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If x and y are positive integers, is x even?

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If x and y are positive integers, is x even?  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 01:30
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (01:44) correct 40% (01:43) wrong based on 141 sessions

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Re: If x and y are positive integers, is x even?  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 01:41
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH QUESTION



If x and y are positive integers, is x odd?

(1) x - 2y is a prime number
(2) x + 2y is a prime number


St1
Lets put in values:
X=7 and y=2 then X-2Y = 3 = prime, X is odd
X = 4 and Y=2 then X-2Y = 2 = prime, X is even
So Statement 1 is not sufficient.

St 2
Now as 2 is the only even prime number and we already have 2Y which is multiple of 2, so any even valve of X will result in event number which will not be a prime number.
Hence X for 2nd case has to be odd for X+2Y to be prime number

Statement 2 is sufficient

Answer: option B
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Re: If x and y are positive integers, is x even?  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 01:56
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH QUESTION



If x and y are positive integers, is x odd?

(1) x - 2y is a prime number
(2) x + 2y is a prime number


Solution :-

x and y are greater than zero.

Statement 1:- x - 2y is a prime number

Let's take some example.

i) X IS ODD

x= 9 and y=2. x-2y = 9-2(2) = 5 is a prime number. And x is odd is TRUE.

ii) X IS even
x= 4 and y = 1. x-2y = 4 - 2(1) = 2 is a prime number. And x is not odd. So FALSE.

It implies even if x-2y is prime number, x can be odd or even.

Hence insufficient.

Statement 2: - x + 2y is a prime number.

We can do this using numbers too. But let's try thinking in terms of odd/even and prime number.

We know that 2 is the only even prime number.

Also it is given that x and y is greater that zero. So let's assume minimum value of y =1.

That means Statement 2 is x + 2 is prime numbers.

It implies that x cannot be 2. If x =2, then x+2 = 2+2 =4 is not a prime number.

In other words. x has to be odd in order to make x+2y as prime.

Hence Statement 2 is Sufficient.

Ans -B.

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Re: If x and y are positive integers, is x even?  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 04:07
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Re: If x and y are positive integers, is x even?  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2018, 07:00
Bunuel wrote:

GMAT CLUB'S FRESH QUESTION



If x and y are positive integers, is x odd?

(1) x - 2y is a prime number
(2) x + 2y is a prime number


The point to remember in this question is that x and y are given as positive integers, therefore x and y can take values such as 1, 2, 3...

Now, we need to check if x can be expressed as 2n+1

1) Given x-2y is prime

Here, 2y will be at least 2 (since lowest value y can take is 1)
This shows that x can take values such as 4 or 5:
If x is 4, then x-2y=4-2=2 (which is a prime number). Thus, x is even
and
If x is 5, then x-2y=5-2=3 (which is a prime number). Thus, x is odd

Since, we cannot conclusive check if x will be even or odd, this is insufficient.

2) Given x+2y is prime

Here, again 2y will be at least 2 (since lowest value y can take is 1)

Now, we need to check only for values 2 and 3 because all prime numbers that are greater than 2 are odd.

If x+2y=2, x can only take value 0 which is not possible since x has to a positive integer. In fact, x can never take 2 as a value in order to satisfy this equation.

If x+2y=3, then x=1 (which is odd). Thus, we have safely concluded that no even value of x can make x+2y result in a prime number. Hence, this is sufficient

Answer is B
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Re: If x and y are positive integers, is x even?   [#permalink] 28 Dec 2018, 07:00
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