It is currently 24 Jun 2017, 14:29

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has

  post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 257
Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2011, 16:42
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (01:48) correct 25% (00:33) wrong based on 56 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations.

(A) Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists,
(B) Fusion, the heat and light produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
(C) Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
(D) Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light,
(E) Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, and

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone explain why D would be wrong?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Verbal:new-to-the-verbal-forum-please-read-this-first-77546.html
Math: new-to-the-math-forum-please-read-this-first-77764.html
Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ajit

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Oct 2010
Posts: 183
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2011, 19:24
Even though D is in active voice, when D is inserted into the complete sentence, 'scientists', the referent of 'whom', gets placed far away from it. Hence, A.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
B
Affiliations: SPG
Joined: 15 Nov 2006
Posts: 327
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2011, 23:56
ajit257 wrote:
Can someone explain why D would be wrong?


..fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, some of whom have attempted..

firstly, 'the process the sun uses' lacks the connecting 'through which'
secondly, 'heat and light, some of whom have attempted' .. how can heat and light attempt something?

HTH

_________________

press kudos, if you like the explanation, appreciate the effort or encourage people to respond.

Download the Ultimate SC Flashcards

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 257
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2011, 07:37
apologies guys...I meant to ask the difference between A and C and not D which is clearly wrong. I have read that gmat prefers active speech thats why A is a better choice. Another reason why C is wrong is the usage of which. Please correct me if I am wrong.
_________________

Verbal:new-to-the-verbal-forum-please-read-this-first-77546.html
Math: new-to-the-math-forum-please-read-this-first-77764.html
Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ajit

Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3967
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2011, 09:09
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
@ Ajit: even A uses ‘which’. Once you know why something is wrong, why do you wan to look beyond that and unnecessarily waste your valuable time in the test?
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1659
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jan 2011, 04:21
+1 A

C: Passive voice, while A is written in active voice. A wins.
Note.- Passive voice could also be correct as long as there is not a better option.
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 28 Aug 2010
Posts: 257
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jan 2011, 18:58
thanks metallicafan.....thats what i wanted to know (active is preferred to passive).
_________________

Verbal:new-to-the-verbal-forum-please-read-this-first-77546.html
Math: new-to-the-math-forum-please-read-this-first-77764.html
Gmat: everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ajit

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 160
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2011, 22:16
active is preferred ,because of mentioned reason.
Active voice precisely tell the subject of sentence.
passive voice ambiguous in telling who is doer.
Ex- I have given the result of GMAT....in this we have no idea ,who is doer...I or someone else.
passive is OK in transitive verbs(which take direct object)
such as,I drive the car.----(v is taking direct object here)
Car is driven by me
hope the difference is clear between usage of active and passive
VP
VP
avatar
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1327
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2011, 23:58
D some of whom modifier is placed far from scientists.

A is better.
_________________

Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Feb 2011
Posts: 279
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: HBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V47
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 May 2011, 00:07
use of whom is the clue here..sentence has to place the noun that whom is referring to close to whom
also, "the process the sun uses" is not really the most optimal usage!
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Enjoying the GMAT journey....
Joined: 26 Aug 2011
Posts: 718
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V24
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2012, 11:04
A is better than C( active vs passive)
IMO A.
_________________

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.

A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

Three good RC strategies http://gmatclub.com/forum/three-different-strategies-for-attacking-rc-127287.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Apr 2011
Posts: 212
Schools: Mccombs business school, Mays business school, Rotman Business School,
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2012, 02:09
ajit257 wrote:
Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations.


a.Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists,
b.Fusion, the heat and light produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
c.Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
d.Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light,
e.Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, and

Can someone explain why D would be wrong?


i pick A. B and C are out because they are unnecessarily passive. D and E have more error. i think one error is that relative clause is required between "the process" and "the sun".
_________________

some people are successful, because they have been fortunate enough and some people earn success, because they have been determined.....

please press kudos if you like my post.... i am begging for kudos...lol

Director
Director
avatar
Status: Gonna rock this time!!!
Joined: 22 Jul 2012
Posts: 520
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q43 V34
GMAT 2: 630 Q47 V29
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jan 2013, 05:55
Can there be choices on GMAT which would differ only between passive and active voice?
_________________

hope is a good thing, maybe the best of things. And no good thing ever dies.

Who says you need a 700 ?Check this out : http://gmatclub.com/forum/who-says-you-need-a-149706.html#p1201595

My GMAT Journey : http://gmatclub.com/forum/end-of-my-gmat-journey-149328.html#p1197992

1 KUDOS received
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 23 Mar 2011
Posts: 1113
Concentration: Healthcare, Strategy
Schools: Duke '16 (M)
Premium Member
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jan 2013, 09:06
1
This post received
KUDOS
Sachin9 wrote:
Can there be choices on GMAT which would differ only between passive and active voice?


In rare cases, yes.

It will help you if you know the difference between the two and when to use which. The wrong usage may sometimes alter the meaning as well.

