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# Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1692
Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 07:07
2
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

72% (00:45) correct 28% (00:45) wrong based on 169 sessions

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Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand may not only result in speech difficulties, creating behavioral problems.

A. difficulties, creating behavioral problems
B. difficulties but also creating behavioral problems
C. difficulties but may also create behavioral problems
D. difficulties; it also creates behavioral problems
E. difficulties; behavioral problems themselves are also created by it

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There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

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Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 09:07
aragonn wrote:
Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand may not only result in speech difficulties, creating behavioral problems.

A. difficulties, creating behavioral problems
B. difficulties but also creating behavioral problems
C. difficulties but may also create behavioral problems
D. difficulties; it also creates behavioral problems
E. difficulties; behavioral problems themselves are also created by it

IMO C

Correct usage of Not only X but Y

A. difficulties, creating behavioral problems
is it effect of the difficulties ?? a link is missing here

B. difficulties but also creating behavioral problems -> But also create could have been better.

C. difficulties but may also create behavioral problems
Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand may not only resultin speech difficulties but may also create behavioral problems

D. difficulties; it also creates behavioral problems
Full stop breaks the construction.

E. difficulties; behavioral problems themselves are also created by it
Full stop breaks the construction.
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Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 20:51
Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand may not only result in speech difficulties, creating behavioral problems.

A. difficulties, creating behavioral problems
Idiomatically wrong and there is the wrong verb tense, not parallel with the first part of the sentence

B. difficulties but also creating behavioral problems
Similar to A, the -ing form is wrong

C. difficulties but may also create behavioral problems
Correct one? Honestly, I'm not sure, but the others are clearly wrong for a reason or another. I ruled out this in the first time because I thought that another "may" before also breaks the parallelism, but in absence of any option...

D. difficulties; it also creates behavioral problems
The semicolon stops the entire sentence trasforming it in two separate sentences. But the first one does not make sense if it is not linked to the second. Moreover, the idiom is broken

E. difficulties; behavioral problems themselves are also created by it
Similar to D, and the second part is really awkard

I bet on C
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Posts: 116
Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 22:25
2
This question is flawed 'Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand' is third person singular
so it should be 'results' not result.
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2018
Posts: 53
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Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 22:50
1
Not only result ...but also create

A, B, D, E all out.

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Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 23:00
parijit wrote:
This question is flawed 'Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand' is third person singular
so it should be 'results' not result.

Hello parijit, how are you?

Yes you are right, our subject is "forcing children" - v-ing as noun, hence SINGULAR.
But did you noticed modal verb "may" befor main verb?
This is the main trick, we use origical verb form without "to" after the modal verbs, thus everything is okay with our subject-verb agreement.

Questions are welcome, hope it will be helpful
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(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

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Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 23:29
1
GKomoku wrote:
parijit wrote:
This question is flawed 'Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand' is third person singular
so it should be 'results' not result.

Hello parijit, how are you?

Yes you are right, our subject is "forcing children" - v-ing as noun, hence SINGULAR.
But did you noticed modal verb "may" befor main verb?
This is the main trick, we use origical verb form without "to" after the modal verbs, thus everything is okay with our subject-verb agreement.

Questions are welcome, hope it will be helpful

Hi GKomoku,

I am fine.
Thanks a lot for your valuable insight
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Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2019, 23:59
1
aragonn wrote:
Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand may not only result in speech difficulties, creating behavioral problems.

Meaning analysis: If we force children who use their left hand to use their right hand this can lead to 2 things:
1. may result in speech difficulties 2. may create behavioral problems

Error analysis: let's see the sentence structure -->
Attachment:

A.JPG [ 35.21 KiB | Viewed 736 times ]

From the meaning analysis we know that forcing children is not good and it leads to 2 things, but this 2 parts are not connected properly. Idom "not only" is missing its pair "but also". Moreover ",+v-ing" is not good way to present it. If there was no "not only", then "creating" will be okey suggesting "how" aspect of "may result in speech dificultires". But now we require "but also" becouse "not only" is in non-underlined part of the orginal sentence.

