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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college

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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia's colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?


A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

Similar question from GMATPrep: LINK

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Originally posted by saurya_s on 14 Apr 2005, 16:39.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Aug 2018, 22:03, edited 2 times in total.
Added OA
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2005, 19:22
1
I will go with 'C'

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
Too extreme to be assumed from the given passage.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
This cannot be assumed becos the passage does not mention anything about the intent of the college students.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with
a college degree.
This should be it. If this is not assumed then the large supply of college graduates will bring the demand/salaries down and therefore will not increase average salary for all workers.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
This cannot be assumed, because even if this is not true the average salary for all workers will increase.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries
Cannot be deduced from the passage.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2005, 19:23
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saurya_s wrote:
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years. Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.


C for me.

Fact 1: the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree > average salary for jobs that do not require a degree.

Fact 2: over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically.

Conclustion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

I think this has been talked as the fact 2. it cannot be assumption.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

this is best. if the demand decreases, then the average salary for jobs that require a college degree will not increase. The conclusion will be refuted.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

even if the average salary for jobs that do not require a college degree will increase, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia will still increase over the next four years.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2005, 19:28
1) In Kravonia, average salary for jobs requiring a college degree > average salary for jobs that do not require a degree.

2) Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically.

3) Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years. <--conclusion

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
- Does not help.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
- Not important.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
- This is the answer. If the higher salary is due to a workforce with a limited skillset, then having more people with college degrees is likely to result in lower average salary.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
- Not important.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.
- Out of scope

C it is.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2005, 09:44
I used POE to get C, however i am still not totally clear about how it is C
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2005, 13:59
A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.

Not discussed at all. Easy elimination.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

Somewhat relevant. How else workforce with college degrees can increase?

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

Tricky one. If the need exhists because there are not enough enough college graduates then job marked for college graduates will be saturated and the average salary will drop.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

Somewhat relevant. I like it best.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

Irrelevant.


My guess is D.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 01:12
if we can not criticize and prethink an an answer before going to answer choices, you die among many ideas of the choices.

criticize and prethink an answer though this answer maybe is different from the official answer.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 01:53
sananoor wrote:
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.

Similar question from GMATPrep: LINK


There are two premises here.
First one states that average salary is higher for jobs with college degree now.
Second one states that the number of percentage of people with college degree will increase dramatically over the next 4 years.
Based on these two premises, author comes to the conclusion that average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.
When will the conclusion be broken down? If we are able to come up with a situation where in the average salary of workers in Kravonia won't increase, that will help us in finding the assumption involved here.
If the average salary of workers with college degree is not high after 4 years, the whole conclusion will break down.

Option C states this exact same point. If we negate option C, the conclusion will break down.
Hence C.
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 21:24
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia’s colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.


The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.->

Negate it.
Suppose higher average salary is due to scarcity of students with college degree.

Now, as there will be more students with college degree and students with college degree will be easily available ( no scarcity).
Then, the below will not hold true
"Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years."

It weakens.

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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 04:12
saurya_s wrote:
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia's colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries.


A very good question

The answer is C

The argument is taking a big leap to predict that the people with college degrees will earn more and there will be more people with college degree .
There can be many reasons for the higher salary for people with college degrees.
C tells us that the higher salary is not due to the scarcity of jobs that require college degree.
If it is not true than the conclusion will as there will more people with college degree who can now perform the job so the salary will indeed decrease .


So C is the necessary assumption .
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 03:33
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Got this one correct, but took some time to do it :(

In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia's colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically.

Conclusion :Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Pre-thinking: Could not do much pre-thinking here. Just that the salary will either remain same or more for these people with college degree. And there should not be a drastic decrease in the salary of people without college degree, as that may bring down the overall average.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree. [Out of Scope: Not concerned with people with more than one degree]

B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago. [This looked like a good option, but what I am concerned about is the percentage of people who have a college degree and not those who attended college (they might not get the degree). Thus discarded it.]

C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree. [Took me some time to understand the sentence :-|. But this is the correct one. Negating this sentence would mean that higher salary is because of scarce workforce and if that is the case, then with the increase in the number of people with college degree, the average would go down. This shatters the argument. Hence this has to be the ASSUMPTION.]

D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years. [It could remain constant but that does not impact the conclusion.]

E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries. [Out of Scope - who cares where they got their degree from?]
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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2018, 20:48
dimitri92 wrote:
here are two types of assumptions: supporter and defender.

supporter: directly strengthens the conclusion.
All men like baseball games. Therefore, Jack likes baseball too.
supporter assumption: Jack is a man.

defender: protects the arguments by eliminating ideas that weaken the conclusion.
Jack is a lawyer and he is smart. Thus, studying law made Jack smart.
defender assumption: Jack was not smart before studying law

Conclusion: the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years
Possible reason of high pay: may be there are more jobs and less people who meet the requirement i.e. having a college degree.

C is also a defender assumption and is the right answer

another way to check assumption questions is to logically negate the answer and see if it weakens the conclusion.

Logical negative of C: the higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.

the logical negative definitely weakens the conclusion and is the right answer
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Mentioning it here, as the explaination by dimitri92 is relevant to this question.
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In Kravonia the average Assumption question  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2018, 01:45
In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college degree has always been higher than the average salary for jobs that do not require a degree. Current enrollments in Kravonia's colleges indicate that over the next four years the percentage of the Kravonian workforce with college degrees will increase dramatically. Therefore, the average salary for all workers in Kravonia is likely to increase over the next four years.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Kravonians with more than one college degree earn more, on average, than do Kravonians with only one college degree.
B. The percentage of Kravonians who attend college in order to earn higher salaries is higher now than it was several years ago.
C. The higher average salary for jobs requiring a college degree is not due largely to a scarcity among the Kravonian workforce of people with a college degree.
D. The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.
E. Few members of the Kravonian workforce earned their degrees in other countries
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Re: In Kravonia the average Assumption question  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2018, 02:26
Hi,

In my opinion, the argument assumes that the jobs that do not require a degree will be unaffected i.e. They will remain the same in number and salary in thenext four years. By that logic the answer should be D.

Can anyone please help me find the flaw in my reasoning as the answer is clearly given to be C.

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Re: In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2018, 06:01
Merged posts.

rashedBhai

Kindly search before posting questions.

Thanks.
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New post 05 Nov 2018, 10:01
Two weakeners:
1. Average salary for degree holders is the result of low supply and higher demand.

2. College enrollment will not necessarily means acquirement of a degree. There could be dropouts or various other reasons for non awaradance of a degree.

Ans Choices C acts as a defender to weakener 1

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In Kravonia, the average salary for jobs requiring a college  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2018, 10:44
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udit816 wrote:
Hi,

In my opinion, the argument assumes that the jobs that do not require a degree will be unaffected i.e. They will remain the same in number and salary in thenext four years. By that logic the answer should be D.

Can anyone please help me find the flaw in my reasoning as the answer is clearly given to be C.

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Greetings udit816 :)

Your reasoning has flaw because the whole argument is about people with college degree: below there are three key points

• They have higher salary with degrees;
• The enrollment rate in colleges rose substantially;
• the average salary for all workers will increase in Kravonia;

So, as you see whole statement revolves around college degrees and higher salaries

Question: Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends? In other words, based on which assumption there is such prediction?

Now ask yourself a question. Why would you choose D? Don’t you think it is irrelevant?

Read option D again: The average salary in Kravonia for jobs that do not require a college degree will not increase over the next four years.

D is about jobs that DO NOT REQUIRE A COLLEGE DEGREES, but we are concerned about job salaries with college degrees.

Hence, D is out of scope. :)
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