GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 23 Sep 2018, 17:01

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starche

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 09 Nov 2008
Posts: 23
GMAT ToolKit User
In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starche  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 21 Aug 2018, 20:40
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

61% (00:34) correct 39% (00:37) wrong based on 192 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starches into complex carbohydrates called glycerols, in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze.

(A) in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze
(B) effectively manufacturing antifreeze of its own
(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze
(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze
(E) thus the manufacture of its own antifreeze

Originally posted by malar on 21 Mar 2009, 06:55.
Last edited by Bunuel on 21 Aug 2018, 20:40, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 30 Mar 2009
Posts: 228
Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starche  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Apr 2009, 00:08
2
IMO C

In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starches into complex carbohydrates called glycerols, in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze.
(A) in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze --> its here is not suitable because the mentioned objects are vertebrates and fish, so can't be it
(B) effectively manufacturing antifreeze of its own --> the same error
(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze --> in effect correctly plays the role of an adv, and them are better than it --> the best
(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze --> they here play the role of a subject of the new clause but it is not clearly modified for which Noun: carbonhydrates, glycerols, starches or vertebrates and fish ???. Finally, using clause here is more complex than using participle phrase as (A), (B) and (C)
(E) thus the manufacture of its own antifreeze --> wordy and wrong meaning, etc
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Mar 2010
Posts: 94
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starche  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Oct 2013, 21:19
1
In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starches into complex carbohydrates called glycerols, in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze.

(A) in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze
(B) effectively manufacturing antifreeze of its own
(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze.
(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze
(E) thus the manufacture of its own antifreeze

I can't understand the meaning of this sentence. My question is: Is "manufacturing ... antifreeze" the result of action "convert" done by invertebrates and fish? If so, then why don't we have structure: "Main clause, Verb-ing" to express the result of the main clause?
_________________

Start to fall in love with GMAT <3

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 29 Apr 2013
Posts: 95
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT Date: 11-06-2013
WE: Programming (Telecommunications)
Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starche  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Oct 2013, 23:56
3
LucyDang wrote:
I can't understand the meaning of this sentence. My question is: Is "manufacturing ... antifreeze" the result of action "convert" done by invertebrates and fish? If so, then why don't we have structure: "Main clause, Verb-ing" to express the result of the main clause?


Yes you are right that conversion of starches leads to manufacturing of antifreeze.
But in GMAT we have to find the best option out of the 5 options presented to us. This does not mean that the correct option is the best available option in the whole world :)


Options A, B and E can be eliminated because of the usage of singular pronoun its with plural noun invertebrates and fish.

The only contenders are C and D.

The problem with D is that, they is ambiguous here. THEY might refer to invertebrates and fish or carbohydrates. Moreover (D) somehow changes the intended meaning of the sentence.

D says: Invertebrates do X so that they can cause Y.
Here focus is more on Y. Invertebrates are doing X just to achieve Y.


C says: Invertebrates do X, causing Y.
So here Y implicitly gets done when Invertebrates do X.

This is the intended meaning.

Note: This question has already been discussed in the following thread:
in-cold-water-habitats-certain-invertebrates-and-fish-76847.html

Please search properly before posting a new question.

_________________

Do not forget to hit the Kudos button on your left if you find my post helpful 8-)

Collection of some good questions on Number System

Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2014
Posts: 870
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 3.98
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In cold-water habitats  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jul 2016, 07:54
1
Himanshu9818 wrote:
2. In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starches into complex carbohydrates called glycerols, in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze.
(A) in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze
(B) effectively manufacturing antifreeze of its own
(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze
(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze
(E) thus the manufacture of its own antifreeze


'certain invertebrates and fish' is a plural noun and hence requires plural verb 'their'. A, B and E are out.

(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze. Correct option as it mentions the intended meaning.

(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze. 'So that' depicts that something is done intentionally by the organisms, but this is not the case. Something is done without any intentions. Hence this is a wrong choice
_________________

I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+

SC Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1703
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 200 Q1 V1
GPA: 4
WE: Analyst (Retail)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: In cold-water habitats  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jul 2016, 07:57
We have 3:2 split here. 'Its' is not the correct pronoun to be used here. Eliminate A, B and E

Between C and D:
(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze - Correct. Correctly modifies the action described in the previous clause

(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze - Incorrect. Meaning error. This option suggests that the invertebrates and fish intentionally converted starch to carbohydrates to manufacture their own antifreeze.

Answer: C
Retired Moderator
avatar
G
Joined: 26 Nov 2012
Posts: 597
Premium Member
In cold-water habitats  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jul 2016, 07:58
Himanshu9818 wrote:
2. In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starches into complex carbohydrates called glycerols, in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze.
(A) in effect manufacturing its own antifreeze
(B) effectively manufacturing antifreeze of its own
(C) in effect manufacturing their own antifreeze
(D) so that they manufacture their own antifreeze
(E) thus the manufacture of its own antifreeze



Meaning : In cold water habitats, some invertebrates and fish convert starches into glycerols to protect themselves from freezing.

Mistake analysis : invertebrates and fish are plural so there has to be plural pronoun. So, A,B and C are eliminated.

D) so that indicates purpose or in order that, so here for the conversion purpose they manufacture their own antifreeze is wrong.

It is due to the cold effect they manufacture their own antifreeze.

So Option C is correct.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 25 Oct 2016
Posts: 12
Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starche  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2018, 06:15
A, B, and E are out - SVA error

its -- invertebrates and fish

C - corrects that SVA
D - changes the meaning (D sounds like converting starches enables them to make antifreeze,
While the intended meaning is converted starches is their antifreeze)
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starche &nbs [#permalink] 28 Aug 2018, 06:15
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In cold-water habitats, certain invertebrates and fish convert starche

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.