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If a < b , is a > 0 ?

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If a < b , is a > 0 ?  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2019, 21:13
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:45) correct 45% (01:52) wrong based on 41 sessions

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If a < b , is a > 0 ?

(1) \(a^2 < b^2\)
(2) \(a^2 < ab < b^2\)

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If a < b , is a > 0 ?  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2019, 00:55
1
If a < b , is a > 0 ?

(1) \(a^2<b^2\)

case(i)
Given a<b,
So, if a < 0 then \(a^2 > b^2\)
example a = -2 and b = -1, where a<b
\(a^2\) =4
\(b^2\) = 1
\(a^2 > b^2\)

But this is contradiction to (1) a^2<b^2 so a is non-negative

case (ii) if a = 0 or a lies between 0 to 1
then b>0 as b>a, which in turn implies \(b^2 > a^2\)

case (ii) a>0 (1) satisfies

for a = 0 it satisfies so I can not strictly say a>0

Insufficient

(2) \(a^2<ab<b^2\)
\(a^2 < ab\)
\(a^2-ab\) < 0
a*(a-b)<0 ---- equation 1
given a < b => (a-b) < 0

since a-b < 0 => a >0 in equation 1 [as (-ve)*(+ve) < 0]
Sufficient

Option B is correct
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Re: If a < b , is a > 0 ?  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2019, 04:51
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KanishkM wrote:
If a < b , is a > 0 ?

(1) \(a^2 < b^2\)
(2) \(a^2 < ab < b^2\)


St 1 :

a < b

\(a^2 < b^2\)

Case 1 : a = -2 , b = 3 No

Case 2 : a = 3 , b = 4 Yes

Not Sufficient

St 2 :

a < b .... Ineq1

\(a^2 <ab\)

i.e a * a < a * b

We have multiplied both sides of Ineq1 by a and the sign has not changed. So, a > 0

Sufficient

Choice B
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Re: If a < b , is a > 0 ?  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2019, 23:00
If a < b , is a > 0 ?

(1) \(a^2 < b^2\)..
\(a^2<b^2\) means |a|<|b|..
Let us see what |a|<|b| tells us
There can be two cases when |a|<|b| ..
a) b is positive.... then b>a
b) b is negative...then b<a..
These hold true irrespective of value of a

It is given b>a ... Therefore, we can just say b is positive and nothing about a..
example.. a=2 and b=4, OR a=-2 and b=4..
Insufficient

(2) \(a^2 < ab < b^2\)
\(a^2<ab......ab-a^2>0....a(b-a)>0\)
Now, we know b-a>0 as b>a, therefore a>0...
Since positive*positive>positive
Sufficient

B
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1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html
4) Base while finding % increase and % decrease : https://gmatclub.com/forum/percentage-increase-decrease-what-should-be-the-denominator-287528.html


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Re: If a < b , is a > 0 ?   [#permalink] 02 Jan 2019, 23:00
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