Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and

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Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2011, 15:42
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Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations.

a.Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists,
b.Fusion, the heat and light produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
c.Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
d.Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light,
e.Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, and

Can someone explain why D would be wrong?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2011, 18:24
Even though D is in active voice, when D is inserted into the complete sentence, 'scientists', the referent of 'whom', gets placed far away from it. Hence, A.
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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2011, 22:56
ajit257 wrote:
Can someone explain why D would be wrong?

..fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, some of whom have attempted..

firstly, 'the process the sun uses' lacks the connecting 'through which'
secondly, 'heat and light, some of whom have attempted' .. how can heat and light attempt something?

HTH

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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2011, 06:37
apologies guys...I meant to ask the difference between A and C and not D which is clearly wrong. I have read that gmat prefers active speech thats why A is a better choice. Another reason why C is wrong is the usage of which. Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2011, 08:09
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@ Ajit: even A uses ‘which’. Once you know why something is wrong, why do you wan to look beyond that and unnecessarily waste your valuable time in the test?
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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2011, 03:21
+1 A

C: Passive voice, while A is written in active voice. A wins.
Note.- Passive voice could also be correct as long as there is not a better option.
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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2011, 17:58
thanks metallicafan.....thats what i wanted to know (active is preferred to passive).
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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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16 May 2011, 21:16
active is preferred ,because of mentioned reason.
Active voice precisely tell the subject of sentence.
passive voice ambiguous in telling who is doer.
Ex- I have given the result of GMAT....in this we have no idea ,who is doer...I or someone else.
passive is OK in transitive verbs(which take direct object)
such as,I drive the car.----(v is taking direct object here)
Car is driven by me
hope the difference is clear between usage of active and passive
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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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16 May 2011, 22:58
D some of whom modifier is placed far from scientists.

A is better.
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Re: Fusion, the process through which [#permalink]

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16 May 2011, 23:07
use of whom is the clue here..sentence has to place the noun that whom is referring to close to whom
also, "the process the sun uses" is not really the most optimal usage!
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Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2012, 10:04
A is better than C( active vs passive)
IMO A.
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Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 01:09
ajit257 wrote:
Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations.

a.Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists,
b.Fusion, the heat and light produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
c.Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
d.Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light,
e.Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, and

Can someone explain why D would be wrong?

i pick A. B and C are out because they are unnecessarily passive. D and E have more error. i think one error is that relative clause is required between "the process" and "the sun".
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Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2013, 04:55
Can there be choices on GMAT which would differ only between passive and active voice?
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Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2013, 08:06
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Sachin9 wrote:
Can there be choices on GMAT which would differ only between passive and active voice?

In rare cases, yes.

It will help you if you know the difference between the two and when to use which. The wrong usage may sometimes alter the meaning as well.

5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html
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Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2016, 22:42
daagh wrote:
Ajit: even A uses ‘which’. Once you know why something is wrong, why do you wan to look beyond that and unnecessarily waste your valuable time in the test?

Can't option A be run-on here?
Two complete sentences joined by a comma.
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Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2016, 13:33
jumsumtak wrote:
Sachin9 wrote:
Can there be choices on GMAT which would differ only between passive and active voice?

In rare cases, yes.

It will help you if you know the difference between the two and when to use which. The wrong usage may sometimes alter the meaning as well.

5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html

Manhattan changed the answer choices. please review the following:

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 21499.html
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and   [#permalink] 12 Dec 2016, 13:33
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