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# In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel

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In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 21:56
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In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

1. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
4. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery, furthering the abolitionist cause
5. which had later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

Edit: carcass
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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29 Apr 2013, 01:17
akashaggarwal88 wrote:
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

1. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause ---- later becoming is an incorrect modifier
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause - Which correctly lays emphasis on magazine series , but possessive Noun changes the meaning of whole modifier
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause -- Which is rightly placed , whole modifier is correctly modifying Harriet Beecher which is subject of the sentene so correct
4. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery, furthering the abolitionist cause - same as A
5. which had later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
--- needlessly uses PAst perfect tense when that incident took place after the series was released

OA 3 ????
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29 Apr 2013, 05:55
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akashaggarwal88 wrote:
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

1. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
4. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery, furthering the abolitionist cause
5. which had later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

This question is heavy on the modifiers...

The first issue involves the phrase 'in her 1851 magazine series'. That phrase is meant to modify Harriet Beacher Stowe, but in choices B and D the phrase is incorrectly modifying her 'mission' and not Stowe herself.

The second modifier issue is whether to start the next modifying phrase (the part in commas) with 'later becoming' or 'which'. When you start the modifier with 'later becoming' it is unclear exactly what you are modifiying - the series, her, the entire previous section - but when you start with 'which' you can only be modifying the preceding noun - her 'magazine series'. We want to modify the 'series', so we can eliminate A.

That leaves C and E, but E incorrectly uses the past perfect tense 'had become', so we are left with C.

KW
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29 Apr 2013, 08:13
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KyleWiddison wrote:
akashaggarwal88 wrote:
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

1. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
4. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery, furthering the abolitionist cause
5. which had later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

This question is heavy on the modifiers...

The first issue involves the phrase 'in her 1851 magazine series'. That phrase is meant to modify Harriet Beacher Stowe, but in choices B and D the phrase is incorrectly modifying her 'mission' and not Stowe herself.

The second modifier issue is whether to start the next modifying phrase (the part in commas) with 'later becoming' or 'which'. When you start the modifier with 'later becoming' it is unclear exactly what you are modifiying - the series, her, the entire previous section - but when you start with 'which' you can only be modifying the preceding noun - her 'magazine series'. We want to modify the 'series', so we can eliminate A.

That leaves C and E, but E incorrectly uses the past perfect tense 'had become', so we are left with C.

KW

Hi Kyle,

Thanks for the explanation. OA is C. I chose E as the answer. Could you please tell me what is the problem in E, how "had become" is an issue ??
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29 Apr 2013, 08:24
Out of given choices C is best. Since we cannot use past perfect when the actual verb sought is in simple past.

However, I am not convinced with usage of "would later become" in C......
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29 Apr 2013, 08:54
sdas wrote:
Out of given choices C is best. Since we cannot use past perfect when the actual verb sought is in simple past.

However, I am not convinced with usage of "would later become" in C......

Exactly Would later become is not the ideal usage , but this is howGMAT works we do not need to find the ideal answer we just need to find the best of the lot.

and had needlessly introduces past perfect which is used to represent the event happened in past, series become popular after the first even so no had is required.
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29 Apr 2013, 12:16
akashaggarwal88 wrote:
KyleWiddison wrote:
akashaggarwal88 wrote:
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

1. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
4. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery, furthering the abolitionist cause
5. which had later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

This question is heavy on the modifiers...

The first issue involves the phrase 'in her 1851 magazine series'. That phrase is meant to modify Harriet Beacher Stowe, but in choices B and D the phrase is incorrectly modifying her 'mission' and not Stowe herself.

The second modifier issue is whether to start the next modifying phrase (the part in commas) with 'later becoming' or 'which'. When you start the modifier with 'later becoming' it is unclear exactly what you are modifiying - the series, her, the entire previous section - but when you start with 'which' you can only be modifying the preceding noun - her 'magazine series'. We want to modify the 'series', so we can eliminate A.

That leaves C and E, but E incorrectly uses the past perfect tense 'had become', so we are left with C.

KW

Hi Kyle,

Thanks for the explanation. OA is C. I chose E as the answer. Could you please tell me what is the problem in E, how "had become" is an issue ??

