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# If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5

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Joined: 15 Sep 2011
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If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 May 2017, 06:24
1
7
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

64% (02:10) correct 36% (01:43) wrong based on 218 sessions

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If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)?

(1) x – y = 5
(2) xy^2= 18

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/if-xy-6-what ... 67646.html

Originally posted by myfish on 27 Apr 2012, 09:39.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 May 2017, 06:24, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question and added the OA
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52161
Re: If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5  [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2012, 09:48
3
1
If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)?

(1) $$x-y=5$$ --> $$x=y+5$$ --> $$xy=(y+5)y=-6$$ --> $$y^2+5y+6=0$$ --> $$y=-3$$ or $$y=-2$$. If $$y=-3$$ then $$x=y+5=2$$ so $$xy(x+y)=-6(x+y)=6$$. But if $$y=-2$$ then $$x=y+5=3$$ so $$xy(x+y)=-6(x+y)=-6$$. Two different answers, hence not sufficient.

(2) $$x*y^2=18$$ --> $$xy*y=-6*y=18$$ --> $$y=-3$$ --> $$x=2$$ --> $$xy(x+y)=-6(x+y)=6$$. Sufficient.

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Re: If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5  [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2012, 09:52
Bunuel wrote:
If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)?

(1) $$x-y=5$$ --> $$x=y+5$$ --> $$xy=(y+5)y=-6$$ --> $$y^2+5y+6=0$$ --> $$y=-3$$ or $$y=-2$$. If $$y=-3$$ then $$x=y+5=2$$ so $$xy(x+y)=-6(x+y)=6$$. But if $$y=-2$$ then $$x=y+5=3$$ so $$xy(x+y)=-6(x+y)=-6$$. Two different answers, hence not sufficient.

(2) $$x*y^2=18$$ --> $$xy*y=-6*y=18$$ --> $$y=-3$$ --> $$x=2$$ --> $$xy(x+y)=-6(x+y)=6$$. Sufficient.

B is OA, thank you!!!
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Re: If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 08:39
roopika2990 wrote:
If xy = -6 , what is the value of xy(x+y ) ?
(1) x – y = 5
(2)xy^2 = 48

xy=-6 ----> x=-6/y

S1) x-y=5 ---------------> x=y+5 -------------> -6/y=y+5 --------> y^2 + 5y + 6 = 0 -------> y = -3 or -2 two values for y so not sufficiesnt

S2) xy^2 = 48 -------> We know x=-6/y -------> therefore (-6/y)(y^2)=48 -------> -6y = 48 -------> y = -8 and x = 6/8 so now we can calculate the value of xy(x+y) hence statement is sufficient

Regards,

Abhijit
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Re: If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 10:36
$$(x+y)^2 = (x-y)^2+4xy$$

= 5^2+4(-6) = 25-24 = 1

From F.S 1, we know that (x+y)^2 will have two values 1 and -1. Hence, insufficient.

But, from F.S 2, we know that y will have only one value. Thus sufficient. No need to solve for either of the options.

B.
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Re: If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 18:05
Looking for advice on this question.

I got this question right but could easily have gotten it wrong. For stmt II I figured out that I could plug in -6 for xy and then calculate the equation of -6y=18, which allowed me to solve for y. However for stmt I I eliminated it because although I recognized that from the stmt I could derive that both x and y are not decimals, one is positive and one is negative, and either x or y could equal -6 and the other 1 - I was suspicious that I could count on those values so I eliminated it.

Looking at the OA I see that the proper approach would have been to use factorization.

My question is - how was I supposed to intuitively know to use factorization with stmt I?

I am decent with algebra when I know the typical rules and common properties... Trouble is I've taught myself algebra from scratch using various gmat guides and so my knowledge is spotty. If anyone has any recommendations for any bare bones algebra books I'd appreciate it. I'm rewriting in 1.5 weeks.

Right now I'm trying to improve my algebra through drilling and examining my right and wrong answers.
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52161
Re: If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5  [#permalink]

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05 May 2017, 06:24
myfish wrote:
If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)?

(1) x – y = 5
(2) xy^2= 18

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/if-xy-6-what ... 67646.html

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: https://gmatclub.com/forum/if-xy-6-what ... 67646.html
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Re: If xy = – 6, what is the value of xy(x + y)? (1) x – y = 5 &nbs [#permalink] 05 May 2017, 06:24
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