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# In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine

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In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2006, 23:30
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 747
Page: 698

In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine ant has allowed the species to spread widely; due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina.

(A) due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits

(B) due to its being so genetically similar the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit

(C) because it is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits

(D) because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit

(E) because of being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 19 May 2017, 20:36, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2006, 04:34
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Clear D.
A) due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits - SV agreement. stuggles - that limits , to be (not good on the GMAT)
B) due to its being so genetically similar the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit - genetically simillar to what?
C) because it is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits - genetically simillar to what?
D) because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit - CORRECT : genetically similar to one another, they - the ants, struggles - that limit
E) because of being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits - WRONG. S-V agreement : fellows - close relative, to be (not good on the GMAT)
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2010, 11:17
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I was hung up in this sentence because I thought the sentence has "this species" and "its" (which is singular ) in non-underlined part and hence we need singular subject in the underlined part as well. (big mistake on my part).

The "its" in the end of the sentence refers to "this species" and the subject of this phrase is 'struggles'......struggles that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina

"considers to be" which is present in all options seems really awkward to me. "consider to be" or 'consider as" is a big no-no in GMAT.

In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine ant has allowed the species to spread widely; due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina.

A) due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits - we need 'limit' because 'struggles' is plural. Also we need 'Because' in the beginning of the sentence.

B) due to its being so genetically similar the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit - 'it' cannot be genetically similar to itself. 'being' is not accepted. we need 'Because' in the beginning of the sentence

C) because it is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits - 'it' cannot be genetically similar to itself. we need 'limit' because 'struggles' is plural

D) because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit - CORRECT

E) because of being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits - same as A
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2010, 12:51
Can an expert clarify this for posterity-
1. Can a sentence begin with because? I thought that was not formal English... I have seen because of... But just because?
Note the second half begins with a semicolon, so it should stand up on it's own as a sentence...

2. Due to vs because of.. Which one would be preferred here - assuming no other mistakes.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2010, 12:41
mainhoon wrote:
Can an expert clarify this for posterity-
1. Can a sentence begin with because? I thought that was not formal English... I have seen because of... But just because?
Note the second half begins with a semicolon, so it should stand up on it's own as a sentence...

2. Due to vs because of.. Which one would be preferred here - assuming no other mistakes.

Posted from my mobile device

Please also elaborate on the "consider" idiom

Thanks.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2012, 07:43
In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine ant has allowed the species to spread
widely; due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows
to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

the spread of this species in its native Argentina.

A. due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a
close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

B. due to its being so genetically similar the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and
thus does not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limit

C. because it is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be close relatives and thus
does not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

D. because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be
close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limit

E. because of being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a
close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

I eliminate A because "struggles that limits" should be "struggles that limit"

I eliminate B because of "being"

I eliminate C because "struggles that limits" should be "struggles that limit"

I eliminate E because "struggles that limits" should be "struggles that limit"

By POE we have D

However, I am kind of iffy about D. What's the CLEAR antecedent of "they" after the word "because"? Is it species? Can't be Argentine ant because this would make D wrong.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2012, 06:22
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This is a good question, because one can learn the psyche of GMAT through this. Is this a GPREP question? If it is so, it seals any doubt that we have regarding the use of ‘consider to be’ as an authenticated idiom. If GPREP prefers to use ‘consider to be’ in all the five choices or even in its OA, then we must take it. However, who can confirm, that this is indeed a GPREP or official question? ‘Outside GMAT domain, ‘consider to be’ is accepted all over the world, but that may be irrelevant to us in GMAT.

Therefore, D springs to life once again. In B, the version drops out the phrase ‘to one another’ which is essential to point out that the comparison is extended to all the ants in Argentina and not limited to two of them or two species of them.

This wobbly question changes track often from singular in the beginning to plural in the middle and then back to singular in the end. If it is a genuine GPREP or official question, it is a beautiful one. If not, it is a dubious one.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2012, 15:43
With due respect, i would like to say that some SCs are very non-GMAT like, and practicing those SCs actually counterproductive; especially for certain type of learners.
If moderator thinks that the posted SC is of NOT GMAT standard, can we have a "Poor Quality" Tag with post (as we have the "poor Quality" tag in the Math Forum)? So that people, with limited resources, can avoid attempting the SCs.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 00:17
In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine ant has allowed the species to spread widely; due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina.

