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Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their

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Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Oct 2018, 07:15
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GMAT® Official Guide 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 738
Page: 696

Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

(A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
(B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
(C) between one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
(D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
(E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

Foraging

(A) Pronoun (a sperm whale); Idiom (so much as)

(B) CORRECT

(C) Parallelism (between X to Y)

(D) Idiom (so much as)

(E) Pronoun (a sperm whale); Idiom (so much as)


First glance

The answers begin with either between or from, indicating possible Parallelism or Idiom issues (since between signals the parallelism marker Between X and Y).

Issues

(1) Pronoun: a sperm whale

The original sentence correctly uses the parallelism marker Between X and Y, so look for something else to start. Before the underline, the sentence refers to their feeding. What noun goes with this plural pronoun?

Logically, the sperm whales are feeding, but the original sentence uses the singular whale. A plural pronoun can’t refer to a singular noun. Eliminate answers (A) and (E) for this error.

(2) Idiom: so much as

Some choices say so much as but others say as much as. Are both okay?

There are circumstances in which you can use so much as in a sentence (for example, I have not studied so much as one problem today). In this sentence, however, the so / as much as language is intended to convey the upper limit of something: Sperm whales are capable of eating up to a ton of squid a day. If this is the intended meaning, use as much as. Eliminate answers (A), (D), and (E) for this error.

(3) Parallelism: between X to Y

Proper parallelism markers include between X and Y or from X to Y. Between X to Y is not a proper construction. Eliminate choice (C).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) uses a proper parallelism marker, between X and Y and correctly uses the plural noun whales to match the plural pronoun their. Finally, it employs the idiom as much as to indicate the upper limit of the amount that sperm whales can eat in a day.

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Originally posted by AbdurRakib on 15 Jun 2016, 10:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Oct 2018, 07:15, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2016, 04:15
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Between –and / from-to are not such hair - splitting jargons; after all they mean the same thing almost. It is pointless to delve on that , since there are other clearly visible POEs in D and E. D says, 'could eat so much as' , while 'can eat as much as' is the correct expression. 'So much as' is used more in negative expressions as in: He doesn’t drink so much as his wife does. Note the negative connotation ‘doesn’t’. We would not write here, 'he doesn’t drink as much as his wife does'. In addition, 'could' is a problem vis-a-vis ‘can' in this context as can correctly indicates the whales' capacity, whether they do it or not.
E is a downright subject-pronoun mismatch as in A. Therefore, B is the royal answer without hassle
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2016, 11:15
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AbdurRakib wrote:
Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
C) between one and eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

OG 2017 New Question


Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as much as a ton of squid a day.

thangvietnam

Could is not correct/required here , please go through this post -

can-vs-could-25693.html#p171086

Hope this helps !!

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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 21:49
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IMO B

D and E straight eliminated since from one to eight does not convey the intended meaning.
Intended meaning is that the period of rest can be between one hour to eight( not complete eight hour as conveyed by "from").

A & C are are out as "could" does not convey fact, it conveys possibility.

So there should be "can" instead of "could".
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2016, 23:52
why c is wrong?
because could is used for past time.

we need to show a timeless action here, so , can is used

pls, help explain
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2016, 06:54
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thangvietnam wrote:
why c is wrong?
because could is used for past time.

we need to show a timeless action here, so , can is used

pls, help explain




Brother if you read closely, you will see that this sentence express a fact. Something that is true in current event. Therefore we have to use "can".

If intend of the sentence was to show any possibility i.e something expected to happened under some circumstances then "could" would be the right choice.
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2016, 23:05
Interesting observation:

Sperm whales can eat as much as a ton of squid a day = Sperm whales can each eat as much as a ton of squid a day.

Is there possibly any exception to this rule?
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2016, 05:06
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Abhishek009 wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
C) between one and eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

OG 2017 New Question


Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as much as a ton of squid a day.

Can we use From and Between split too ?
Between A and B or From X to Y ?
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2016, 00:59
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atptennis15 wrote:
Abhishek009 wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
C) between one and eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

OG 2017 New Question


Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as much as a ton of squid a day.

Can we use From and Between split too ?
Between A and B or From X to Y ?


No, this split cannot be used to eliminate options. Both idioms are correct.
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2016, 02:47
Whale can rest any hour between 1 and 8 hours, so “from one to eight hours” is wrong. Eliminate D, E
Eliminate A as a sperm whale is wrong as we have “their feeding with”
now, the intent of above sentence is to state a fact and not a possibility. So, “can” should be used instead of “could”.
So, correct answer is B
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2017, 08:17
Hello experts,
Is my understanding correct?

We use Could in order to show a Future act in the Past with reference to some other activity in the past. As there is no such Past activity in this sentence, Could is wrong, therefore we need to show the sentence as A Fact.
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2017, 11:48
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ravi19012015 wrote:
Hello experts,
Is my understanding correct?