The past perfect tense is used to show the EARLIER of two events that both took place in the past [I had already eaten before I arrived at the party.]. The use of past perfect here (had become) is clearly incorrect in answer choice E because 'becoming famous' was the later event not the earlier event (had LATER become). The GMAT will sometimes include these time reference clues in the text to show incorrect uses of past perfect.

KW
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29 Apr 2013, 12:36
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sdas wrote:
Out of given choices C is best. Since we cannot use past perfect when the actual verb sought is in simple past.

However, I am not convinced with usage of "would later become" in C......

Hi sdas,

Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin was a magazine till in 1851. But later, it became a famous novel by the same name. So from the point of 1851, the magazine series turning into a novel is a future event. But the main tense of this sentence is past tense because all the information here pertains to the past. That is the reason why, the correct answer choice C uses the expression "which would later become".

This is a common usage in English language.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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29 Apr 2013, 15:18
egmat wrote:
sdas wrote:
Out of given choices C is best. Since we cannot use past perfect when the actual verb sought is in simple past.

However, I am not convinced with usage of "would later become" in C......

Hi sdas,

Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin was a magazine till in 1851. But later, it became a famous novel by the same name. So from the point of 1851, the magazine series turning into a novel is a future event. But the main tense of this sentence is past tense because all the information here pertains to the past. That is the reason why, the correct answer choice C uses the expression "which would later become".

This is a common usage in English language.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Still I have a doubt, with reference to 1851 the event of renaming the magazine is definitely a future event - using future tense, but overall sentence construction - both events are in past, then why would we need a future tense, only with reference to one event? Does it not distort the meaning? Instead can we not use past perfect (though it is not in the option, yet for my understanding)?

Thanks
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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2013, 15:47
Hi sdas,

I understand your point. The sentence can be written correctly using just the simple past tense as "which later became...". But again, we are not the author of the sentence.
The author has chose to write this sentence this way. And, this is the grammatical way of using the verb. If you watch documentaries, you will come across such narrations.

From the GMAT point, we need to choose the best possible answer choice. And C is that answer choice.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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29 Apr 2013, 21:06
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sdas wrote:
egmat wrote:
sdas wrote:
Out of given choices C is best. Since we cannot use past perfect when the actual verb sought is in simple past.

However, I am not convinced with usage of "would later become" in C......

Hi sdas,

Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin was a magazine till in 1851. But later, it became a famous novel by the same name. So from the point of 1851, the magazine series turning into a novel is a future event. But the main tense of this sentence is past tense because all the information here pertains to the past. That is the reason why, the correct answer choice C uses the expression "which would later become".

This is a common usage in English language.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

Still I have a doubt, with reference to 1851 the event of renaming the magazine is definitely a future event - using future tense, but overall sentence construction - both events are in past, then why would we need a future tense, only with reference to one event? Does it not distort the meaning? Instead can we not use past perfect (though it is not in the option, yet for my understanding)?

Thanks

'Would' is not the future tense, it's actually the Conditional tense. One of the uses of the conditional tense is to express the future as seen from the past [He said he would eat all the food]. That's exactly the situation we have here where the sentence is in the past but looking forward to a future event.

KW
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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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04 May 2013, 00:00
Thanks Kyle and Shraddha. well explained.
would it definitely not future tense, it is conditional. but was just wondering why a condition of future is written in reference to past action. Kyle, your example is a good eye opener. seriously did not know this usage of past - future reference.
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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 02:41
In her 1851 magazine series,
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

I think 2 and 3 both are good contenders, here possessive pronoun her goes well with both Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission and Harriet Beecher Stowe. I hope we can apply possessive poison rule to clear that ambiguous considered reference.

Therefore I need alternate reason to select correct between option 2 and 3.
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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 14:36
PiyushK wrote:
In her 1851 magazine series,
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

I think 2 and 3 both are good contenders, here possessive pronoun her goes well with both Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission and Harriet Beecher Stowe. I hope we can apply possessive poison rule to clear that ambiguous considered reference.

Therefore I need alternate reason to select correct between option 2 and 3.

