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In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal

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In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal infections of the feet and toenails because of poor foot hygiene. Fungal foot infections can cause the need for eventual amputation if left untreated. In order to combat the problem of untreated fungal infections, the public health department in Mongolia distributed a pamphlet to rural villagers instructing them on how to perform weekly foot checks to detect fungal infections of the foot.

Which of the following, if true, is the best criticism of the pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's goal?


A. Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.

B. The pamphlet was sent to all rural villagers, even those that practice good foot hygiene.

C. Fungal infections of the foot are much more common in men than in women, yet both sexes received the pamphlet.

D. People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.

E. A previous pamphlet from the public health department of Mongolia that warned of the dangers of smoking met with limited success in all parts of Mongolia.

Originally posted by bhavinshah5685 on 03 Aug 2012, 19:44.
Last edited by Bunuel on 01 Feb 2019, 06:33, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2012, 19:45
Is "best criticism" is one type of weaken the argument type of question?
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2012, 21:08
A.Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.--> does not matter if the effectiveness varies or not
B.The pamphlet was sent to all rural villagers, even those that practice good foot hygiene.--> the purpose is to raise awarness .There is no harm if it is sent to people with proper hygiene
C.Fungal infections of the foot are much more common in men than in women, yet both sexes received the pamphlet.-->sex is not the determining factor
D.People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.--> bingo .This statement tells that even if the pamphlet is given to people who are unhygenic ,they are unlikely to follow the precautionary measures.Hence it is not going to have any effect.
E.A previous pamphlet from the public health department of Mongolia that warned of the dangers of smoking met with limited success in all parts of Mongolia.--> the previous scenario is irrelevant.
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2013, 15:46
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avohden wrote:
In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal infections of the feet and toenails because of poor foot hygiene. Fungal foot infections can cause the need for eventual amputation if left untreated. In order to combat the problem of untreated fungal infections, the public health department in Mongolia distributed a pamphlet to rural villagers instructing them on how to perform weekly foot checks to detect fungal infections of the foot.

Which of the following, if true, is the best criticism of the pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's goal?

(A) Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.
(B) The pamphlet was sent to all rural villagers, even those that practice good foot hygiene.
(C) Fungal infections of the foot are much more common in men than in women, yet both sexes received the pamphlet.
(D) People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.
(E) A previous pamphlet from the public health department of Mongolia that warned of the dangers of smoking met with limited success in all parts of Mongolia.

OE to follow

(A) Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.- Out of scope...The aim is to detect the fungal infection first
(B) The pamphlet was sent to all rural villagers, even those that practice good foot hygiene.- out of scope
(C) Fungal infections of the foot are much more common in men than in women, yet both sexes received the pamphlet.- Out of scope
(D) People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.-correct... if the villagers dont care about the infection itself its unlikely that they will bother to raed the pamphlet and check their foot for the infection
(E) A previous pamphlet from the public health department of Mongolia that warned of the dangers of smoking met with limited success in all parts of Mongolia.- we cannot compare two different events...
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2013, 11:45

Official Explanation


Answer D - In this question you are asked to find the best criticism of the pamphlet put out by the public health department in Mongolia. This question is somewhat unique and falls between a normal weaken question and a normal flaw question in terms of its structure. By going through the answer choices one at a time, you can find the one that best expresses why the pamphlet might fail. Choice (D) does this best by suggesting that those most in need of weekly self examinations are precisely those who are least likely to perform the checks.

Choice (A) is not really a criticism of the pamphlet. As long as people read the pamphlet, check for an infection, and seek medical help, the pamphlet will be a success – even if treatment is ineffective in some patients.

Choices (B) and (C) are similar in that they say that the pamphlet was sent to more people than was necessary. This may be a waste of paper, but it would not prevent the pamphlet from achieving its goal. Just because women and people with good hygiene received the pamphlet, it does not prevent the pamphlet from being effective for men and those with poor hygiene.

In choice (E), the limited success of the previous pamphlet does not have much bearing on the current pamphlet. We do not learn enough from this statement to know if previous experience with pamphlets can be generalized and applied to the current situation.
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2017, 17:02
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My confusion with this one was with D. If people who do not use proper hygiene don’t do weekly checks, how do we know they would continue to not do so after reading the brochure? This was my confusion.

I actually chose A because a central tenant of the plan is a single, uniform solution outlined in the pamphlet to solve fungal infection for everyone in rural Mongolia. So if people react to the treatment differently, isn't it possible that the treatment will not help everyone? I think the problem with this thinking was that whilst not everyone might react positively, at least some would meaning that on the whole at least some fungal infection would be cured, strengthening the argument on aggregate. Just want to know if my reasoning here is correct.
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2017, 03:54
texas wrote:
My confusion with this one was with D. If people who do not use proper hygiene don’t do weekly checks, how do we know they would continue to not do so after reading the brochure? This was my confusion.

