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Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the

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New post Updated on: 30 Nov 2017, 23:16
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 74
Page: 664

Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the rules in favor of clients; auditors may, for instance, allow a questionable loan to remain on the books in order to maintain a bank’s profits on paper.

(A) clients; auditors may, for instance, allow

(B) clients, as an instance, to allow

(C) clients, like to allow

(D) clients, such as to be allowing

(E) clients; which might, as an instance, be the allowing of

Originally posted by lgon on 09 Dec 2008, 06:35.
Last edited by hazelnut on 30 Nov 2017, 23:16, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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New post Updated on: 04 Feb 2018, 14:13
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Please see this Video for an explanation of the question:

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Originally posted by egmat on 31 Mar 2012, 15:26.
Last edited by bb on 04 Feb 2018, 14:13, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2008, 17:45
A
semicolon is required.that leaves A nd E. E is wordy and awkward. hence A
lgon wrote:
Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the rules in favor of clients; auditors may, for instance, allow a questionable loan to remain on the books in order to maintain a bank’s profits on paper.
(A) clients; auditors may, for instance, allow
(B) clients, as an instance, to allow
(C) clients, like to allow
(D) clients, such as to be allowing
(E) clients; which might, as an instance, be the allowing of
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Re: Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2009, 23:19
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A...The clause after the semicolon should have a complete meaning...That's done correctly in A...
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New post 14 Jun 2009, 12:09
trainspotting wrote:
A...The clause after the semicolon should have a complete meaning...That's done correctly in A...


well thanks for the answer but I did not understand when we use semicolon ?
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New post 15 Jun 2009, 09:47
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perfectstranger wrote:
trainspotting wrote:
A...The clause after the semicolon should have a complete meaning...That's done correctly in A...


well thanks for the answer but I did not understand when we use semicolon ?



IMO A.


I don't know WHEN to use a semicolon, but I can tell you how to know WHETHER it is correct.

(1) the sentence on both sides of the semicolon should be stand-alone or independent sentences i.e they should not be clauses.

(2) the sentences on both sides of the semicolon should be related and talking about the same topic/idea.
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New post 15 Jun 2009, 17:24
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lgon wrote:
Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the rules in favor of clients; auditors may, for instance, allow a questionable loan to remain on the books in order to maintain a bank’s profits on paper.
(A) clients; auditors may, for instance, allow
(B) clients, as an instance, to allow
(C) clients, like to allow
(D) clients, such as to be allowing
(E) clients; which might, as an instance, be the allowing of



IMO, A seems to be the correct answer. The subject in the first part of the sentence is competitive pressure. However, the second part of the sentence is about an action that an "auditor" may take and not "competitive pressure". Hence, we need to split the sentence using semicolon and introduce a new subject "auditor" to the second sentence.

What's the OA?
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New post 15 Jun 2009, 21:43
2
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A semi colon links two related clauses.

1)Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the rules in favor of clients;
2)auditors may, for instance, allow a questionable loan to remain on the books in order to maintain a bank’s profits on paper.

1st indicates that the auditors might bend some rules in favor of their clients, while the 2nd indicates how it can be done.

'A' seems the best option.
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New post 19 Mar 2012, 11:16
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Hi All,


13. Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging
auditors to bend the rules in favor of clients; auditors
may. for instance. allow a questionable loan to remain
onthe books in orderto maintain a bank's profits on
paper.
(A) clients; auditors may, for instance, allow
(8) clients, as an instance, to allow
(C) clients, like to allow
(D) clients, such asto be allowing
(E) clients; which might, as an instance, bethe
allowing of

I understand the solution of QG here, and it says B is wrong

"because it is a construction that produces an ungrammatical sequence of words with no clear meaning"

Would this be correct if B was "clients, as an instance, allowing"

Please let me know

thanks
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New post 25 Nov 2012, 02:58
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egmat wrote:



Hi,
Is B wrong only because it distorts the meaning?

Regards,
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New post 26 Nov 2012, 08:55
Sachin9 wrote:
Hi,
Is B wrong only because it distorts the meaning?

Regards,
Sachin


Hi Sachin,

Choice B is incorrect because use of "as an instance" is not correct here. The idiom by itself is not incorrect, but it is not correct the way it has been used here. And of course, there is a meaning issue in this sentence. This is explained in the video.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
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New post 26 Nov 2012, 08:59
egmat wrote:
Sachin9 wrote:
Hi,
Is B wrong only because it distorts the meaning?