5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Aug 2013
Posts: 7
Location: United States
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Aug 2014, 22:54
Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations.


a.Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists,
b.Fusion, the heat and light produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
c.Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,
d.Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light,
e.Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, and


Though the official answer is A, the original sentence is containing two clauses joined by ",".
The 1st clause is " Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists " and the 2nd one is "some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations".
Is it correct in GMAT Land to join two clauses by "," ???
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 Aug 2012
Posts: 114
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Aug 2014, 07:36
Here the process through which sun produces heat and light is modifying fusion and,
some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations clause is modifying scientists
Both of the clauses are noun + noun modifiers modifying their respective entity

Edit - Please put your doubts as well as the OA with spoiler tags
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
MBA Section Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 3802
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2015, 03:11
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations.

• Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists,

• Fusion, the heat and light produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,

• Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,

• Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light,

• Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, and

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
The original sentence describes fusion as a "process" studied by scientists. The
underlined portion of the sentence correctly ends with the word "scientists." This is
necessary because the non-underlined portion of the sentence, beginning "some
of whom . . .," is a long modifier that describes what some of those scientists have
attempted to do. Modifiers describing nouns must be adjacent to the nouns that
they describe.
• (A) CORRECT. This choice is correct as it repeats the original sentence.
• (B) This choice incorrectly shortens the modifier that describes fusion to "the
heat and light produced by the sun." This distorts the meaning of the sentence
by incorrectly stating that fusion is the "heat and light" produced by the sun. In
fact, fusion is the "process" used by the sun to produce heat and light; fusion is
not the "heat and light" itself. This is made clear by the use of the word
"process" in the non-underlined portion of the sentence in the phrase "to mimic
the process in their laboratories."
• (C) This choice describes fusion as "the process through which heat and light
are produced by the sun." The use of the doubly passive construction "through
which . . . are produced by" produces an unnecessarily wordy modifier.
- 21 -
Though a passive construction may be correct, a more active construction is
preferable if it is provided.
• (D) In moving the word "scientists" from the end of the opening clause to the
beginning, this choice creates a misplaced modifier. The non-underlined
portion of the sentence that begins "some of whom . . ." is a modifier
describing the scientists; this modifier must be placed immediately adjacent to
the noun that it modifies ("scientists"). However, in this choice this modifier is
incorrectly placed adjacent to "heat and light."
• (E) The last word of this choice, "and," creates two independent clauses:
"Scientists have studied fusion . . ." and "some of whom have attempted . . ."
The phrase "some of whom" can only be used if it is placed immediately
adjacent to its antecedent ("scientists."). A better choice would have been
"some of them" since the pronoun "them" (unlike "whom") does not need to be
placed immediately adjacent to its antecedent ("Scientists have studied . . .
and some of them have attempted . . .").

_________________

My GMAT Resources
V30-V40: How to do it! | GMATPrep SC | GMATPrep CR | GMATPrep RC | Critical Reasoning Megathread | CR: Numbers and Statistics | CR: Weaken | CR: Strengthen | CR: Assumption | SC: Modifier | SC: Meaning | SC: SV Agreement | RC: Primary Purpose | PS/DS: Numbers and Inequalities | PS/DS: Combinatorics and Coordinates

My MBA Resources
Everything about the MBA Application | Over-Represented MBA woes | Fit Vs Rankings | Low GPA: What you can do | Letter of Recommendation: The Guide | Indian B Schools accepting GMAT score | Why MBA?

My Reviews
Veritas Prep Live Online

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Mar 2014
Posts: 167
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GMAT Date: 05-10-2015
GPA: 3.51
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2015, 06:49
2
This post received
KUDOS
souvik101990 wrote:
Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists, some of whom have attempted to mimic the process in their laboratories by blasting a container of liquid solvent with strong ultrasonic vibrations.

• Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has been studied by scientists,

• Fusion, the heat and light produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,

• Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the sun, has been studied by scientists,

• Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light,

• Scientists have studied fusion, the process the sun uses to produce heat and light, and


A for me. Modifiers are modifying the correct entities.
_________________

Please give Kudos to the post if you liked.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 01 Nov 2010
Posts: 288
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
GMAT Date: 08-27-2012
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Manufacturing)
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2015, 07:47
narrowed down to A & C.

C passive construction and A active.

A is preferred option.
_________________

kudos me if you like my post.

Attitude determine everything.
all the best and God bless you.

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 4558
Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2015, 08:18
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
ans A..
as mentioned it is in active voice whereas C, the other close choice is in passive..
_________________

Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

Re: Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has   [#permalink] 06 Feb 2015, 08:18

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 38 posts ] 

    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Fusion, the process through which heat and light are produced by the s hazelnut 0 20 Jun 2017, 06:44
Experts publish their posts in the topic SC Revision: Fusion the process through which the sun produces heat souvik101990 0 04 Jan 2017, 04:30
Experts publish their posts in the topic Revision Project: Fusion, the process through which the sun souvik101990 0 08 Jun 2016, 13:14
Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and ajit257 0 12 Dec 2016, 14:33
27 Experts publish their posts in the topic As well as heat and light, the Sun is the source of a tejal777 31 25 Sep 2016, 12:31
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Fusion, the process through which the sun produces heat and light, has

  post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.