I actually chose A because a central tenant of the plan is a single, uniform solution outlined in the pamphlet to solve fungal infection for everyone in rural Mongolia. So if people react to the treatment differently, isn't it possible that the treatment will not help everyone? I think the problem with this thinking was that whilst not everyone might react positively, at least some would meaning that on the whole at least some fungal infection would be cured, strengthening the argument on aggregate. Just want to know if my reasoning here is correct.

You have laid out great reasons for choosing A as the answer, but you went too far and made too many assumptions in your reasoning.

Based on the question stem we are looking for "the best criticism of the pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's GOAL." Based on the passage the goal of the public health department is "to combat the problem of UNTREATED fungal foot infections," not to HELP EVERYONE and eliminate the infection with treatment.

Sure, we can make the leap that the ultimate goal of the public health department is to help everyone to avoid and to eliminate fungal foot infections all together, but that is not the stated goal in the passage. Make no assumptions about motive and ultimate goals, only use what is stated.


A. Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.
- The "effectiveness of the treatment" is not within the scope of the stated goals of the public health department, only TREATMENT is within scope.

D. People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.
- The Best Criticism – The weakness that this criticism exploits is the assumption that people who already have poor foot hygiene will take the time to check for fungal foot infections. The reason they may have a fungal foot infection is because they have poor foot hygiene. Therefore, no detection = no treatment = public health department's GOAL IS NOT ACHIEVED.


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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2018, 08:16
This question asks for the best criticism of the pamphlet put out by the public health department in Mongolia, so this is a Weaken question.

The stimulus states that, due to poor foot hygiene, many Mongolian villagers suffer from fungal foot infections. The public health department plans to distribute a pamphlet with instructions on weekly foot checks to help combat this problem.

When a stimulus lays out a plan, find a reason why the plan won't work on it's own terms.

(D) weakens the plan by suggesting that those most in need of weekly self-examinations are precisely those who are least likely to follow the advice of the pamphlet and perform the checks.

(A) is not a criticism of the pamphlet. As long as people read the pamphlet, check for an infection, and seek medical help, the pamphlet will be a success - even if treatment is ineffective in some patients.

(B) and (C) are similar in that they say that the pamphlet was sent to more people than was necessary. This may be a waste of paper, but it would not prevent the pamphlet from achieving its goal. Just because women and people with good hygiene received the pamphlet does not prevent the pamphlet from being effective for men and those with poor hygiene.

In (E), the limited success of the previous pamphlet does not have a bearing on the current pamphlet. There's not enough in this statement to know whether previous experience with pamphlets can be generalized and applied to the current situation.
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2018, 13:15
bhavinshah5685 wrote:
Is "best criticism" is one type of weaken the argument type of question?

From the phrase "pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's goal", doesn't this mean question is more about criticizing the usage of pamphlet as method to share information?

If it is the case, isn't E a right answer?
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2018, 15:38
No, the question is not asking us to restrict our criticism to the medium of information used. It's simply asking us to show why using this particular pamphlet may not help with the stated goal of reducing these infections.

E doesn't make it clear why the previous campaign failed, so it's hard to know what to make of the information. Imagine if I said that calling someone on the phone was not an effective way of persuading them to do something, because I called my friend last week and he didn't do what I asked. There are far too many unknowns here!

D, on the other hand, gives us a concrete reason to suspect that people who are at risk will not follow through on the recommendations of the pamphlet. This exploits the feasibility problem that we tend to see with all plan-based CR. Compare this to the following official CR: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-eurasian ... 27266.html Here, we have to strengthen the argument, but to do so, we have to ask "Will people really use these cards?"
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Feb 2019, 06:17
bhavinshah5685 wrote:
In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal infections of the feet and toenails because of poor foot hygiene. Fungal foot infections can cause the need for eventual amputation if left untreated. In order to combat the problem of untreated fungal infections, the public health department in Mongolia distributed a pamphlet to rural villagers instructing them on how to perform weekly foot checks to detect fungal infections of the foot.

Which of the following, if true, is the best criticism of the pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's goal?

A.Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.
B.The pamphlet was sent to all rural villagers, even those that practice good foot hygiene.
C.Fungal infections of the foot are much more common in men than in women, yet both sexes received the pamphlet.
D.People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.
E.A previous pamphlet from the public health department of Mongolia that warned of the dangers of smoking met with limited success in all parts of Mongolia.


Why will the pamphlet not work, if distributed among the people of Mongolia.

We need to find a reason for that

D.People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.
This gives us the best reason.People wont care much even if they are given the pamphlet.

E.A previous pamphlet from the public health department of Mongolia that warned of the dangers of smoking met with limited success in all parts of Mongolia.
Smoking is OOS
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2019, 06:17
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