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GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in  [#permalink]

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20 May 2018, 10:40
manishkhare wrote:
Gaurav2690,
SC has been my weakness. I am comfortable with RC and CR.

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2018, 04:51
Hi GMATNinja

For the 4th Question, the passage states : "Because the "OH! NO!" system continually pushed the production process to the verge of breakdown in an effort to find the minimum resource requirement”

From this I understand that the production process was always made to work on minimum resources/ requirement i.e. the minimum effort required to continue production. Hence I chose option B - but B also mentions “automobiles” and the OH!NO! statement in the passage doesn’t mention automobiles specifically. Is this why B is wrong? I didn’t consider C because I believed 'OH! NO!’ brought down resource requirement and not production costs.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2018, 10:46
1
Quote:
4. It can be inferred that the author of the passage sees which of the following as the primary advantage to companies in implementing the "OH! NO!" system?

DogGoesWoof wrote:
Hi GMATNinja

For the 4th Question, the passage states : "Because the "OH! NO!" system continually pushed the production process to the verge of breakdown in an effort to find the minimum resource requirement”

From this I understand that the production process was always made to work on minimum resources/ requirement i.e. the minimum effort required to continue production. Hence I chose option B - but B also mentions “automobiles” and the OH!NO! statement in the passage doesn’t mention automobiles specifically. Is this why B is wrong? I didn’t consider C because I believed 'OH! NO!’ brought down resource requirement and not production costs.

The key to distinguishing between these two choices is the meaning of these words:

• Resource, especially in a business management context, commonly means money to be spent.
• Cost commonly means an amount of money to be spent.
• Effort is not a synonym for money, cost, or resources. It most commonly refers to work being put in by people.

When describing the "OH! NO!" system in paragraph 2, the author describes how Ohno continuously denied managers "the resources needed for production," all "in an effort to find the minimum resource requirement." Since the system's objective is to minimize the resources required for production, we infer that the primary advantage to companies is the same: production at the lowest possible level of resources.

Quote:
B. It minimized the effort required to produce automobiles.

Under the "OH! NO!" system, a.k.a. "management by stress," the resources provided to department managers repeatedly shrank, until the production process was at the verge of breakdown. The author even tells us that the range of responsibilities given to Japanese workers was "far wider than their span of control." Under such a system, we can infer that workers would be expending more effort in order to make up for their minimized level of resources. This is why Choice (B) is wrong. It doesn't match the picture of a high-stress, low-resource environment presented by the author.

Quote:
C. It ensured that production costs would be as low as possible.

Choice (C) doesn't use the phrase "production resources." However, since we know that "resource" acts as a synonym for "money," the two phrases are basically interchangeable in this context. We keep (C) because the "OH! NO!" system was designed to find the minimum resource requirement for production (i.e. the lowest production cost).

And man, this question makes me want to crack awful Dad jokes. Bad example: I hope this explanation makes you go "OH! YEAH!"

Ugh, that was awful. Can I give myself negative kudos?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2018, 11:53
1
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
4. It can be inferred that the author of the passage sees which of the following as the primary advantage to companies in implementing the "OH! NO!" system?

DogGoesWoof wrote:
Hi GMATNinja

For the 4th Question, the passage states : "Because the "OH! NO!" system continually pushed the production process to the verge of breakdown in an effort to find the minimum resource requirement”

From this I understand that the production process was always made to work on minimum resources/ requirement i.e. the minimum effort required to continue production. Hence I chose option B - but B also mentions “automobiles” and the OH!NO! statement in the passage doesn’t mention automobiles specifically. Is this why B is wrong? I didn’t consider C because I believed 'OH! NO!’ brought down resource requirement and not production costs.

The key to distinguishing between these two choices is the meaning of these words:

• Resource, especially in a business management context, commonly means money to be spent.
• Cost commonly means an amount of money to be spent.
• Effort is not a synonym for money, cost, or resources. It most commonly refers to work being put in by people.

When describing the "OH! NO!" system in paragraph 2, the author describes how Ohno continuously denied managers "the resources needed for production," all "in an effort to find the minimum resource requirement." Since the system's objective is to minimize the resources required for production, we infer that the primary advantage to companies is the same: production at the lowest possible level of resources.

Quote:
B. It minimized the effort required to produce automobiles.

Under the "OH! NO!" system, a.k.a. "management by stress," the resources provided to department managers repeatedly shrank, until the production process was at the verge of breakdown. The author even tells us that the range of responsibilities given to Japanese workers was "far wider than their span of control." Under such a system, we can infer that workers would be expending more effort in order to make up for their minimized level of resources. This is why Choice (B) is wrong. It doesn't match the picture of a high-stress, low-resource environment presented by the author.

Quote:
C. It ensured that production costs would be as low as possible.

Choice (C) doesn't use the phrase "production resources." However, since we know that "resource" acts as a synonym for "money," the two phrases are basically interchangeable in this context. We keep (C) because the "OH! NO!" system was designed to find the minimum resource requirement for production (i.e. the lowest production cost).

And man, this question makes me want to crack awful Dad jokes. Bad example: I hope this explanation makes you go "OH! YEAH!"

Ugh, that was awful. Can I give myself negative kudos?

Too late, I already gave you a positive kudos :D
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2018, 05:09
Can someone help me with primary purpose question? I chose D over B? I am not able to figure why B is the answer...
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2018, 06:59
2
mihirbhalla wrote:
Can someone help me with primary purpose question? I chose D over B? I am not able to figure why B is the answer...

mihirbhalla

In the first paragraph, the author introduces "unionism" in Japan, the role of unionism in companies, the internal workings of unionism and compares it with the unionism in United States.

In the second paragraph, the author talks about the effects of unionism on workers, foremen and how the management took advantage of unionism to squeeze worker productivity etc.

The above stated summary matches with primary purpose as stated in option B
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2018, 23:19
11'18'', 3 between B and C
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in  [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2018, 01:05
7:44
BAEC
Got 3rd one wrong. It was way too specific I felt.
Could have devoted a minute more on that question maybe.
Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ -After the Second World War, unionism in   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2018, 01:05

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