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If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the

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If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2012, 08:47
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If \(r=0.345\), \(s=0.345^2\), and \(t=\sqrt{0.345}\), which of the following is the correct ordering of \(r\), \(s\), and \(t\) ?

A. r < s < t
B. r < t < s
C. s < t < r
D. s < r < t
E. t < r < s

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Re: If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2015, 20:24
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Hi All,

This prompt showcases some great Number Property rules that you're likely to face (in some way or another) on the Official GMAT.

Regardless of the actual numbers involved, IF you're dealing with a positive fraction (meaning a value that is greater than 0 and less than 1), then there are some rules to remember...

1) Squaring that fraction will make the result SMALLER
2) Square-rooting that fraction will make the result BIGGER

Here are some additional Number Property rules for NEGATIVE fractions (meaning a value that is less than 0 and greater than -1)....

1) Squaring that fraction will make the result BIGGER (since squaring a negative creates a positive) AND the result will be CLOSER to 0.
2) Cubing that fraction will make the result BIGGER (since the result will be closer to 0).

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If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2015, 13:22
If \(r=0.345\), \(s=0.345^2\), and \(t=\sqrt{0.345}\), which of the following is the correct ordering of \(r\), \(s\), and \(t\) ?

A. r < s < t
B. r < t < s
C. s < t < r
D. s < r < t
E. t < r < s

If \(x\) is in the range \(0<x<1\) then: \(0<x^2<x<\sqrt{x}<1\).

Consider the simpler example: if \(x=\frac{1}{4}\) then \(0<\frac{1}{16}<\frac{1}{4}<\frac{1}{2}<1\).

So, \(s<r<t\).

Answer: D.
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Re: If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2015, 19:53
girikorat wrote:
If r = 0.345, s = (0.345)^2, and t = sqrt(0.345) , which of the following is the correct ordering of r, s, and t ?

A. r < s < t
B. r < t < s
C. s < t < r
D. s < r < t
E. t < r < s


CONCEPT:For solving any such question, One must know that

1) If 0<x<1, then the higher powers of x result in smaller numbers and lower powers of x result in a bigger number
2) If x>1, then the higher powers of x result in Bigger numbers and lower powers of x result in a Smaller number




Here since 0.345 is between 0 and 1 therefore

the number with the highest power i.e. s must be least
and the number with the Lowest power i.e. t must be Biggest number

therefore s < r < t

Answer: Option
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Re: If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2015, 21:06
Hi All,

This question is based on a couple of important Number Property rules regarding positive fractions (between 0 and 1):

1) When 'squaring' a positive fraction, the result gets SMALLER (e.g.. (1/2)^2 = 1/4).

Since 'square-rooting' is the opposite of 'squaring'....

2) When 'square-rooting' a positive fraction, the result gets BIGGER.

While these rules are not tested that often on the Official GMAT, it's likely that you'll be tested on either or both at least once on Test Day.

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Re: If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2016, 10:08
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Bunuel wrote:
If \(r=0.345\), \(s=0.345^2\), and \(t=\sqrt{0.345}\), which of the following is the correct ordering of \(r\), \(s\), and \(t\) ?

A. r < s < t
B. r < t < s
C. s < t < r
D. s < r < t
E. t < r < s


Let \(r = 0.36\) ; \(s = 0.36^2\) & \(t = \sqrt{0.36}\)

So, \(r = 0.36 , s ≈ 0.13\) & \(t = 0.60\)

Thus, \(s < r < t = 0.13 < 0.36 < 0.60\)

Hence, answer will be (D) \(s < r < t\)
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Re: If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2017, 09:14
Bunuel wrote:
If \(r=0.345\), \(s=0.345^2\), and \(t=\sqrt{0.345}\), which of the following is the correct ordering of \(r\), \(s\), and \(t\) ?

A. r < s < t
B. r < t < s
C. s < t < r
D. s < r < t
E. t < r < s


Since r is a positive decimal between 0 and 1, s = r^2 and t = √r. We see that when r is raised to a power > 1, its value decreases, and when it is raised to a power < 1, its value increases (recall that square root means ½ power). Thus, the correct ordering is s < r < t.

Answer: D
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Re: If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2018, 12:56

Solution



Given:
    • r=0.345
    • s=\(0.345^2\)
    • t=√0.345

To find:
    • The correct order of r, s, and t among the given options.

Approach and Working

For 0< x <1:
    • On increasing the power of x, the value of power of x will decrease.
      o For example: 0.5 >\(0.5^2\)

    • On decreasing the power of x, the value of power of x will increase.
      o For example: \(0.5^2\) < 0.5

Thus, we can conclude that: s< r and r <t
• Hence, s < <r < t

Correct answer: Option D
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Re: If r=0.345, s=(0.345)^2, and t=root(0.345), which of the &nbs [#permalink] 28 Oct 2018, 12:56
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