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# GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem

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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 Sep 2018, 00:46
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NEW PROJECT!: Back to basic => Give your explanation- Get Kudos Point for best explanation

Passage-25 GMATPrep RCs-Collection (Main article)

According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) point out contradictions in a new management system

(B) compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems

(C) identify the organizational features shared by various management systems

(D) explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems

(E) explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems

2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?

(A) It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.

(B) It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.

(C) It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.

(D) It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.

(E) It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.

This question asks you to evaluate the relationship between the two paragraphs in the passage. The best choice is the third. Drucker's claim is presented in the first paragraph and is qualified in the second paragraph: However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems.

The first choice is not correct. While TQM's consistency with other management styles might conceivably be interpreted as a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph, the second paragraph clearly does not present contrasting explanations of this consistency.

The second choice is also incorrect. The first paragraph reports Drucker’s claim, which could be construed as applying generally to various uses of the two older systems, but the position expressed in the second paragraph is a general qualification of Drucker’s position and does not offer an exception.

While Drucker's assertion is correctly identified in the fourth choice as a claim, the second paragraph does not provide an example that strengthens the claim.

The fifth choice is also incorrect; the first paragraph does not discuss a problem, and the second paragraph does not clearly offer an alternative approach.

3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they

A. are primarily interested in increasing profits

B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure

C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability

D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability

E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives

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Originally posted by PiyushK on 12 Aug 2014, 07:37.
Last edited by hazelnut on 14 Sep 2018, 00:46, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2016, 04:46
7
3
Responding to a PM. Why option C is better than option B?

The fastest way to eliminate option B (without going into the details below) would be to mark the word "an" before "exception" and realize that there are more than one systems mentioned in paragraph B.

Now to details....

Option B: The first paragraph describes a general PRINCIPLE. The second discusses AN EXCEPTION.
The PRINCIPLE in the first paragraph is that TQM is consistent with rationalist school and HR school. In order for B to be correct, we require an example which is an EXCEPTION to this principle, i.e. an example (exception) that shows that TQM is NOT consistent with rationalist and HR schools. Such exception is not shown in paragraph 2.
Moreover the second paragraph does not discuss AN (one) exception (even if it were an exception), but many other systems that are not consistent with TQM:

Option C: First paragraph presents a CLAIM. The second provides information that QUALIFIES the claim.
The claim is that TQM CAN WORK SUCCESSFULLY in conjunction with 2 other principles. The PRINCIPLE mentioned above (TQM is consistent with rationalist school and HR school) is used to support this claim.

The second paragraph qualifies the claim providing the information that TQM cannot be grafted to other non-TQM systems ( i.e. TQM is not consistent with other systems) and thereby adds reservation to the above CLAIM. ( qualify = add reservation to)

Therefore C is better than B.
##### General Discussion
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 13 Aug 2014, 20:32
2

According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. point out contradictions in a new management system
B. compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems
C. identify the organizational features shared by various management systems
D. explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems
E. explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems

2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.

3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they
A. are primarily interested in increasing profits
B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure
C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability
D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability
E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives

Originally posted by bb61 on 12 Aug 2014, 08:22.
Last edited by PiyushK on 13 Aug 2014, 20:32, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2014, 23:22
1
5min 5 sec.
D C A

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2014, 21:54
4
First para states that TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

2nd para states that However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems AND
TQM requires fundamentally different strategies.

My question is how do these pieces of information in the 2nd paragraph qualify the claim made in the first?? I think answer for Q.2 should be A.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2015, 03:55
First para states that TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

2nd para states that However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems AND
TQM requires fundamentally different strategies.

My question is how do these pieces of information in the 2nd paragraph qualify the claim made in the first?? I think answer for Q.2 should be A.

TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems but need different strategies. You can't graft TQM onto other system directly. You need different strategies to make sure that TQM can be worked successfully in conjunction with two older management systems.

In other words, you will get the same result as that in 1st paragraph by following different strategies.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2015, 18:20
Can someone explain Question 2.

I think in second paragraph there is change in direction and .. Author presents why TQM is not compatible with other.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 15:01
1
vishwaprakash wrote:
Can someone explain Question 2.

I think in second paragraph there is change in direction and .. Author presents why TQM is not compatible with other.

