shasadou wrote:

If Jesse flips a coin seven times in a row, what is the probability that the result will be heads at least five times?

A. 21/128

B. 29/128

C. 35/128

D. 1/16

E. 1/4

We have 3 scenarios:

Scenario 1: 5 heads and 2 tails (e.g., H-H-H-H-H-T-T)

P(H-H-H-H-H-T-T) = (1/2)^7 = 1/128

Number of ways to arrange H-H-H-H-H-T-T = 7C5 = 7!/(5! x 2!) = (7 x 6)/2 = 21

Thus, the probability of this scenario is 1/128 x 21 = 21/128.

Scenario 2: 6 heads and 1 tail (e.g., H-H-H-H-H-H-T)

P(H-H-H-H-H-H-T) = (1/2)^7 = 1/128

Number of ways to arrange H-H-H-H-H-H-T = 7C6 = 7!/6! = 7

Thus the probability of this scenario is 1/128 x 7 = 7/128.

Scenario 3: all 7 heads (i.e., H-H-H-H-H-H-H)

P(H-H-H-H-H-H-H) = (1/2)^7 = 1/128

So, P(at least 5 heads) = 21/128 + 7/128 + 1/128 = 29/128.

Answer: B

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