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In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the

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New post 11 Nov 2019, 23:07
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Project SC Butler: Day 190 Sentence Correction (SC2)


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In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically


A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word

E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word

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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Project SC Butler: Day 190: Sentence Correction (SC2)



• HIGHLIGHTS

This question tests whether the X and Y elements in the idiom Both X and Y are parallel.
Think of the idiom as having these "fence posts" at beginning and end: || both X and Y ||
The word "both" marks the beginning of the parallel structure.

GMAC frequently tests parallelism by placing prepositions and other words in different places in the sentence.

Those words should be placed once outside the structure || both X and Y ||
or twice inside that structure.

I elaborate on this "once outside, twice inside" concept below the POE.

THE PROMPT
Quote:
In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically.


THE OPTIONS

Quote:
A) In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically.

• Not parallel. The marker for the whole structure is both. The marker for the X element is both. The marker for the Y element is and.
X = an across word, which is entered horizontally
Y = of a down word, which is entered vertically

Wrong: OF is placed once outside, once inside [the structure, whose beginning and end I have marked with parallel lines]
The incorrect structure we see here is
. . . a single letter that is part OF || both X and OF Y ||
We need the OF to be placed once outside (as in B) or twice inside the idiomatic expression.
Eliminate A

Quote:
B) In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is entered vertically.

• The X and Y elements are parallel
X = an across word, which is entered horizontally
Y = a down word, which is entered vertically

• The word OF is correctly placed once outside the correlative conjunction.
. . . a single letter that is part OF || both X and Y ||
KEEP

Quote:
C) In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word entered horizontally and ofa down word entered vertically.

• X and Y are not parallel
X = an across word entered horizontally
Y = of a down word entered vertically

wrong: OF is placed once outside and once inside
Similar to Option A, we have:
. . . a single letter that is part OF || both an across word entered horizontally and OF a down word entered vertically ||
Eliminate C

Quote:
D) In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word entered vertically.

• X and Y are not parallel
X = part of an across word entered horizontally
Y = of a down word entered vertically

• OF is correctly placed twice inside, but PART is placed only once inside.
If a word is "inside" a structure such as this one, whatever describes X does not automatically carry over or distribute to Y

wrong: PART is placed once inside
-- wrong: . . . a single letter that is || both part of X and of Y ||
-- corrected:. . . a single letter that is || both part of X and part of Y ||
Eliminate D

Quote:
E) In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word entered vertically.

as well as is incorrect
-- the idiom is Both X and Y, not Both X as well as Y
-- idioms are strict. We cannot replace and with as well as.
-- Be careful with as well as. Most of the time, the phrase is used improperly.
P and Q means that P and Q are equally important.
P as well as Q means that Q is not as important as P.
See this post, here for more details.

• X and Y are not parallel.
X = part of an across word entered horizontally
Y = a down word entered vertically

wrong: part of is incorrectly placed once inside
-- wrong: . . . letter that is ||both part of X as well as Y||
Corrected: . . . a single letter that is both part of an across word entered horizontally and part of a down word entered vertically
Eliminate E

The answer is B

• NOTES

PARALLELISM

Although quite a few posters found this question easy, if the question was hard for you, do not worry.
I think that parallelism combined with strict idiomatic structure is hard.

If you find it difficult to decide whether a preposition distributes or to decide whether X and Y are parallel, I would learn this "once outside, twice inside" approach.
Let's use another correlative conjunction, Either X or Y.
How would we place the preposition in? Answer: Once outside or twice inside.
Correct, once outside: I believe that he studied in || either England or France.||
Correct, twice inside: I believe that he studied ||either in England or in France.||
Wrong, once inside, once outside: I believe that he studied in ||either England or in France.||

Verbs can also create problems.
One question I posted for Butler involves yet another idiom and a verb that creates parallelism issues.
You can find that question here.

COMMENTS

Whoops. Hours ago, I typed but forgot to post this answer. :upsidedown
I think I need to close some tabs.

knock4me (great username), welcome to SC Butler. :)

Most of these answers range from very good to excellent.
Some of you need to be a little more explicit about why two things aren't parallel.
Ask yourselves whether someone who knew almost nothing about parallelism would be helped by your answer. :)
I use this standard because if you can teach a concept well in SC, you have mastered it.

Kudos go to correct answers with good explanations.
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In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically


A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is

of both X and of Y- is not parallel!

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is--- CORRECT!

Both an X and a Y is idiomatic!

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word- parallelism error!

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word- option B is a better construction wrt parallelism as the which clause describes the two kinds of words!

