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# In a certain city, the ratio of number of people who

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VP
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1018
In a certain city, the ratio of number of people who [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2008, 09:19
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In a certain city, the ratio of number of people who purchase newspaper X to the number of people who purchase newspaper Y is 7:1. What percent of the population purchases newspaper Y.

(1) 27% of the population purchases neither newspaper X nor newspaper Y
(2) 70% of the people who purchase newspaper Y also purchase newspaper X

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Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2008
Posts: 265
Location: Motortown
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2008, 13:14
amitdgr wrote:
In a certain city, the ratio of number of people who purchase newspaper X to the number of people who purchase newspaper Y is 7:1. What percent of the population purchases newspaper Y.

(1) 27% of the population purchases neither newspaper X nor newspaper Y
(2) 70% of the people who purchase newspaper Y also purchase newspaper X

A
x:y :: 7:1

1. 73% will buy either x or yor both - This is where I feel I could be making the mistake
8a = 73%
a = 9.1%
Y = 9.1% - Sufficeint

2. In Suff
Retired Moderator
Joined: 05 Jul 2006
Posts: 1741
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2008, 13:35
amitdgr wrote:
In a certain city, the ratio of number of people who purchase newspaper X to the number of people who purchase newspaper Y is 7:1. What percent of the population purchases newspaper Y.

(1) 27% of the population purchases neither newspaper X nor newspaper Y
(2) 70% of the people who purchase newspaper Y also purchase newspaper X

y = x , x = 7x

population say = 1000

from 1

730/8.........suff

from 2

insuff

A
VP
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1018
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2008, 00:58
Given OA is C
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Posts: 1502
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2008, 23:15
amitdgr wrote:
Given OA is C

Amit, could you check if something is missing in the question posted? With the current wordings, A seems to be sufficient.
VP
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1018
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2008, 23:39
attaching the screen-shot.

Attachments

File comment: Kaplan CAT screen-shot

kaptest.jpg [ 106.86 KiB | Viewed 1259 times ]

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Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2008, 01:00
Thanks Amit for the posting. Now I understand what I was overlooking. Basically, the raio of 7:1 is of numbers and from stmt1: we only know of the percentage of union. Hence, this will not be sufficient to get the desired ratio.
VP
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Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2008, 01:08
scthakur wrote:
Thanks Amit for the posting. Now I understand what I was overlooking. Basically, the raio of 7:1 is of numbers and from stmt1: we only know of the percentage of union. Hence, this will not be sufficient to get the desired ratio.

how do we calculate using the 2 statements ?
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Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2008, 01:20
amitdgr wrote:
scthakur wrote:
Thanks Amit for the posting. Now I understand what I was overlooking. Basically, the raio of 7:1 is of numbers and from stmt1: we only know of the percentage of union. Hence, this will not be sufficient to get the desired ratio.

how do we calculate using the 2 statements ?

Suppose, p is the total population then
from stmt1: 0.73p = XUY = X + Y + X intersection Y = 8Y + X intersection Y....insufficient.

From stmt2: X intersection Y = 0.7Y.

Combining two,
0.73p = 8.7Y and hence, Y/p can be determined.
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Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2008, 03:33
I found my mistake too
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 831
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 15:34
Question stem:
Let P=population
X/Y = 7
Y/P=?
_______________

XuY - union of X and Y
X_Y - intersection of X and Y

Stmt 1: X_Y/P=0.27
Stmt 2: Y/XuY=0.7

Neither statement alone is suff. So, either C or E.
P=X+Y-XuY+X_Y - we need to see if we can make this expression consisting of P and Y only.
From stem: X=7Y;
from stmt1: X_Y=0.27P
from stmt2: XuY=Y/0.7
Replacing for the above we have : P = 7Y + Y- Y/0.7 +0.27P;
We can bring the above to Y/P form. So answer should be C.
Let me know you spot any mistake.
Intern
Joined: 29 Nov 2008
Posts: 4
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 20:42
I also choose C.

Statement 1 provides us the total percentage of population who buy newspaper, that is 73% total population. but it is insufficient to conclude that in this 73%, the people buy A:B = 7:1 because many people buy B also buy A.

we put the number who buy B = X, then according to the ratio A:B = 7:1 then number buy A = 7X. So the number who buy newspaper could be X+7X subtract the number of people who buy both A and B = total 73% population

Use the statement 2, we know that 70% people buy B also buy A and we have this number equal to 0.7X. This number should be subtracted from the total.

Then we get X+7X - 0.7X = 7.3X = 73% population => x =10%.

So it is C
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Joined: 10 Aug 2008
Posts: 73
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2008, 10:08
scthakur wrote:
amitdgr wrote:
scthakur wrote:
Thanks Amit for the posting. Now I understand what I was overlooking. Basically, the raio of 7:1 is of numbers and from stmt1: we only know of the percentage of union. Hence, this will not be sufficient to get the desired ratio.

how do we calculate using the 2 statements ?

Suppose, p is the total population then
from stmt1: 0.73p = XUY = X + Y + X intersection Y = 8Y + X intersection Y....insufficient.

From stmt2: X intersection Y = 0.7Y.

Combining two,
0.73p = 8.7Y and hence, Y/p can be determined.

Why you put X + Y = 8Y, 8Y also include those population which buy both X & Y. SO for me you can't replace it directly.

I still think there is issue in question it self. If question is such that :
ONLY paper Y
Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2008
Posts: 57
Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2008, 15:48
I concur with amitgupta that the questions should be " Y only ".

--== Message from GMAT Club Team ==--

This is not a quality discussion. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

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Re: DS : Kaplan : Percentages   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2008, 15:48
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