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# In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process

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In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 00:01
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (01:45) correct 51% (01:44) wrong based on 533 sessions

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In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process that involves many people. There is no one person who has the authority to decide whether a project will process or not. As a consequence, in bureaucracies, risky projects are never undertaken.

The conclusion follows logically from the premises if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) All projects in a bureaucracy require risk.
(B) Decisive individuals choose not to work in a bureaucracy.
(C) An individual who has decision-making power will take risks.
(D) The only risky projects undertaken are those for which a single individual has decision-making power.
(E) People sometimes take risks as individuals that they would not take as part of a group.

Source: LSAT

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Re: In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 08:39
broall wrote:
In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process that involves many people. There is no one person who has the authority to decide whether a project will process or not. As a consequence, in bureaucracies, risky projects are never undertaken.

The conclusion follows logically from the premises if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) All projects in a bureaucracy require risk.
(B) Decisive individuals choose not to work in a bureaucracy.
(C) An individual who has decision-making power will take risks.
(D) The only risky projects undertaken are those for which a single individual has decision-making power.
(E) People sometimes take risks as individuals that they would not take as part of a group.

Source: LSAT

IMO , option D has to be true to prove the conclusion.
Negating it, would mean that risky projects can be undertaken by either single individual or by a group of people. This is directly opposite to what we need to prove.
Option E. comes close to what we need. However, with the word sometimes the author introduces a circumstance in which people do not take risk as an individual.
So, this doesn't clear the air.
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Re: In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2017, 09:11
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broall wrote:
In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process that involves many people. There is no one person who has the authority to decide whether a project will process or not. As a consequence, in bureaucracies, risky projects are never undertaken.

The conclusion follows logically from the premises if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) All projects in a bureaucracy require risk.
(B) Decisive individuals choose not to work in a bureaucracy.
(C) An individual who has decision-making power will take risks.
(D) The only risky projects undertaken are those for which a single individual has decision-making power.
(E) People sometimes take risks as individuals that they would not take as part of a group.

Source: LSAT

I would go with D on this one.

Conclusion: In bureaucracies, risky projects are never undertaken.

Premises mention that bureaucracies do not have a decision-making authority and that all decisions in a bureaucracy are arrived at by a process involving many people.

What should we add in order to conclude that risky projects are NEVER undertaken in bureaucracies? The language of the premises and conclusion suggests that the assumption should not merely be a generalisation and that the assumption should have a closer to extreme language, since the conclusion has that.

A) All projects in a bureaucracy require risk. - Incorrect. This wouldn't help the premise because it doesn't talk about all projects undertaken by bureaucracy, but only about bureaucracies' attitude towards risky projects.
(B) Decisive individuals choose not to work in a bureaucracy. - Incorrect. This would be too extreme. Again assuming this would make us conclude that no projects are undertaken in bureaucracies.
(C) An individual who has decision-making power will take risks. - Close, but incorrect. The language is too generalised. We are concerned with risky projects and not just risks.
(D) The only risky projects undertaken are those for which a single individual has decision-making power. - Correct. If we negate this statement, it would mean that there are a few risky projects which could be undertaken by deciding within the group. Therefore, it discounts the conclusion.
(E) People sometimes take risks as individuals that they would not take as part of a group. - Close, but incorrect. The mention of the word "sometimes" does not bode well with the use of the word "never" in conclusion.

Hence, D.
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Re: In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2018, 08:14
E is wrong because from E it follows that there can be at least two kinds of risks a) risks that people take as individuals but not in groups. b) risks that people would not take as individuals but may take as part of a group.
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Re: In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2018, 00:40
I was confused between D and E
I chooses E over D as it is already mentioned in the passage that in bureaucracies, risky projects are never undertaken.
So how come in D risky project can be taken ?
Also why is E incorrect
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Re: In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2018, 01:50
please explain why e is wrong?
Re: In a bureaucracy, all decisions are arrived at by a process   [#permalink] 30 Dec 2018, 01:50
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