Regards,
Sachin


Hi Sachin,

Choice B is incorrect because use of "as an instance" is not correct here. The idiom by itself is not incorrect, but it is not correct the way it has been used here. And of course, there is a meaning issue in this sentence. This is explained in the video.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Thanks Shraddha, Would request you to throw some light on the correct usage of the idiom. If it were to come on the GMAT, it will help us..
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New post 26 Nov 2012, 09:51
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Hi,

I will see if I can help you Sachin,

In this example 'for instance' means something similar to 'for example'. In this context, when giving an example on a point 'as an instance' is not the correct idion.

"as an instance" is not awful full stop, and there are times where it could be used. You can use it in the phrase 'as an instance of' to illustrate when one thing is an example of something else.

Hope that helps.

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New post Updated on: 26 Nov 2012, 10:29
Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the rules in favor of clients; auditors may, for instance, allow a questionable loan to remain on the books in order to maintain a bank’s profits on paper.
(A) clients; auditors may, for instance, allow semicolon separates two independent clause with use of subordinates. As an instance does not qualify as subordinate
(B) clients, as an instance, to allow Correct
(C) clients, like to allow like should not be used to introduce examples
(D) clients, such as to be allowingsuch as to be - awkward and wordy. It can be simply phrased as such as allowing
(E) clients; which might, as an instance, be the allowing of semicolon separates two independent clause. The second clause here does not qualify as independent clause

IMO, answer is B.

Originally posted by nanishora on 26 Nov 2012, 10:22.
Last edited by nanishora on 26 Nov 2012, 10:29, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 26 Nov 2012, 10:28
Hi, Nanishora,

E-gmat's video provides the full explanation and reasoning so I'd watch that.

However, briefly:

B is incorrect because both it distorts the meaning of the sentence, and 'as an instance' is incorrect.

'for instance' is correct here, as it shows that we are seeing one example of the practice explained in the opening section. It's essentially a synonym for 'for example'

Cheers,

James
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New post 26 Nov 2012, 18:38
plumber250 wrote:
Hi,

I will see if I can help you Sachin,

In this example 'for instance' means something similar to 'for example'. In this context, when giving an example on a point 'as an instance' is not the correct idion.

"as an instance" is not awful full stop, and there are times where it could be used. You can use it in the phrase 'as an instance of' to illustrate when one thing is an example of something else.

Hope that helps.

James


http://sentence.yourdictionary.com/instance

http://www.myenglishteacher.net/forexample.html

I checked the above 2 links as well. Have some good idea now.. Thanks for your reply.
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New post 22 Aug 2016, 19:08
lgon wrote:
Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the rules in favor of clients; auditors may, for instance, allow a questionable loan to remain on the books in order to maintain a bank’s profits on paper.


(A) clients; auditors may, for instance, allow
Pressure may be encouraging (clause) ; Auditors may allow (clause)

(B) clients, as an instance, to allow
as an instance is incorrect.
pressure may be encouraging auditors to bend....., to allow... (meaning wise wrong and not properly connected)

(C) clients, like to allow
there is no comparison. like is wrongly used here.

(D) clients, such as to be allowing
to be allowing is wrong here.

(E) clients; which might, as an instance, be the allowing of
semi colon and then which is wrong usage. no referent for which here.
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New post 17 Feb 2017, 07:57
Growing competitive pressures may be encouraging auditors to bend the rules in favor of clients; auditors may, for instance, allow a questionable loan to remain on the books in order to maintain a bank’s profits on paper.

Issues: Modifiers

Analysis:
1. The sentence presents a causation and supports it with an example (the underlined part). Hence, this sentence tests modifier to connect two clauses as well as markers to introduce examples.

(A) clients; auditors may, for instance, allow
- Correctly combines two independent clauses using ";"

(B) clients, as an instance, to allow
- "as an instance" and "to allow" is not connected properly

(C) clients, like to allow
- "like" is not used to present examples

(D) clients, such as to be allowing
- "to be" make the sentence non-sensical as it can not an example of "bent rules"

(E) clients; which might, as an instance, be the allowing of
- "; which" is a ungrammatical
- various clauses in this options are not connected properly


Answer: (A)
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New post 22 Sep 2018, 05:26
Can you please explain why.C is wrong?

jahnaviyeruva wrote:
(A) clients; auditors may, for instance, allow (For an instance is the right usage)
(B) clients, as an instance, to allow --- Perfect
(C) clients, like to allow ---- (like is used only for noun comparisions)
(D) clients, such as to be allowing (to be is wrongly used)
(E) clients; which might, as an instance, be the allowing of ( when ; is used the 2 statements sholud be mutually exclusive. But here the 2nd can't survive without the first)

Hence, IMO B


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