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If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are

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If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2009, 04:58
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If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are both even integers, which of the following must be an odd integer?

A. a/2
B. b/2
C. (a+b)/2
D. (a + 2)/2
E. (b+2)/2
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If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2009, 05:38
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zaarathelab wrote:
If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are both even integers, which of the following must be an odd integer?
A. a/2
B. b/2
C. (a+b)/2
D. (a + 2)/2
E. (b+2)/2


\(a-b\) even --> either both even or both odd

\(\frac{a}{b}\) even --> either both even or \(a\) is even and \(b\) is odd.

As both statements are true --> \(a\) and \(b\) must be even.

As \(\frac{a}{b}\) is an even integer --> \(a\) must be multiple of 4.


Options A is always even.

Options B can be even or odd.

Options C can be even or odd.

Options D: \(\frac{a+2}{2}=\frac{a}{2}+1\), as \(a\) is multiple of \(4\), \(\frac{a}{2}\) is even integer --> even+1=odd. Hence option D is always odd.

Options E can be even, odd.


Answer: D.
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Re: Even and Odd : GMATPrep  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2009, 07:30
Quote:
As \frac{a}{b} is an even integer --> a must be multiple of 4.


Bunuel, you are an absolute whiz

Yep the catch is that a has to be a multiple of 4 for a/b to be even

OA is D
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Re: Even and Odd : GMATPrep  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2009, 09:10
I didnt get why a has to be multiple of 4

Now if u take a as 4 and b as 2 then a-b is even a/b is even and a+b/2 is odd which is option C.

Please explain where i am going wrong?
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Re: Even and Odd : GMATPrep  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2009, 09:35
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sagarsabnis wrote:
I didnt get why a has to be multiple of 4

Now if u take a as 4 and b as 2 then a-b is even a/b is even and a+b/2 is odd which is option C.

Please explain where i am going wrong?


First question: Why \(a\) has to be multiple of 4?

As we concluded \(a\) and \(b\) have to be even integers to meet both conditions in the stem: \(a=2m\) and \(b=2n\).

Then we have \(\frac{a}{b}\) is an even integer: \(\frac{a}{b}=2k\) --> \(a=2bk=4kn\) --> \(a\) is a multiple of \(4\).

Second question: Option C also COULD give an even result, so why not C?

The question asks: "which of the following MUST be an odd integer?"

If we take \(a=16\) and \(b=4\), then \(\frac{a+b}{2}=10=even\). So option C may or may not be odd and we are asked to determine which option is ALWAYS odd, hence C is out.

In fact:
Options A is always even.
Options B can be even or odd.
Options C can be even or odd.
Options D is always odd.
Options E can be even or odd.

Only option which is always odd is D.

Hope it helps.
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Re: If a and b are positive integers  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2010, 08:45
1
Given:
a > 0, b > 0 and a, b are Integers

a - b and a/b are both even intergers
==> \(a - b = 2m_1\)
\(\frac{a}{b} = 2m_2\) ==> \(a = (b)(2m_2)\)
==> a & b are both even, otherwise the above conditions won't be satisfied.

Now lets go with options one by one ...
A) a/2
==> can be even or odd ( a = 6 or a = 8)

B) b/2
==> Can be either even or odd ( b = 6 or b = 8)

C) (a+b) /2
==> Since, \(a = (b)(2m_2)\), \(\frac{a + b}{2}\) =\(\frac {(b)(2m_2) + b}{2}\)
==> \(\frac{a + b}{2}\) =\(\frac {(b)(2m_2 + 1)}{2}\)
==> Can be even or odd

D) (a+2)/2
==> \(\frac{a + b}{2}\) =\(\frac{2bm_2 + 2}{2}\)
==> \(\frac{a + b}{2}\) =\(bm_2 + 1\)
==> Since, b is even, \(bm_2\) is even and \(bm_2 + 1\) is odd always

E) (b+2)/2
==> \(\frac{b+2}{2} = 1 + \frac{b}{2}\)
==> Can be even or odd
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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2013, 05:21
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zaarathelab wrote:
If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are both even integers, which of the following must be an odd integer?

A. a/2
B. b/2
C. (a+b)/2
D. (a + 2)/2
E. (b+2)/2


Given that (a-b) = even

Thus, \(b(\frac{a}{b}-1)\) = even --> as \(\frac{a}{b}\) is even, \((\frac{a}{b}-1)\) will be odd. Thus, b*odd = even--> b must be even

Thus, as a = b*2p --> a = 2l*2p = 4lp , where l,p are non-zero positive integers.

Thus,\(\frac{a}{2}\) + 1 = 2lp+1, which will always be an odd number.

D.
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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2019, 23:40
zaarathelab wrote:
If a and b are positive integers such that a – b and a/b are both even integers, which of the following must be an odd integer?

A. a/2
B. b/2
C. (a+b)/2
D. (a + 2)/2
E. (b+2)/2


The video solution is explained here.

Answer: Option D


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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a-b and a/b are  [#permalink]

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Re: If a and b are positive integers such that a-b and a/b are   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2019, 23:30
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