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In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve

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In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2012, 02:50
1
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A
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:20) correct 43% (01:26) wrong based on 499 sessions

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In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk : this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.

a)

b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets.

c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets

d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets

e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form.




What's wrong with a?
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In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2014, 08:47
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2
In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk : this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.

Lets break the sentence:

Clause 1: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk - Farmers is subject and made is verb`
Clause 2: this was - this is subject and was is verb : This can not be used independently, it can be used with a noun. eg. this cheese
Clause 3: how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets - the output is subject and could be is verb, this form is used correctly

a)

b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets. - This is correct sentence . "the output" correctly modifies cheese.

c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets - This is a new clause which can not be separated by : from main clause.

d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets - Same error as B and focus shift on way from output

e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form. This also shift the focus of sentence and this is a new clause connected imprperly
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Re: PT #16 SC 10  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2012, 04:45
Not sure but guess B only.

I think it is so because : means same thing in another words.
so we can't talk of way of shipment / shipment itself

we have to talk about dairy product only.
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In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2014, 11:14
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In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk : this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.

a) this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.
Wrong. "this" has no clear reference.

b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets.
Correct. The idea is that output of dairy herds in the form of cheese could be shipped to distant urbant markets.

c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets
Wrong. Meaning problem. "it" refers to "cheese", but cheese itselt is not a from of shipping. Cheese is a form of output dairy herds, not shipping.

d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets
Wrong. The red part does not match the previous clause followed by a colon (:). The clause after the colon should be an additional explanation. Yet, that's not the case here in which second clause can be stood alone as an independent clause.

e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form.
Wrong. "shipment was done in the form of cheese" seems to convey the idea that there were several ways to ship the output of dairy herds, and Cheese is one of those. Wrong meaning.

Hope it helps.
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Re: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2014, 21:59
eybrj2 wrote:
In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk : this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.

a)

b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets.

c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets

d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets

e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form.




What's wrong with a?


The pronoun "this" can't go alone, it needs to mention something like "this way", "this form", etc. The same goes to THESE or THERE.
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Re: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2015, 05:39
eybrj2 wrote:
In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk : this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.

a)

b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets.

c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets

d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets

e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form.




What's wrong with a?


Would anyone shed some light on the issue that pronouns and demonstrative pronouns can or cannot be used for the clauses?

Thank you
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Re: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2015, 21:29
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There are four demonstrative pronoun/adjectives - This (Singular) ,That (Singular) ,These (Plural) ,& Those (Plural)

In the example (as in many cases of written English) - This is used as "demonstrative adjective" . Thus, "This" must be followed by NOUN.
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Re: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 02:30
eybrj2 wrote:
In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk : this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.

a) this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.
b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets.
c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets
d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets
e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form.


What's wrong with a?


Pay particular attention to the colon ":"

As a rule, we can't put an independent clause (a clause that could stand on its own, has a subject and a predicate) after ":"


a) this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets. --- independent clause, could stand on its own
b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets. --- dependent clause!
Let's eliminate the garbage:
The

c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets --- independent clause, could stand on its own
d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets --- independent clause, could stand on its own
e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form. --- independent clause, could stand on its own
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Re: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2015, 09:16
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I am afraid that the perception that the clause after the colon is a dependent clause. It is as much an independent clause as any other choice or choices. The subject is the 'output’ and the verb is 'could be shipped.'

Yet again to think that only a dependent clause should follow a colon is erroneous. Look at the following sentence.

The new CEO has emphasized three points: First the company’s employee costs are the highest in the Industry. Second, the current market share is half of what it was two years ago. Third the current liabilities are outstripping the assets. -- This is a perfect sentence with three independent clauses.

The norm for using a colon is that the clause before the colon should be a complete one. What follow the colon could be phrases, or dependent clauses or independent clauses. Only thing to observe is that they being part of a list should be parallel.
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Re: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 11:38
eybrj2 wrote:
In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk : this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.

a)

b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets.

c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets

d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets

e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form.


What's wrong with a?



I didn't understand why are we rejecting option C. "IT" in option C can act as placeholder and option C conveys meaning properly. Can anyone please help me to understand what i am missing in above SC question.
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Re: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 13:52
ammuseeru wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve perishable milk and to reduce its bulk : this was how the output of dairy herds could be shipped in this form to distant urban markets.

a)

b) the output of dairy herds could, in this form, be shipped to distant urban markets.

c) it was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets

d) there was a way to ship the output of dairy herds in this form to distant urban markets

e) shipment of the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets was done in this form.


What's wrong with a?



I didn't understand why are we rejecting option C. "IT" in option C can act as placeholder and option C conveys meaning properly. Can anyone please help me to understand what i am missing in above SC question.


Ironically, even placeholder it has its antecedent.

E.g. It was Garry who took my icecream It=who took my icecream was Garry OR It=Garry was who took my icecream
It is Thailand that has beautiful nature It=that has beautiful nature is Thailand.

Even if Garry is a person we use it - one of the rare cases when it can reffer to a person. C'est la vie...

Now option C: It was a form of shipping the output of dairy herds to distant urban markets
It=form of shipping was a form of shipping ... Well, form of shipping was a form of shipping doesn't make sense.

In case if it's not a placeholder then it = milk because in the first part we have already used its for milk. Even so milk was a form of shipping - doesn't make sense
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Re: In earlier times farmers made cheese mainly to preserve &nbs [#permalink] 09 Aug 2018, 13:52
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