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... 10228.html
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2016, 08:45
bb61 wrote:

According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Quality Management (TQM), which is designed to be adopted consistently throughout an organization and to improve customer service by using sampling theory to reduce the variability of a product's quality, can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes, TQM's scientific approach is consistent with the statistical sampling techniques of the "rationalist" school of scientific management, and the organizational structure associated with TQM is consistent with the social and psychological emphases of the "human relations" school of management.

However, TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems. Although, as Drucker contends, TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability, TQM requires fundamentally different strategies. While the other management systems referred to use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term, TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners. TQM's emphasis on shared interests is reflected in the decentralized decision-making, integrated production activity, and lateral structure of organizations that achieve the benefits of TQM.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. point out contradictions in a new management system
B. compare and contrast the objectives of various management systems
C. identify the organizational features shared by various management systems
D. explain the relationship of a particular management system to certain other management systems
E. explain the advantages of a particular management system over certain other management systems

2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.

3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they
A. are primarily interested in increasing profits
B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure
C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability
D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability
E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives

I am confused, the green highlighted ones are the answers or the one with Spoiler?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2016, 07:27
For Q2, I think the main thing is that we have to distinguish what was the point of Drucker and what was the point made by the author. Drucker believed that TQM "can work successfully in conjunction with two other older management systems", while the author did not completely agree. The author agreed that all three share "the ultimate objective of increasing profitability", TQM differs from the other two by requiring "fundamentally different strategies...". that's why the answer C: It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2016, 05:22
1
Took 7 mins , including 2 mins 10 seconds to read the passage
-The passage talks about TQM and its relationship with other management systems
- The passage talks about other management systems as well and describes their roles in helping productivity

1.
Option (D) is the right answer as it clearly describes the author’s intent in writing the passage

2.

3.
"TQM shares with such systems the ultimate objective of increasing profitability"
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2016, 06:11
Time Taken : 6 mins. Got Question 2 wrong.

It seems a 700 level passage.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2016, 21:01
1
Took 9 min got all right....I know time was supposed to be less than 7 min.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2016, 11:43

where is the claim qualified in second paragraph ?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2016, 18:24
1
1
Shrivathsan wrote:

where is the claim qualified in second paragraph ?

Qualify a claim means to explain whether the claim is right or wrong.

Here second para is telling that claim is wrong because there are differences between older 2 theories and TQM.

I hope that this will help.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2017, 17:23
Hi,

I read your reply to know why C is better than B. I was confused between A and C, finally chose A as most other people did.
Can you please explain how C is better than A?

I see there are contradicting explanations given in second paragraph to explain why TQM strategy can not work or can not be directly worked with other strategies...

Are there any specific keywords in A to identify it as a trap?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 04:51
4 min 0 sec - D C A all right. including 2 min 14 sec for reading the passage.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 11:33
10 mins.... 2 correct.... I guess 7-8 mins would have been fare to crack a passage of this hard level..... So those who cracked within 8 mins, don't be upset.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2017, 19:49
1
Hi RMD007,

Quote:
I read your reply to know why C is better than B. I was confused between A and C, finally chose A as most other people did.
Can you please explain how C is better than A?

I see there are contradicting explanations given in second paragraph to explain why TQM strategy can not work or can not be directly worked with other strategies...

Are there any specific keywords in A to identify it as a trap?

The claim in the first paragraph is that, "Total Quality Management (TQM) {...} can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems." Paragraph two elaborates on this claim by telling us that TQM cannot work in conjunction with these systems if it is simply grafted onto them; therefore, the second paragraph qualifies the claim by giving us information that limits/modifies the claim.

As for choice A..

Quote:
A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.

All of the information in the second paragraph supports the first sentence of the second paragraph. Nothing in the second paragraph explains a "phenomenon presented in the first paragraph". Furthermore, the second paragraph certainly does not contain contrasting explanations; rather, the statements in paragraph two provide a cohesive explanation of the statement made in the first sentence of paragraph two. In fact, the only thing "contrasted" in the second paragraph is the strategy of TQM with the strategy of the other systems, and this comparison does not explain anything presented in the first paragraph.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2017, 04:03
question 3 is hard. we do not know where to find the relevant lines. we have to reread all the passage to find. luckily, the passage is short. at the begining of the paragraph 2, we find "TQM shares with such systems the objective...". this line give us the answer, choice A.
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -According to P. F. Drucker, the managem &nbs [#permalink] 10 Apr 2017, 04:03

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