read "the Holstein cow"
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce
-> Good answer choice

Is my analyse correct ?


Yes, in addition there are some other errors in some of the choices:
A. Because of the use of present participle modifiers "providing" and "milking" (used in active voice), it seems as though Holstein cows provide and milk.
B. Because of the use of present participle modifier "providing" (used in active voice), it seems as though Holstein cows provide. ("milked" is correct modifier - used in passive voice).
C. Because of the use of present participle modifier "milking" (used in active voice), it seems as though Holstein cows milk. ("provided" is correct modifier - used in passive voice).
GMAT Club Bot
Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with   [#permalink] 22 May 2016, 16:29

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 30 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.