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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2016, 00:07
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I was thoroughly confused with this one, but then ii remembered the trick "when faced with a dilemma where sentence and options appear to be confusing, RE-ARRANGE THE SENTENCE"
I re-arranged the sentence quickly and found out that E was the best. see for yourself

Provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year for the farmer who takes care to keep them cool. NOW IN A PRACTICAL VETERINARY CLASS AND IN GENERAL LIFE THIS SENTENCE WOULD SOUND AWKWARD AND ABRUPT. But grammatically, it is perfect. One might say, - That's it? I just have to keep the cow cool.

Also notice the word "THEM" and "EACH" in the non underlined part of the sentence, meaning that we will have to use plural "cows" then only it will logically refer to many cows.
Option B and Option D are out and
Thus we only have to rearrange Option A, C and E and rearranging tells us E is correct.


GMATMadeeasy wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce


In all options, we have subject (Holstein cows/Holstein cow...) after comma. It indicates that we have a modifier, subject....construction

In A, modifier(providing .....and milking....) refers to somebody who is providing feed and milking regularly. This modifier does not refer to the cows. Eliminate

B and C are eliminated for the same reason

In D and E, modifier(provided feed ....and milked regularly.....) correctly refers to the cows.

Split between D and E is Holstein cow(single) and Holstein cows(plural)

The sentence ( the farmer who takes care to keep them cool) is talking about cows(them)

D is eliminated

So, E is correct
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2016, 20:08
esledge
esledge wrote:
We continued this discussion via private message, but here's a summary for the benefit of others.

GMATMadeeasy wrote:
Thanks for wonderful break up , it gives me more insight on this.

The source of the notes is one of these discussion forums' notes and the right answer is E in fact . But I do not get it fully, why this is the answer?

I believe, the given sentence being a general statement, "are producing" progressive tense won't make sense , so E is correct.
I agree, the generality of this statement is key. By using the future tense, (E) makes a prediction or statement of expectations.

GMATMadeeasy wrote:
In that case, I would like to ask parallelism of A is correct or incorrect if we ignore tense issue ?
I think the parallelism of (A) is still incorrect, and punctuation has something to do with it. Here's (A), with color-coding of what might be parallel:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Note that "producing" cannot be parallel to the other -ing words!! "Providing" and "milking" act as modifiers, whereas "are producing" is a tensed verb. Also, if "producing" were in our list of three things, the "and" would be in front of the third item, not the second.

There's no -ing word before the first comma to parallel "providing" and "milking," so this is just a list of two things and there's no reason to have a comma in front of "and milking" at all.

Finally, even if we took the comma out, it doesn't make sense for "providing" and "milking" to be used as adverbial modifiers of "takes care to keep them cool." Providing food and milking them aren't ways to keep cows cool, unless there's something important about cow tending that I am unaware of (quite likely!). The structure of (A) could be OK, if we solved both the comma problem and the meaning problem:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with adequate water and air-conditioning their shelters in the summer, Holstein cows are producing (better, as discussed above: will produce) an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.


I have doubt in original sentence below
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

Can the above 'who takes care', 'providing' and 'milking' not modify farmer and thus creates a parallel list.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2017, 04:44
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Could you help to explain why (A) is incorrect?

Present Progressive tense ("are producing") shows what is happening NOW. It is sometimes used interchangeably with the simple present tense, but present progressive indicates a continuation of the action or event.

How could (E) simple future ("will produce") be correct?

The simples form of future tense ("will produce") shows what will or what may happen at some point in the future.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2017, 07:49
hazelnut wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Could you help to explain why (A) is incorrect?

Present Progressive tense ("are producing") shows what is happening now. It is sometimes used interchangeably with the simple present tense, but present progressive indicates a continuation of the action or event.

How could (E) simple future ("wil produce") be correct?

The simples form of future tense ("will produce") shows what will or what may happen at some point in the future.


Present Continuous can be used for gradual change but here there is no gradual change.