In reality "not only X ... but also Y" is one of the most favourite idioms that GMAT tests us.
And we are going to be really lucky if we see this idiom in real GMAT in D day.

There is a lot of variations of this idiom (thank you @daagh)
Whenever you spot this idiom, just keep in mind that X // Y.
Attachment:

not only but also.JPG [ 25.72 KiB | Viewed 735 times ]

A. difficulties, creating behavioral problems
(wrong as explained in error analysis)

B. difficulties but also creating behavioral problems
(we've back our missing "but also", but "creating" is not // to result)

D. difficulties; it also creates behavioral problems
(we don't need here any IC, our "not only" is in non-underlined part, "but also" is required here)

E. difficulties; behavioral problems themselves are also created by it
(same as (D), too wordy construction, "themselves"-?? "it"-refers to what???)

C. difficulties but may also create behavioral problems

Attachment:

.JPG [ 30.53 KiB | Viewed 732 times ]

_________________

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

___________________
Practice makes perfect!

It is pointless to try to study if it is not fun, then it becomes a chore. At that point, you will either hate your studies or became afraid of them.

Intern
Joined: 12 Jul 2017
Posts: 11
Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 00:35
"Not only" must be followed by "but also", eliminating A,D and E.
Option B: "result in" is not parallel with "creating".

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1692
Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2019, 19:52
aragonn wrote:
Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use their right hand may not only result in speech difficulties, creating behavioral problems.

A. difficulties, creating behavioral problems
B. difficulties but also creating behavioral problems
C. difficulties but may also create behavioral problems
D. difficulties; it also creates behavioral problems
E. difficulties; behavioral problems themselves are also created by it

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:

The underlined portion of the sentence contains the verb creating and the non-underlined portion of the sentence contains the verb result, so check for parallel construction errors. The non-underlined portion of the sentence also contains the beginning of the idiomatic construction not only…but also, so check for idiom errors. The verb creating is not parallel to the verb result, so there is a parallel construction error. Because the correct idiomatic structure is not only…but also and the underlined portion of the sentence does not complete the idiom with but also, there is also an idiom error. Eliminate choice A for both the parallel construction and idiom errors and look for obvious repeaters. Choice B is an obvious repeater of the parallel construction error since it also uses the verb creating, so eliminate choice B. Now, evaluate the remaining answer choices individually, looking for reasons to eliminate each.

Choice C fixes the original parallel construction error by using the verb create which is parallel to the verb result, fixes the idiom error by using the correct construction may not only…but may also, and introduces no new errors, so keep choice C. Choice D uses the verb creates which is not parallel to the verb result and uses the unidiomatic construction may not only…it also, so eliminate choice D for both the parallel construction and idiom errors. Choice E uses the verb created which is not parallel to the verb result and uses the unidiomatic construction may not only…also, so eliminate choice E for both the parallel construction and idiom errors.

Choice A: No. The verb creating is not parallel to the verb result and the idiom not only…but also is incorrectly written as not only. Parallel construction; Idiom.

Choice B: No. The verb creating is not parallel to the verb result. Parallel construction.

Choice C: Correct.

Choice D: No. The verb creates is not parallel to the verb result and the idiom not only…but also is incorrectly written as not only...it also. Parallel construction; Idiom.

Choice E: No. The verb created is not parallel to the verb result and the idiom not only…but also is incorrectly written as not only...also. Parallel construction; Idiom.

The correct answer is choice C.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

Manager
Joined: 24 Mar 2018
Posts: 209
Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2019, 09:17
AjiteshArun chetan2u
Can you please brief how the may is justified between but and also ?
since there is a may before not only
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Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2019, 01:45
1
teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun chetan2u
Can you please brief how the may is justified between but and also ?
since there is a may before not only

Good catch! Simple answer: it is NOT justified. There is no valid answer to this unofficial question.
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Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use  [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2019, 18:28
'Not only' result, 'but also' create, option C makes most sense.
Re: Forcing children who show a preference for their left hand to use   [#permalink] 31 Jan 2019, 18:28
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