A) due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits
B) due to its being so genetically similar the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit
C) because it is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits
D) because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit
E) because of being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits

The best among the lot is D.

because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit

It follows the format Because X, Y (X and Y needs to be a clause and the stuff that follows the semi colon needs to be a clause - all of this satisfied in this answer choice.
Also Because "they" blah blah blah..... , THE ANTS -> "they" here rerfers to ANTS that follow the COMMA, so they is not a problem. in fact none of answer choices have pronoun problem!

Still the "consider to be" is a problem the idiom is Consider X, Y -> but all other 4 answer choice has clear-cut BIG bold blatant error so go with D!

Due to Vs Because of
Due to means caused by

The ant considering all its fellows to be a close relative caused by its being genetically similar? - NO
Its because they were genetically similar the ants consider all their fellows ........

Analogy

Caused by the rain, the match was postponed - WRONG
Caused by the rain, the postponement of the match was announced - RIGHT!

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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 06:23
ranjeet75 wrote:
In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine ant has allowed the species to spread
widely; due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows
to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

the spread of this species in its native Argentina.

A. due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a
close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

B. due to its being so genetically similar the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and
thus does not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limit

C. because it is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be close relatives and thus
does not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

D. because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be
close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limit

E. because of being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a
close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

Subject Verb Agreement...
inter-colony struggles that limit instead of limits
Between B and D...
a) colonies are referred as plural so they instead of it
b) similar to one another is clear
c) do not instead of does not
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 15:12
Sachin9 wrote:
daagh wrote:
This is a good question, because one can learn the psyche of GMAT through this. Is this a GPREP question? If it is so, it seals any doubt that we have regarding the use of ‘consider to be’ as an authenticated idiom. If GPREP prefers to use ‘consider to be’ in all the five choices or even in its OA, then we must take it. However, who can confirm, that this is indeed a GPREP or official question? ‘Outside GMAT domain, ‘consider to be’ is accepted all over the world, but that may be irrelevant to us in GMAT.

Therefore, D springs to life once again. In B, the version drops out the phrase ‘to one another’ which is essential to point out that the comparison is extended to all the ants in Argentina and not limited to two of them or two species of them.

This wobbly question changes track often from singular in the beginning to plural in the middle and then back to singular in the end. If it is a genuine GPREP or official question, it is a beautiful one. If not, it is a dubious one.

Whats wrong with A daagh apart from the SV issue : 'limits' ?

Do you think 'being' is correctly being used here?

a clear split in the options: don't use due to if you can't replace it with ' caused by'

due-to-vs-because-of-140393.html
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 01:09
ranjeet75 wrote:
In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine ant has allowed the species to spread widely; due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina.

A. due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

B. due to its being so genetically similar the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limit

C. because it is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be close relatives and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

D. because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limit

E. because of being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits

Here we have 2:3 split basing on the verb "limit" or "limits" ,here in the clause "that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina." that should refer "inter-colony struggles" in the immediate antecedent clause that is plural.So, the verb should be in plural i.e. verb is "limit".So,the contenders or B and D ,in "B" the use of "it is" implies only one ant rather than entire class which makes sense here ,eliminate B and finally we are with D which is the answer

Is my analysis is right?Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 09:32
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Sachin9 wrote:
Quote:
a clear split in the options: don't use due to if you can't replace it with ' caused by'

due-to-vs-because-of-140393.html

Thanks mate .

Do you think 'being' is correctly being used here?

take this with a pinch of salt:

'being' is not always incorrect. But almost always, it will appear in the incorrect choices on the GMAT because it creates passive and wordy constructions. To answer your question, I don't think it is outright wrong here (if you want to be a grammar nazi), but there will always be better worded answers than that (I'm pretty certain of that). And that is why it is definitely wrong. Bottom line, for GMAT purpose - more often than not it is wrong.

I'm going to say, if you read the underlined sentence in the original question, and don't feel bad/awkward about it, you need to practice more official questions. The choice is horribly worded (primarily because of 'their being'). Thankfully there are many other issues with the choice as well (SV/due to).

This should help. I think the thread explains the whole thing pretty well: usage-of-being-on-gmat-111592.html

P.S: This is just to tell you, that once you practice a few more official sentences you will definitely know that this choice is incorrect - in one go.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 09:53
Thanks Mate for confirming the correctness of 'being' here.
I have solved around 300 official SC questions so far.. I still find it difficult to find the awkward answers.. I try to check if the answer is grammatically wrong or not..
I find it difficult when I find more than 1 grammatically correct answer choice..
meaning and concision ofcourse should be applied ..

