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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college

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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Aug 2019, 23:05
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia's colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?


A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

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Originally posted by saurya_s on 14 Apr 2005, 17:39.
Last edited by Bunuel on 25 Aug 2019, 23:05, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2019, 03:52
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saurya_s wrote:
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia's colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?


A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

Similar question from GMATPrep: LINK


Avg salary for jobs needing college degree is higher than avg salary for jobs not needing college degree
Over the next four years, the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically.
Conclusion: Avg salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

A few assumptions:
- Number of job opening that need college degrees will increase in the next 4 years. What if people graduate but there are no extra high paying jobs.
- Jobs needing college degree will continue to pay more. What if once scarcity is gone, higher salary also goes away?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
Multiple college degree vs one is not a point of contention.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
Given in the argument - current enrolments are higher

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
This is our second assumption we discussed above. Hence is the answer.
rish2708 - We don't have to assume that the avg salary will decrease. We are just saying that our assumption to arrive at the conclusion that avg salary will increase is that those jobs will continue to pay extra and hence more such jobs will lead to higher avg salary.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
We are not assuming that other jobs will not start paying more. If they do, it actually helps our conclusion.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.
The place from where they earned degrees is irrelevant.

Answer (C)
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2005, 20:22
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I will go with 'C'

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
Too extreme to be assumed from the given passage.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
This cannot be assumed becos the passage does not mention anything about the intent of the college students.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with
a college degree.
This should be it. If this is not assumed then the large supply of college graduates will bring the demand/salaries down and therefore will not increase average salary for all workers.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
This cannot be assumed, because even if this is not true the average salary for all workers will increase.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries
Cannot be deduced from the passage.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2005, 20:23
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saurya_s wrote:
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.


C for me.

Fact 1: the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree > average salary for jobs that do not require a degree.

Fact 2: over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically.

Conclustion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

I think this has been talked as the fact 2. it cannot be assumption.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

this is best. if the demand decreases, then the average salary for jobs that require a college degree will not increase. The conclusion will be refuted.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

even if the average salary for jobs that do not require a college degree will increase, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia will still increase over the next four years.
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college deg  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2010, 07:29
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there are two types of assumptions: supporter and defender.

supporter: directly strengthens the conclusion.
All men like baseball games. Therefore, Jack likes baseball too.
supporter assumption: Jack is a man.

defender: protects the arguments by eliminating ideas that weaken the conclusion.
Jack is a lawyer and he is smart. Thus, studying law made Jack smart.
defender assumption: Jack was not smart before studying law

Conclusion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years
Possible reason of high pay: may be there are more jobs and less people who meet the requirement i.e. having a college degree.

C is also a defender assumption and is the right answer

another way to check assumption questions is to logically negate the answer and see if it weakens the conclusion.

Logical negative of C: the higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

the logical negative definitely weakens the conclusion and is the right answer
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 22:24
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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.


The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.->

Negate it.
Suppose higher average salary is due to scarcity of students with college degree.

Now, as there will be more students with college degree and students with college degree will be easily available ( no scarcity).
Then, the below will not hold true
"Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years."

It weakens.

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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 05:12
saurya_s wrote:
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia's colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.


A very good question

The answer is C

The argument is taking a big leap to predict that the people with college degrees will earn more and there will be more people with college degree .
There can be many reasons for the higher salary for people with college degrees.
C tells us that the higher salary is not due to the scarcity of jobs that require college degree.
If it is not true than the conclusion will as there will more people with college degree who can now perform the job so the salary will indeed decrease .


So C is the necessary assumption .
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 04:33
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Got this one correct, but took some time to do it :(

In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia's colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically.

Conclusion :Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Pre-thinking: Could not do much pre-thinking here. Just that the salary will either remain same or more for these people with college degree. And there should not be a drastic decrease in the salary of people without college degree, as that may bring down the overall average.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree. [Out of Scope: Not concerned with people with more than one degree]

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago. [This looked like a good option, but what I am concerned about is the percentage of people who have a college degree and not those who attended college (they might not get the degree). Thus discarded it.]

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree. [Took me some time to understand the sentence :-|. But this is the correct one. Negating this sentence would mean that higher salary is because of scarce workforce and if that is the case, then with the increase in the number of people with college degree, the average would go down. This shatters the argument. Hence this has to be the ASSUMPTION.]

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years. [It could remain constant but that does not impact the conclusion.]

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries. [Out of Scope - who cares where they got their degree from?]
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 20:04
The argument is that the average salary for ALL workers will INCREASE over the next 4 years.
This is because the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has been increasing. AND
Current enrollments of college students indicates a higher percentage of the workforce will have college degrees soon.

What does the argumentator assume?

Strictly C and D

C is correct. This must be true because if the higher average salary for college degree type jobs decreases as more supply of the workforce have college degrees then the average cost of labour will go down. C points denies the possibility of this happening, thus allowing the author's argument to be held true.

D even if the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree does NOT increase this doesn't affect the salary of the higher paying jobs, which are typically college degree jobs. If the salary does increase, we already know that these jobs aren't as high paying as college degree jobs, so the average won't be impacted as much.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college   [#permalink] 23 Jul 2019, 20:04
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