World energy demand is increasing at a rate of about 3% per year. (Collins)

"provided" and "milked" are participles and adds a meaning like "when"or "if"

The problem with the "providing" and "milking" is parallelism.

Possible solutions:

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool by providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provides them with high-energy feed, and milks them regularly

For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provide them with high-energy feed, and milk them regularly

But these sentences are still problematic as "providing them with high-energy feed" and "milking them regularly" are actually not how you keep cows cool.

That's why the test maker chose to correct the sentence as in E.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 04:16
hazelnut wrote:
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Holstein cow produces
(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cow produces
(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce

Could you help to explain why (A) is incorrect?

Present Progressive tense ("are producing") shows what is happening NOW. It is sometimes used interchangeably with the simple present tense, but present progressive indicates a continuation of the action or event.

How could (E) simple future ("will produce") be correct?

The simples form of future tense ("will produce") shows what will or what may happen at some point in the future.


A is wrong because of wrong usage of the present participle "providing". A present participle modifier such as this one refers to the subject of the adjacent clause. However here "farmer" is NOT the subject, but the object of preposition ("For the farmer"). In option A , "providing" wrongly refers to "Holstein cow".

The use of "will" is alright with conditional structure to depict a future event with no uncertainty.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2017, 08:45
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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly': The comma before the 'and milking' confirms that it is a list of three items. If providing and milking were the only two items in a list, then the comma would not have been used, The use of the participles 'providing and milking' is not in consonance with the relative clause 'who takes care'. Add to this the typically Asian way of equating a present tense activity with a progress tense, you have solid reason for dumping A and B
Among C, D, and E, we can drop C and D for the same reasons. E remains
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 05:26
What I don't understand in the question is how "cool",which is an adjective,go parallel with past participle such as provided and milked.Please help
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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techiesam wrote:
What I don't understand in the question is how "cool",which is an adjective,go parallel with past participle such as provided and milked.Please help



Hello techiesam,


I would be glad to help you with your query. :)

Any word that modifies/describes a noun is called an adjective. Hence, cool is an adjective.

Since the verb-ed modifiers (past participle form) and the verb-ing modifiers (present participle form) also modify noun entities, they also function as adjectives.

This is the reason that cool is parallel to provided and milked.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2017, 06:07
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For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

This is a core exercise on modification and pronoun reference. The first interpretation is that provided with comfort and milked are referring to the cows rather than to the farmers, as we would hurry up to think

A. providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing -- providing and milking refer to cows. This is wrong modification and meaning.

B. providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces --1 pronoun- subject number error. 2. providing them refer to the cows --wrong modification as in A.
C. provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing -- milking them refers to the cows --wrong modification
D. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces -- the singular cow does not tally with the plural 'them' in the non-underlined part.
E. provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce -- correct
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 10:42
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.

(A) providing them with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
- "holstein cows are producing" = incorrect. same explanation as "D".

(B) providing them with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
- "providing" and "milked" need be //, because they're both verbs that tie the farmer to the cows. also, "cow" should be "cows" - hint: look at "them" in the passage

(C) provided with high-energy feed, and milking them regularly, Holstein cows are producing
- "same as B"

(D) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, the Holstein cow produces
- "the Holstein cow produces" is incorrect. "For the farmer who..." sets up a HYPOTHETICAL. "the Holstein cow produces" infers there is an actual cow that produces something. also, "cow" should be "cows"

(E) provided with high-energy feed, and milked regularly, Holstein cows will produce
- correct as is

The key with the HYPOTHETICAL is to set the condition: "for the farmer who ... the cows WILL (do this)"

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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 06:21
For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, provided them with high-energy feed, and milked them regularly, Holstein cows will produce an average of 2,275 gallons of milk each per year.



Interpretation:
The cows will produce something per year because (for) farmer did something (provided and milked)

Which farmer? The one who took care to keep them (cows) cool.
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Re: For the farmer who takes care to keep them cool, providing them with   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2017, 06:21

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