We use Could in order to show a Future act in the Past with reference to some other activity in the past. As there is no such Past activity in this sentence, Could is wrong, therefore we need to show the sentence as A Fact.


"Could" is the simple past tense of "can". Using past tense would imply that the whales could eat before (but may be now they can't). However this is a Universal truth and hence must be expressed in simple present.

(There is no need for reference to another verb in past - probably you mixed up "would" and "could".)
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2017, 05:59
'Their' refers to sperm whales. Hence, A and E straight away out.
Correct usage of idiom here is 'as much as' instead of 'so much as' since the former indicates the quantity. Hence, D out.
'Could' refers to possibility while 'Can' indicates be able to. Hence, C out.
Correct option : B
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Dec 2017, 08:07
the idiom is as much as and not so much as.

2 options left.

b)between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
C) between one and eight hours, sperm whales could eat as

In C we have could. Could is simple past. But we are talking about present so Can is what is needed. Answer is B

Originally posted by Turkish on 04 Dec 2017, 03:16.
Last edited by Turkish on 05 Dec 2017, 08:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 07:45
varundixitmro2512 wrote:
thangvietnam wrote:
why c is wrong?
because could is used for past time.

we need to show a timeless action here, so , can is used

pls, help explain




Brother if you read closely, you will see that this sentence express a fact. Something that is true in current event. Therefore we have to use "can".

If intend of the sentence was to show any possibility i.e something expected to happened under some circumstances then "could" would be the right choice.


thank you
"could" can be used to state a fact in past but this sentence is in present. so, "can" is correct.
"could " can be used in present but to show possibility, not fact , so, "could" is wrong.
is that correct?
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2018, 23:34
AbdurRakib wrote:
Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
C) between one and eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

OG 2017 New Question


You only get down to B & C by POE , then look at C , as it uses "could" that changes the verb tense of the sentence , as would , could -> shows a hypothetical scenario .
Hence Option B , it is.
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2018, 18:26
AbdurRakib wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 738
Page: 696

Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

(A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
(B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
(C) between one and eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
(D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
(E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

Foraging

(A) Pronoun (a sperm whale); Idiom (so much as)

(B) CORRECT

(C) Parallelism (between X to Y)

(D) Idiom (so much as)

(E) Pronoun (a sperm whale); Idiom (so much as)


First glance

The answers begin with either between or from, indicating possible Parallelism or Idiom issues (since between signals the parallelism marker Between X and Y).

Issues

(1) Pronoun: a sperm whale

The original sentence correctly uses the parallelism marker Between X and Y, so look for something else to start. Before the underline, the sentence refers to their feeding. What noun goes with this plural pronoun?

Logically, the sperm whales are feeding, but the original sentence uses the singular whale. A plural pronoun can’t refer to a singular noun. Eliminate answers (A) and (E) for this error.

(2) Idiom: so much as

Some choices say so much as but others say as much as. Are both okay?

There are circumstances in which you can use so much as in a sentence (for example, I have not studied so much as one problem today). In this sentence, however, the so / as much as language is intended to convey the upper limit of something: Sperm whales are capable of eating up to a ton of squid a day. If this is the intended meaning, use as much as. Eliminate answers (A), (D), and (E) for this error.

(3) Parallelism: between X to Y

Proper parallelism markers include between X and Y or from X to Y. Between X to Y is not a proper construction. Eliminate choice (C).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) uses a proper parallelism marker, between X and Y and correctly uses the plural noun whales to match the plural pronoun their. Finally, it employs the idiom as much as to indicate the upper limit of the amount that sperm whales can eat in a day.





The main issue here is the diffrence between can and could here.

Could is used when we are talking about something in the past .

Since this is a common trait that we are talking about so usage of could is right.

Note: between X and Y and from X to Y is not the entry point for this question which has been crafted very carefully to lure us.
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 07:05
AbdurRakib wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 738
Page: 696

Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

(A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
(B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
(C) between one and eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
(D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
(E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

Foraging

(A) Pronoun (a sperm whale); Idiom (so much as)

(B) CORRECT

(C) Parallelism (between X to Y)

(D) Idiom (so much as)

(E) Pronoun (a sperm whale); Idiom (so much as)


First glance

The answers begin with either between or from, indicating possible Parallelism or Idiom issues (since between signals the parallelism marker Between X and Y).

Issues

(1) Pronoun: a sperm whale

The original sentence correctly uses the parallelism marker Between X and Y, so look for something else to start. Before the underline, the sentence refers to their feeding. What noun goes with this plural pronoun?

Logically, the sperm whales are feeding, but the original sentence uses the singular whale. A plural pronoun can’t refer to a singular noun. Eliminate answers (A) and (E) for this error.