Idiom is another issue.. sometimes I pick the wrong answer only to find that there's a idiom issue with this answer.

Certainly feel, that non natives are at a disadvantage when it comes to SC.

Did you encounter any such issue in your test .. since you took it recently. .
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 10:07
Sachin9 wrote:
Thanks Mate for confirming the correctness of 'being' here.
I have solved around 300 official SC questions so far.. I still find it difficult to find the awkward answers.. I try to check if the answer is grammatically wrong or not..
I find it difficult when I find more than 1 grammatically correct answer choice..
meaning and concision ofcourse should be applied ..

Idiom is another issue.. sometimes I pick the wrong answer only to find that there's a idiom issue with this answer.

Certainly feel, that non natives are at a disadvantage when it comes to SC.

Did you encounter any such issue in your test .. since you took it recently. .

I don't like myself too much right now - because I just told someone 'being' is 'correct'. Those two words just don't go well in the GMAT world. Anyways, I hope you do get my point - being is wrong here, because a 'wordy and awkward' sentence is as wrong as a sentence with a SV error.

There are only a few (hundred) idioms to remember. And there are only a few that GMAT tests frequently. It should not be a problem. Go through aristotle grail's list, select the more common ones or the one's that sound odd to you, and you should be fine.

I don't remember any issue as such on the test. But then, I had my own issues to concentrate on!
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 10:13

I got my gmat on 31st of this month..

do u think reading aristotle would help now?

I have an accuracy of around 80% on Gmat prep SC questions.. hav so far solved 160 questions in last 4 days.. another 180 to go..

How did you manage RC..

To answer lookup questions and inference questions, going back to passage is extremely important..
how did you manage to remember where exactly things to be looked up were present in the passage..

Also, I usually find short of 6 7 mins on Verbal.. so I got no option other than throwing away a few questions ; need to make sure they are spread though.. .

Did you face any such issue? Do you think timing is a prob with non natives or is it only me who's suffering
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2013, 17:46
I agree with Jp27.

The antecedent of 'they' is 'the ants', not 'the Argentine Ant'.

because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2013, 12:05
Consider to be can be and usually is an incorrect idiom.

Here it is correct.

Look at it like this:

The ant considered the other ant its cousin. That's vague...

The ant considered the other ant to be its cousin. That's the correct usage... it's when the noun does a verb to a direct object. "Considered" and "considered to be" have two different meanings, which is why "considered to be" is usually wrong.

In this case, "considered to be" is perfectly acceptable, because the ant considers the other ant to be it's cousin. It doesn't "consider" the other ant, which just means that it takes it into consideration (IE thinks about it).

Also note the verb tense - we need passive voice to make it parallel to the rest of the sentence.

However, if we were to say

"John is considered to be the foremost expert in sentence correction" then that would be redundant, since we're using the verb "to be" twice (is / to be)

But when we use it as a verb, "Sam considers John to be the foremost expert in stence correction" then that would be correct because we only have the verb "to be" once.

Look at a third option, "Sam considers john the foremost expert" ... what does this mean? DOes this mean he is "considering" an entity "John, the foremost expert" where foremost expert modifies John? Or does it mean that sam believes John IS the foremost expert.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 09:04
A and B - "due to their being" and "due to its being..." is wrong, as with E

Between C and D. In C, there's a meaning problem.

"because it [the Argentine Ant] is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be close relatives and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce inter-colony struggles that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina."

This is saying that the Argentine Ant is so genetically similar that it does not engage in the struggles that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina. This doesn't make sense.

In D, "they" refers to species. So it's comparing the [Californian species] to the native Argentinian Ant. Makes sense.

As for the idiom problem with considers, it is OK to use considers x to be y, but considers x y is preferred. As Manhattan GMAT puts it, it is suspect.
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 12:42
In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine ant has allowed the species to spread widely; due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits the spread of this species in its native Argentina.

A) due to their being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits
Agreement Error
B) due to its being so genetically similar the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit
its being=wordy
C) because it is so genetically similar, the ant considers all its fellows to be a close relative and thus does not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits
Agreement Error
D) because they are so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be close relatives and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limit
E) because of being so genetically similar to one another, the ants consider all their fellows to be a close relative and thus do not engage in the kind of fierce intercolony struggles that limits
Agreement Error
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Rgds,
TGC!
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I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
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Re: In California, a lack of genetic variation in the Argentine   [#permalink] 24 Jun 2014, 12:42

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