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If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu

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If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Jan 2019, 05:38
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A
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Question Stats:

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If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are reduced even further, international news reports have been and will continue to diminish in number and quality.


(A) have been and will continue to diminish

(B) have and will continue to diminish

(C) will continue to diminish, as they already did,

(D) will continue to diminish, as they have already,

(E) will continue to diminish


Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 83
Page: 249

Originally posted by sagarsabnis on 16 Jan 2010, 15:22.
Last edited by Bunuel on 17 Jan 2019, 05:38, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2014, 09:35
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This Question is part of Question Pack 1

If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are reduced even further, international news reports have been and will continue to diminish in number and quality.

(A) have been and will continue to diminish -> Will continue to diminish provides a sense that they are diminishing already. Have been is not required.
Have been diminishing -> is the correct construction. Diminishing can be ellipsed when "diminishing" is used somewhere else in the sentence


(B) have and will continue to diminish -> Will continue to diminish provides a sense that they are diminishing already. Have been is not required.
have diminished -> "Diminished" can be ellipsed when "diminished" is already used somewhere else in the sentence


(C) will continue to diminish, as they already did, -> Will continue to diminish provides a sense that they are diminishing already. Past tense is not required
(D) will continue to diminish, as they have already, -> Will continue to diminish provides a sense that they are diminishing already. Present perfect tense is not required as continue provides the required context.

(E) will continue to diminish -> Correct.
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2010, 16:12
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sagarsabnis wrote:
If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are reduced even further, international news reports have been and will continue to diminish in number and quality.

(A) have been and will continue to diminish
(B) have and will continue to diminish
(C) will continue to diminish, as they already did,
(D) will continue to diminish, as they have already,
(E) will continue to diminish

Please can some one explain in detail?



E keeps it simple. The others are too wordy. Will continue implies they are already diminishing, hence the reasons "have been" and "already have" are not needed.
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2014, 11:26
In A, diminishing is missing after have been.
In B, diminished is missing after have.
In C, did is incorrect.
D is wordy. Also, the use of have is unclear.
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2015, 08:25
Hi guys,

Even if this isn't relevant to this questions in particular, can someone explain if number 2 is correct and which is the key difference between both? I mean, I understand that number one is a prepositional phrase and that number two is a infinitive phrase. What I don't understand is whether to use one or the other. Cheers.
1.If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are reduced even further, international news reports have been and will continue to diminish in number and quality;
2.If the proposed expenditures to gather information abroad are reduced even further, international news reports have been and will continue to diminish in number and quality.
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 01:59
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This question is part of gmatprep someone please add that source
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 08:53
haardiksharma wrote:
This question is part of gmatprep someone please add that source


Done that, Kudos for pointing out...

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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2018, 11:30
sagarsabnis wrote:
If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are reduced even further, international news reports have been and will continue to diminish in number and quality.

(A) have been and will continue to diminish
(B) have and will continue to diminish
(C) will continue to diminish, as they already did,
(D) will continue to diminish, as they have already,
(E) will continue to diminish

Please can some one explain in detail?


IMO this question is If then conditional type of question in which few set rules follow

if {present clause}, then {present / future clause} ; no need to add past,and past perfect tenses.

So only option E follows it clearly.

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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2018, 16:02
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irishiraj87 wrote:
sagarsabnis wrote:
If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are reduced even further, international news reports have been and will continue to diminish in number and quality.

(A) have been and will continue to diminish
(B) have and will continue to diminish
(C) will continue to diminish, as they already did,
(D) will continue to diminish, as they have already,
(E) will continue to diminish

Please can some one explain in detail?


IMO this question is If then conditional type of question in which few set rules follow

if {present clause}, then {present / future clause} ; no need to add past,and past perfect tenses.

So only option E follows it clearly.

R.



Hello irishiraj87,


Your approach is correct to solve this official sentence. :thumbup:

Thanks. :-)
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 10:37
This sentence is based on the conditional construction if x happens, then y will happen. In this case, x is proposed expenditures and the present-tense verb is are reduced; y is news reports, but the verb is incorrect. The construction calls for a verb in the future tense, will continue to diminish.

A Have been is the wrong verb tense; the construction is also not grammatical
B Have is the wrong verb tense; the construction is also not grammatical
C As they already did is awkward and redundant; continue expresses this idea
D As they have already is awkward and redundant; continue expresses this idea
E Correct. Will continue to diminish provides the correct future-tense verb for the conditional construction in this sentence.
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2019, 01:07
+1 for E

will continue to diminish- keeps it simple, removing any redundancy and yet logically conveying the intended meaning.
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Re: If the proposed expenditures for gathering information abroad are redu   [#permalink] 02 Aug 2019, 01:07
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