E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word- Both X as well as Y is unidiomatic!
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Re: In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2019, 02:58
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This one is easy! Idiomatic usage of both X and Y : the idiom requires X and Y be grammatically and sensically parallel.


A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is - X is a noun phase while Y is a prepositional phrase: noun is never parallel to prepositional phrase

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is - correct!

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word - same as A

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word - the error is similar to A: X is noun phrase while Y is prepositional phrase, so this choice is wrong

E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word - the quickest to eliminate: both X as well as Y is wrong, "both" requires "and"
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In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically


A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word

E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word

IDIOM both X and Y

The presence of "of" distorts the parallelism in options A, B, C and E.

Option D maintains the parallelism.

For option A and B which should refer to the across word and down word instead refers to word.
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generis wrote:
In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically

A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is
B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is
C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word
D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word
E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word


MEANING
In a puzzle, the black boxes are… and each empty box gets filled with a letter that is part of both X and Y.

A) "both an…and of a…" not parallel;
C) "both an…and of a…" not parallel;
D) "both part of…and of" not parallel;
E) "both part of an…as well as a…" unidiomatic and not parallel;

Ans (B)
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Imo. B

In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically

both x and y

A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is - parallelism error, x and y are not parallel.

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is - Idiomatically correct and maintains parallelism.

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word - parallelism error, x and y are not parallel.

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word- parallelism error, x and y are not parallel.

E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word- Idiomatically incorrect to say, ... both .....as well as...
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In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically.

.
A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is>>>part of is used before both, so no need to put it again.

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is>>> precise and keeps the original meaning. I think it is CORRECT.

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word >>> incorrect use of 'of', same as A.

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word >>> 'both' should be used after part of.

E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word.>>> same as E.
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New post 12 Nov 2019, 16:32
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Well this question tests both X and Y idiom where X and Y needs to be parallel.

A - here Y is not parallel. It's an prepositional phrase

B - correct

C - not parallel
D - not parallel
E - not parallel

Posted from my mobile device
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Quote:
In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically


A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word

E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word


First thing to realise based on meaning: Single letter is part of both an across word and a down word.

Second thing that you may or may not know Both X and Y is standard structure and tested frequently in GMAT.

With both these things in mind:
Quote:
D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word both part of an across and both part of a down? That is not right.
E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word Well, if you eliminated D then no reason to pick "as well as" over "and"



A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is This gets subtle but it makes a Parallelism error. We don't need the "of" after the and. Because the phrase "part of" has to be mentioned only once. So this is right.
C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word Same error as A. Also, Just to maintain the Parallelism(or similar structure) author would use "which" to describe both "across word" and "down word". I am saying this because which in the second half is not underlined. Not sure though generis you can confirm on this one

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is This one is good


Hence (B)
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Quote:
In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically



Quote:
The concept tested in this question is BOTH X AND Y where X and Y should be parallel. Let us go and find our answer based on this concept.


Quote:
A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is

X is a noun whereas Y is a prepositional phrase. Eliminate

Quote:
B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is

Both X and Y where X is noun and Y is noun as well. Keep.

Quote:
C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word

X is a noun whereas Y is a prepositional phrase. Eliminate

Quote:
D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word

of a down word should be part of a down word. Looking more comprehensive solution to eliminate this.


Quote:
E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word

BOTH X As well as Y . This is incorrect. We don't have such construct. Eliminate


IMO B.
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In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically.
Meaning: In a standard crossword puzzle: 1)the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and 2)each empty box gets filled with a single letter. This single letter is part of both: 1)an accross word, which is entered horizontally, and 2)a down word, which is entered vertically.

There is one split in this question and it hovers around the idiom both X and Y. The split lies in the parallelism between X and Y. Hence let's identify X and Y and check for parallelism.

Option A: In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically.
X: an across word, a noun phrase. Y: of a down word, a prepositional phrase. X and Y are not parallel. There is no need to repeat of in the second element after and. This is because of already precedes the parallelism marker both. Eliminate option A.

Option B: In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is entered vertically.
X: an across word, a noun phrase, and Y: a down word, a noun phrase. X and Y are parallel. There is no repetition error. Let's keep option B.

Option C: In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word entered vertically.
X: an across word, a noun phrase, and Y: of a down word, a prepositional phrase. X and Y are not parallel. Same repetition error of of in option A is repeated in option C. Eliminate option C.

