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In casual conversation, people experience little psychological

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In casual conversation, people experience little psychological  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2015, 12:42
3
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A
B
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D
E

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Question Stats:

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In casual conversation, people experience little psychological discomfort in admitting that they have some particular character flaw if and only if they consider trivial the flaw to which they admit. Therefore, if in casual conversation an individual readily admits that he or she has some particular character flaw, the individual must not consider that flaw to be serious.

Which one of the following is an assumption necessary to the argument?

(A) Most character flaws are considered trivial by those who have them.
(B) People admit to having only those character flaws that most other people consider trivial.
(C) In casual conversation, people admit to having character flaws only when they must.
(D) In casual conversation, people most readily admit to having a character flaw only when that admission causes them little psychological discomfort.
(E) In casual conversation, people do not speak of things that would give others an unfavorable impression of their character.
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Re: In casual conversation, people experience little psychological  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2015, 13:05
Quote:
In casual conversation, people experience little psychological discomfort in admitting that they have some particular character flaw if and only if they consider trivial the flaw to which they admit. Therefore, if in casual conversation an individual readily admits that he or she has some particular character flaw, the individual must not consider that flaw to be serious.

Which one of the following is an assumption necessary to the argument?


From the argument, we can deduce these relationships:

P: If someone experiences little discomfort, their flaw must be trivial
C: People admit a character flaw only if the flaw is trivial

I'd stop here and think about how the structure of this argument works. The conclusion talks about all types of character flaws. But what about non-trivial character flaws? Could people still admit those? They could, given the conclusion, unless we have an additional assumption like this.

A: People only admit a character flaw if they experience little discomfort as a result.

(A) Most character flaws are considered trivial by those who have them. The argument doesn't state this anywhere.
(B) People admit to having only those character flaws that most other people consider trivial. The opinions of others don't matter -- what matters is whether the same person considers their flaw trivial or not
(C) In casual conversation, people admit to having character flaws only when they must. This isn't supported; the argument doesn't say anything about being forced to admit flaws
(D) In casual conversation, people most readily admit to having a character flaw only when that admission causes them little psychological discomfort. The negation test is useful here. Let's say that this assertion is not necessary. What if someone admits to a character flaw, even when it causes them more than a little psychological discomfort? We only know the relationship between little physical discomfort and trivial character flaws. But if someone experiences none, or a lot of psychological discomfort their flaw could be trivial, non-trivial or anything else on the spectrum.
(E) In casual conversation, people do not speak of things that would give others an unfavorable impression of their character. This is close, but not as good. An unfavorable impression from someone else isn't necessarily the same as psychological discomfort.
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Re: In casual conversation, people experience little psychological  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2015, 13:33
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Premise: People consider flaw trivial -----> They experience little discomfort in admitting
Conclusion: People consider flaw trivial -----> They readily admit character flaw

Assumption: People who readily admit character flaw experience little discomfort

Answer D says just that
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Re: In casual conversation, people experience little psychological  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2019, 00:22
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
In casual conversation, people experience little psychological discomfort in admitting that they have some particular character flaw if and only if they consider trivial the flaw to which they admit. Therefore, if in casual conversation an individual readily admits that he or she has some particular character flaw, the individual must not consider that flaw to be serious.

Which one of the following is an assumption necessary to the argument?

(A) Most character flaws are considered trivial by those who have them.
(B) People admit to having only those character flaws that most other people consider trivial.
(C) In casual conversation, people admit to having character flaws only when they must.
(D) In casual conversation, people most readily admit to having a character flaw only when that admission causes them little psychological discomfort.
(E) In casual conversation, people do not speak of things that would give others an unfavorable impression of their character.


Flaw Trivial (A) = Discomfort in admitting the flaw (B)

Flaw not serious (means Flaw Trivial) (A) = Readily Admitting (C)

If A = B, & A = C

Means A = C

Only answer choice D makes this comparison.

Hence correct.

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In casual conversation, people experience little psychological  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2019, 23:42
In casual conversation, people experience little psychological discomfort in admitting that they have some particular character flaw if and only if they consider trivial the flaw to which they admit. Therefore, if in casual conversation an individual readily admits that he or she has some particular character flaw, the individual must not consider that flaw to be serious.

Which one of the following is an assumption necessary to the argument?

(A) Most character flaws are considered trivial by those who have them.
Irrelevant
(B) People admit to having only those character flaws that most other people consider trivial.
Irrelevant
(C) In casual conversation, people admit to having character flaws only when they must.
Irrelevant
(D) In casual conversation, people most readily admit to having a character flaw only when that admission causes them little psychological discomfort.

If negated this becomes --- "In casual conversation , people do not most readily admit to having a character flaw only when that admission causes them little psychological discomfort."
Then the conclusion which says "that an individual readily admits that he /she has some particular character flaw when he/she considers that flaw trivial (or that means not serious
and causes them little discomfort)"

can not follow.

So D is the assumption.

(E) In casual conversation, people do not speak of things that would give others an unfavorable impression of their character.[/quote]

VeritasKarishma , egmat , ChiranjeevSingh , GMATNinja Is my explanation correct ? :)
Give me kudos if you like my explanation.
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In casual conversation, people experience little psychological   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2019, 23:42
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