(2) Idiom: so much as

Some choices say so much as but others say as much as. Are both okay?

There are circumstances in which you can use so much as in a sentence (for example, I have not studied so much as one problem today). In this sentence, however, the so / as much as language is intended to convey the upper limit of something: Sperm whales are capable of eating up to a ton of squid a day. If this is the intended meaning, use as much as. Eliminate answers (A), (D), and (E) for this error.

(3) Parallelism: between X to Y

Proper parallelism markers include between X and Y or from X to Y. Between X to Y is not a proper construction. Eliminate choice (C).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) uses a proper parallelism marker, between X and Y and correctly uses the plural noun whales to match the plural pronoun their. Finally, it employs the idiom as much as to indicate the upper limit of the amount that sperm whales can eat in a day.




Option C in the question is not as it is in OG. As per OG below is the right one (page:748)
(C) between one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat as

Bunuel please make the necessary change. Thank you.
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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2018, 07:16
reynaldreni wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
GMAT® Official Guide 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 738
Page: 696

Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

(A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
(B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
(C) between one and eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
(D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
(E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

Foraging

(A) Pronoun (a sperm whale); Idiom (so much as)

(B) CORRECT

(C) Parallelism (between X to Y)

(D) Idiom (so much as)

(E) Pronoun (a sperm whale); Idiom (so much as)


First glance

The answers begin with either between or from, indicating possible Parallelism or Idiom issues (since between signals the parallelism marker Between X and Y).

Issues

(1) Pronoun: a sperm whale

The original sentence correctly uses the parallelism marker Between X and Y, so look for something else to start. Before the underline, the sentence refers to their feeding. What noun goes with this plural pronoun?

Logically, the sperm whales are feeding, but the original sentence uses the singular whale. A plural pronoun can’t refer to a singular noun. Eliminate answers (A) and (E) for this error.

(2) Idiom: so much as

Some choices say so much as but others say as much as. Are both okay?

There are circumstances in which you can use so much as in a sentence (for example, I have not studied so much as one problem today). In this sentence, however, the so / as much as language is intended to convey the upper limit of something: Sperm whales are capable of eating up to a ton of squid a day. If this is the intended meaning, use as much as. Eliminate answers (A), (D), and (E) for this error.

(3) Parallelism: between X to Y

Proper parallelism markers include between X and Y or from X to Y. Between X to Y is not a proper construction. Eliminate choice (C).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) uses a proper parallelism marker, between X and Y and correctly uses the plural noun whales to match the plural pronoun their. Finally, it employs the idiom as much as to indicate the upper limit of the amount that sperm whales can eat in a day.




Option C in the question is not as it is in OG. As per OG below is the right one (page:748)
(C) between one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat as

Bunuel please make the necessary change. Thank you.

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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 10:21
Hello Everyone!

Let's tackle this question, one issue at a time, and find the correct choice as quickly as possible! This is a pretty straightforward question that focuses mainly on idioms and pronoun-antecedent agreement, so let's start by doing a quick scan over the options, and highlight the major differences in orange:

Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

(A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
(B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
(C) between one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
(D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
(E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

After a quick glance over the options, we have a few things we can focus on:

1. between vs. from (idioms)
2. a sperm whale vs. sperm whales (pronoun-antecedent agreement)
3. so much as vs. as much as (idioms)


Let's take a look at #2 on our list first, since it deals with pronoun-antecedent agreement. If we look at the original sentence, we see that there is a pronoun that's not underlined:

Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their feeding with periods of rest that last between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so much as a ton of squid a day.

This pronoun MUST match in number to its antecedent. It's a plural pronoun, so it should have a plural antecedent. Let's see how the options handle this:

(A) between one and eight hours, a sperm whale could eat so
(B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as
(C) between one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat as
(D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so
(E) from one to eight hours, a sperm whale can eat so

We can eliminate options A & E because they use a plural pronoun to refer to a singular antecedent, which doesn't agree!

Now that we've eliminated a couple options, let's deal with #1 & #3 on the list: idioms. There are two we need to focus on, so let's dive in!

(B) between one and eight hours, sperm whales can eat as

This is CORRECT! It uses the following idioms correctly:

between X and Y
X can eat as much as Y

(C) between one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat as

This is INCORRECT because the phrase "between X to Y" is NOT the correct way to phrase that idiom. It should be "between X and Y."

(D) from one to eight hours, sperm whales could eat so

This is INCORRECT because the phrase "from X to Y" isn't the right idiom to use here, and it's also not idiomatically correct to say "X can eat so much as Y."

There you have it - option B is the correct choice! Its pronoun and antecedent agree in number, and it uses the correct idiom structures throughout.


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Re: Foraging at all times of the day and night, but interspersing their &nbs [#permalink] 13 Nov 2018, 10:21
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