Option D: In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is both part of an across word entered horizontally and [part] of a down word entered vertically.
X: part of an across word, a noun phrase, and Y: of a down word, prepositional phrase. X and Y are not parallel. In order to make X and Y parallel, Y needs to be preceded by part. Eliminate option D.

Option E: In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word entered vertically.
Which of the two parallelism markers should we use to check the parallelism? Do we use both X and Y or X as well as Y? If we wish to use both X and Y, then as well as is not required, and it should be replaced with and in option E. On the other hand, if we intend to use X as well as Y, then we need to take out both. Based on this, let's eliminate option E.

The best answer is option B.
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In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically
To answer this question, meaning is vital.We want to say the letter is part of an acroas word and a down word. We also have to pay attention to parallelism markers.

A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is
In the construction both.... and...... , whatever is on either side of and should be grammatically and logically parallel


B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is
The structure is very parallel and the intended meaning is conveyed

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word
the structure is not properly parallel and does not make logical sense. The marker is again and after which comes the preposition of.The stem ,the same as in option A,does not fit the logical structure of the sentence. Also, the construction both.... and ..... must have the constructions on either side of and parallel. They are not in this case.

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word
Both ..... and ...
. should have a parallel structure. The constructions on either side of and are not parallel


E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word

As well as can not be used as a suitable replacement for and.
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Quote:
In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically


Quick read-through reveals that the sentence tests parallelism, i.e. there are few key words that are misplaced in the original sentence. Specifically, one needs to apply a once outside or twice inside rule to tackle the question.

A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is
both is an indicator word that helps to attack the question. It is correct to say either (1) part of both X and Y or (2) part both of X and of Y. Note that in both cases we must use "and", but not "as well as".

B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is
The parallelism is maintained correctly. Part of both X, blah-blah, and Y, blah-blah.

C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word
This option has an error. See the explanation under (A).

D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word
This option misses "part" in the section after and. Incorrect parallelism.

E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word
There is a parallelism error and "as well as" is used incorrectly.
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New post 13 Nov 2019, 20:29
I have posted the official explanation here.
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New post 13 Nov 2019, 21:35
TheNightKing wrote:
Quote:
Quote:
In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the grid diagonally symmetric and each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically


A) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is
B) part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and a down word, which is
C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word
D) both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word
E) both part of an across word entered horizontally as well as a down word


C) part of both an across word entered horizontally and of a down word Same error as A. Also, Just to maintain the Parallelism(or similar structure) author would use "which" to describe both "across word" and "down word". I am saying this because which in the second half is not underlined. Not sure though generis you can confirm on this one

TheNightKing , you ask a good question. (And your posts make me laugh.)

No, there is no difference in meaning between
part of a down word, which is entered vertically
and
part of a down word entered vertically.

In fact the second string of words is derived from the first string.
which is entered horizontally is a relative clause
-- which is a relative pronoun
-- the which-clause is a relative clause that contains the past participle (the verbED) word "entered"
-- both the pronoun and the clause are used to add information about a noun, so they must be "related" to that noun
In English, we often reduce (shorten) relative clauses to phrases.

Both the relative clause and the shorter phrase are "adjectivial" modifiers: they describe a noun.
To reduce a relative clause to a "past participle [verbED] phrase":
(1) remove the relative pronoun, which
(2) remove the TO BE verb, is
(3) place the past participle (the verbED word) after the noun

The tourists, who were exhausted by their long flight, went to bed.
→ → The tourists, exhausted by their long flight, went to bed.

The two sentences below mean the same thing.
Each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is part of both an across word, which is entered horizontally, and of a down word, which is entered vertically.
→ → Each empty box gets filled with a single letter that is both part of an across word entered horizontally and of a down word entered vertically.

Three takeaways:
1) An ___ED word that looks like a past tense verb often is a past participle adjective derived from a reduced relative clause.
2) option A does not determine intended meaning, so the fact that (C) uses a different structure that sort of changes the meaning is okay. (In C, ironically, removing the which-clause turns the modifiers into essential modifiers.)

Most of the time we get a very good idea of what the sentence should say from the prompt and perhaps from option A, but the grammatically correct and logical answer is the one that conveys the "correct" meaning.

3) If we swapped B and D's parallelism, the correct answer would be D.

Finally, as far as the second non-underlined part . . .the word entered is not a verb.
It's an adjective that describes "a down word."
"Entered vertically" is an adjective phrase that describes a noun.
Furthermore, "which is entered vertically" is also an adjective — a clause.

Both are fine.
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Re: In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2019, 21:35
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In a standard crossword puzzle, the black boxes are placed to make the

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