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# According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q

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Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2018, 21:07
question #2 of the RC.

I can't wrap head around this OA, must have missed something subtle.

Can someone please explain as to what does "qualifying a claim" actually mean.

Also, what is the claim that is being qualified in this RC.

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Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2018, 19:51
1
piyush1995 wrote:
question #2 of the RC.

I can't wrap head around this OA, must have missed something subtle.

Can someone please explain as to what does "qualifying a claim" actually mean.

Also, what is the claim that is being qualified in this RC.

Refering to the post below:

GMATNinja wrote:
I would say that, in this context, the meaning of "qualify" is "to limit or modify the meaning of". In other words, in the second paragraph, the author elaborates (provides more information) on the claim made in the first paragraph. The author makes the claim more specific.

For example, I might say, "I love pizza." But then I might qualify that statement by saying, "I only love pizza from New York."

The claim in the first paragraph is that, "TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems."

Paragraph two elaborates on this claim by telling us that TQM cannot work in conjunction with these systems if it is simply grafted onto them; therefore, the second paragraph qualifies the claim by giving us information that limits/modifies the claim.
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Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

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11 May 2018, 13:27
Drshwetagupta wrote:
For Question 3, Why not D?

Quote:
3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they

A. are primarily interested in increasing profits

B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure

C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability

D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability

E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives

The only mention of lower prices is in this portion:

Quote:
TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners.

So we can infer that lowering prices IS probably consistent with TQM.

And we are also told that "the other management systems referred to (rationalist and human relations) use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term." So this might at first glance lead you to think that those other systems are not interested in lowering prices.

But the point is that the other systems are more concerned with shareholder profits in the short term while TQM is more concerned with the shared interests of employees, shareholders, and customers. So a company adhering to TQM might lower prices because it's in the best interests of employees, shareholders, and customers.

A company adhering to the rationalist or human relations school of management also might lower prices but only in an effort to maximize short term profits. This company is still definitely interested in increasing profitability, and, if lowering prices will increase profitability, then the company would certainly want to do so. This company might have different MOTIVES than a company following TQM, but that does not mean that the company would be UNLIKELY to lower prices.

So (D) can be eliminated.
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Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2018, 21:57
Time : 3 mins 54 seconds (including reading) all correct

2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
para 1: claim : according to drucker " TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. " ... support is provided for the claim.... why is it a CLAIM? because it is someone's POV (someone being drucker) .. we cannot call it a fact or a GENERAL PRINCIPLE.
para 2: Though TQM can work in conjunctions with older systems , there ae still some LIMITATION ... limitations or better yet detailed differences between TQM and other systems.So this para MODIFIES OR GIVES US FURTHER INFO TO VIEW THE CLAIM IN TOTALITY with a much deeper undertstanding.

A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
errors : Contrasting explanations : there are no contrasting explanations mentioned anywhere... the AUTHOR in second para merely gives us a more detailed picture in totality for the reader to evaluate the claim.
Phenomenon: phenomenons are usually events or facts which are substantiated with other factual premises. here druckers makes HIS CLAIM. THAT DOES NOT MEAN HE IS STATING A PHENOMENON. Well you could call the support given to the claim " operational features bla bla bla " in para 1 as a phenomenon because it is a fact and hence is substantiated .

B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
errors: AN EXCEPTION : There is no exception . See the author is providing us more info to evaluate (view/judge) drucker's claim. He points out no exception ( that in this case , the claim does not work ). If there had been an exception , the author would have explicitly cited the exception (a scenario in which the claim does not hold true). But nowhere has h/she mentioned such an exception.
Even if we ignore being literal , there is still a problem ... AN exceptions. author points out more than 1 differences in the systems. so AN exception is inappropriate. BOTTOM LINE : THERE IS NO EXCEPTION
General principle: There is no GENERAL PRINCIPLE. Nowhere is it mentioned that the claim made by drucker is widely accepted . author JUST MENTIONS A CLAIM ...THAT'S IT.

C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph. CORRECT
Why right? -
provides info : yes the author provides us info wherein he mentions certain key differences and some common objectives.
qualifies: qualifies means modifying or giving more info on something through which we can evaluate something.
Note : a potential MISCONCEPTION among readers who think " to qualify : to limit" ... qualifying something means provide more info on which we can narrow in and get more info on something to make a sound judgement
for eg : I like ice cream ( this is my claim ... you are the reader) .... I like butterscotch icecream ( My qualification (modification of icecream )) .. Now you can make an even sound judgement about which icecream i like. THIS IS QUALIFICATION.
... SO in para 2 author provides us more info from which we can make a sound judgement on drucker's claim.

D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
errors: example - no example is given....raw info is provided.
strengthens a claim : nowhere is author even trying to substantiate the claim : TQM can successfully work with other sys.... he is providing info

E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.
errors: alternative approach - first of all there isnt any approach to which author is author is providing an alternative.
a problem - a claim is mentioned. author never says that the claim is problematic

GMATNinja please judge my reasoing .. thankyou...
Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q   [#permalink] 22 Oct 2018, 21:57

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