There are a few issues with the last part of option 2: "to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause". First a small issue - the comma is used incorrectly because you only have 2 items you are dealing with. There is a real problem has to do with Parallelism - "to portray" and "the abolitionist cause" are not parallel. There is also a meaning issue with "further". The correct meaning for the sentence is to say that Stowe furthered the abolitionist cause, not that she portrayed slavery further.

KW
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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 14:44
KyleWiddison wrote:
PiyushK wrote:
In her 1851 magazine series,
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

I think 2 and 3 both are good contenders, here possessive pronoun her goes well with both Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission and Harriet Beecher Stowe. I hope we can apply possessive poison rule to clear that ambiguous considered reference.

Therefore I need alternate reason to select correct between option 2 and 3.

There are a few issues with the last part of option 2: "to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause". First a small issue - the comma is used incorrectly because you only have 2 items you are dealing with. There is a real problem has to do with Parallelism - "to portray" and "the abolitionist cause" are not parallel. There is also a meaning issue with "further". The correct meaning for the sentence is to say that Stowe furthered the abolitionist cause, not that she portrayed slavery further.

KW

Thanks Kyle, Earlier I missed that parallelism and verb issue. I was not aware that further is acting as a verb.
All clear !!
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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 14:53
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That further piece is very tricky. That is a good little trick there by using the same word in two different ways: a verb or a modifier. When you see a word change places in the sentence, look to see if that change impacts the meaning of the sentence. Sometimes a small change in location can make a big difference.

KW
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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2015, 21:05
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

How can we say that in the sentence -> "later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin" to refer to her. Wouldn't it be illogical for "her" to refer to a magazine series and hence implicitly refers to the 1851 magazine series itself.

Take for eg:

In the accident, the car hit the tree, but it's engine was not damaged.

Now from the above sentence, its very clear that it's refers to the engine of car as it is illogical to say engine of the tree.

KyleWiddison wrote:
akashaggarwal88 wrote:
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

1. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
4. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery, furthering the abolitionist cause
5. which had later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

This question is heavy on the modifiers...

The first issue involves the phrase 'in her 1851 magazine series'. That phrase is meant to modify Harriet Beacher Stowe, but in choices B and D the phrase is incorrectly modifying her 'mission' and not Stowe herself.

The second modifier issue is whether to start the next modifying phrase (the part in commas) with 'later becoming' or 'which'. When you start the modifier with 'later becoming' it is unclear exactly what you are modifiying - the series, her, the entire previous section - but when you start with 'which' you can only be modifying the preceding noun - her 'magazine series'. We want to modify the 'series', so we can eliminate A.

That leaves C and E, but E incorrectly uses the past perfect tense 'had become', so we are left with C.

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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2015, 13:46
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

I don't think that letter A is definitely wrong, "later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin" clearly modifies "her 1851 magazine series" (why it would modify Harriet Beecher Stowe? She cannot become a novel.). However, I agree that letter C is much better.
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Re: In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2015, 20:34
akashaggarwal88 wrote:
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

1. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
2. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery further, and the abolitionist cause
3. which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause
4. later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s mission was to portray the impact of slavery, furthering the abolitionist cause
5. which had later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

Edit: carcass

using out common sense of this world we see that

in magazine series, the mission is to portray

is not logic. the mission can not do something in the magazine series. end of story. no grammar point here, just logic

in contrast, in magazine series, Hariedt portray. this is logic and happen in the real life.
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In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2015, 22:34
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E-gmat,

In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause.

The first part In her 1851 magazine series is prepositional phrase. prepositional phrase doesn't contain subject. how second part, later becoming the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin---- modifier, modifies the first part.

option C, which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause

here, which would later become the famous novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a dependent clause, whereas Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to portray the impact of slavery and further the abolitionist cause is independent clause.

My problem is how second part of option C is correct with respect to second part of option A.

egmat wrote:
Hi sdas,

I understand your point. The sentence can be written correctly using just the simple past tense as "which later became...". But again, we are not the author of the sentence.
The author has chose to write this sentence this way. And, this is the grammatical way of using the verb. If you watch documentaries, you will come across such narrations.

From the GMAT point, we need to choose the best possible answer choice. And C is that answer choice.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
In her 1851 magazine series, later becoming the famous novel   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2015, 22:34

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