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# In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of

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Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2016
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Aug 2017, 07:23
1
7
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (00:54) correct 24% (00:53) wrong based on 599 sessions

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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

the correct answer in this question is choice D, here is answer explanation in official guide:

the last part of the sentence describes the breakwater and should consist of two grammatically parallel phrases, absorbing ... and protecting, in order to show two equal functions. Act followed by like means to behave or comport oneself and describes the action of a person: He acted like a fool. Here, act as describes the function of a thing; the breakwater ... acts as a bu er. As an inanimate object, a breakwater cannot “behave” itself; it must be performing some function

i do understand the explanation thoroughly but i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject

Originally posted by sepehrsafari on 21 Jun 2016, 01:28.
Last edited by hazelnut on 17 Aug 2017, 07:23, edited 3 times in total.
Formatted the Q.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 02:27
1
sepehrsafari wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

the correct answer in this question is choice D, here is answer explanation in official guide:

the last part of the sentence describes the breakwater and should consist of two grammatically parallel phrases, absorbing ... and protecting, in order to show two equal functions. Act followed by like means to behave or comport oneself and describes the action of a person: He acted like a fool. Here, act as describes the function of a thing; the breakwater ... acts as a bu er. As an inanimate object, a breakwater cannot “behave” itself; it must be performing some function

i do understand the explanation thoroughly but i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject

Hi .... OA is C

It is a //sm question.

https://e-gmat.com/blog/official-guide-solutions/sentence-correction-og/in-a-plan-to-stop-the-erosion
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 04:25
1
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...
{Parallelism 2}
absorbing ... and protecting

Therefore, ans: C
Manager
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Posts: 149
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 06:47
1
smartyman wrote:
My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...

I feel that "to shore" and "(to) act" is not the Parallelism that is being tested here.

Parallelism is between "rise" and "act".
Intern
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Posts: 4
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 06:51
sukanyar wrote:
smartyman wrote:
My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...

I feel that "to shore" and "(to) act" is not the Parallelism that is being tested here.

Parallelism is between "rise" and "act".

hi, thank you for your response but as i'd mentioned before, i DO understand the issue with parallelism but i do understand the explanation i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject
Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2016
Posts: 4
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 06:51
smartyman wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...
{Parallelism 2}
absorbing ... and protecting

Therefore, ans: C

hi, thank you for your response but as i'd mentioned before, i DO understand the issue with parallelism but i do understand the explanation i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject
Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2013
Posts: 149
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 06:55
sepehrsafari wrote:
i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject

There is independent clause after "and".

a breakwater of rocks would rise six feet above the waterline and (a breakwater of rocks would) act as a buffer

So, "breakwater of rocks" is the subject and "would act" is verb.
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Posts: 5901
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 07:54
1
sepehrsafari wrote:
smartyman wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...
{Parallelism 2}
absorbing ... and protecting

Therefore, ans: C

hi, thank you for your response but as i'd mentioned before, i DO understand the issue with parallelism but i do understand the explanation i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject

Hi,

AND has a role as coordinating conjunction, but it is not that it has to join ONLY two ICs..
I like to eat pasta and pizza....
there are no ICs... It is just one clause joining similar items..

same is the case here..
a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer,
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 11:34
chetan2u wrote:
sepehrsafari wrote:
smartyman wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...
{Parallelism 2}
absorbing ... and protecting

Therefore, ans: C

hi, thank you for your response but as i'd mentioned before, i DO understand the issue with parallelism but i do understand the explanation i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject

Hi,

AND has a role as coordinating conjunction, but it is not that it has to join ONLY two ICs..
I like to eat pasta and pizza....
there are no ICs... It is just one clause joining similar items..

same is the case here..
a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer,

hi thank you so much i actually guessed so, but i don't know how to differ AND as a coordinating conjunction with its other usages.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2016, 11:09
sepehrsafari wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

the correct answer in this question is choice D

sepehrsafari

https://e-gmat.com/blog/official-guide- ... he-erosion

http://gmat.magoosh.com/forum/3428-in-a ... he-erosion

http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-12-ing-mo ... 68884.html
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 20:23
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Is n't subject of sentence is Army crops? Comma+ing modifies the entire action of proceding clause. and it APPLIES TO THE SUBJECT of that clause; Here is it Army crops_________________, absorbing.

Why C is correct?
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 23:14
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Is n't subject of sentence is Army crops? Comma+ing modifies the entire action of proceding clause. and it APPLIES TO THE SUBJECT of that clause; Here is it Army crops_________________, absorbing.

Why C is correct?

IMO

the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer,absorbing...

we have two clauses here , one having subject "Army corps" and one having "that" clause .The subject of "that" clause is "breakwater of rocks".Absorbing is modifying the subject in "that" clause .
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2017, 23:19
that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

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Posts: 211
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2017, 12:36
I am a little confused here with like vs as.

My understanding is that like is used for noun and as is used for a noun + verb clause. Here, a buffer is a noun, so shouldn't we use like?

Can someone please clarify this? mikemcgarry
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2017, 13:21
pra1785 wrote:
I am a little confused here with like vs as.

My understanding is that like is used for noun and as is used for a noun + verb clause. Here, a buffer is a noun, so shouldn't we use like?

Can someone please clarify this? mikemcgarry

Dear pra1785,

I'm happy to respond.

The rule "like for noun, as for verb" is a useful general pattern, but it's far from the last word on comparisons. There are specific idioms associated with the verb "act" that break this pattern. See:
A Tricky GMAT Idiom: “act like” vs. “act as”

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2017, 07:04
mikemcgarry,

Yes! This makes so much sense now. I wasn't aware of this rule. thank you.
Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2017, 07:04
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