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In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser

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In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the idea that maintaining calmness amid uncertainty and doubt, rather than experiencing an anxious urge to find solutions, is a genuine talent and possibly even a therapeutic tool.

(A) In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the

(B) Proposed first by John Keats, the notion of "negative capability," which scholars of psychology began to examine more seriously in recent years: this is the

(C) The notion of "negative capability," which John Keats first proposed and scholars of psychology recently began to take more seriously—the

(D) Proposed first by John Keats, and recently scholars of psychology began to take it more seriously, the notion of "negative capability" is the

(E) First proposed by John Keats, scholars of psychology have recently begun to take the notion of "negative capability" more seriously; this is the
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Originally posted by lequanftu26 on 16 Sep 2013, 08:25.
Last edited by hazelnut on 24 Sep 2017, 05:18, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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A is the only complete idea and sentence. All others have fragmentation or missed parallelism, or mis- modification


A. In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"— The clause after the dash modifies the noun idea negative capability. Must be a good choice.


B. Proposed first by John Keats, the notion of "negative capability," which scholars of psychology began to examine more seriously in recent years: this is the ------ The given choice is a fragment

C. The notion of "negative capability," which John Keats first proposed and scholars of psychology recently began to take more seriously—the ---- The given choice is unparelle; The part on one side of the coordinated conjunction and is a sub-clause, while the other side is full clause. Unparallel

D. Proposed first by John Keats, and recently scholars of psychology began to take it more seriously, the notion of "negative capability" is ----- the first part is a modifier and the second part is a clause; unparallel

E. First proposed by John Keats, scholars of psychology have recently begun to take the notion of "negative capability" more seriously; this is the --- Scholars were not proposed by Keats, the notion was

Choice A all the way
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2014, 08:05
In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the idea that maintaining calmness amid uncertainty and doubt, rather than experiencing an anxious urge to find solutions, is a genuine talent and possibly even a therapeutic tool.

A. In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the
Looks good, hold.
B. Proposed first by John Keats, the notion of "negative capability," which scholars of psychology began to examine more seriously in recent years: this is the
The part of the sentence preceding the colon is a fragment whether it should be a clause.
C. The notion of "negative capability," which John Keats first proposed and scholars of psychology recently began to take more seriously—the
Use of dash is incorrect, the role of the dash is to present additional and non necessary informations. The portion of the sentence preceding the dash is fragmented, we would need a clause here.
D. Proposed first by John Keats, and recently scholars of psychology began to take it more seriously, the notion of "negative capability" is the
"and recently" following the opening modifier is wrong we would expect the modified entity there instead. Additionally we have a run-on sentence issue.
E. First proposed by John Keats, scholars of psychology have recently begun to take the notion of "negative capability" more seriously; this is the
Here we have a modifier issue, scholars is not the right modified entity. "negative capability" should be modified instead
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the idea that maintaining calmness amid uncertainty and doubt, rather than experiencing an anxious urge to find solutions, is a genuine talent and possibly even a therapeutic tool.

A. In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the
Looks good no error found.

B. Proposed first by John Keats, the notion of "negative capability," which scholars of psychology began to examine more seriously in recent years: this is the
Fragmented sentence - verb is missing in for subject - the notion of "negative capability,"
'this is' vague
C. The notion of "negative capability," which John Keats first proposed and scholars of psychology recently began to take more seriously—the
Again fragmented, verb is missing.

D. Proposed first by John Keats, and recently scholars of psychology began to take it more seriously, the notion of "negative capability" is the
-ed modifier and clause are not parallel. further if we remove modifiers from second half of the sentence we will get construction as "is the idea,, is the"

E. First proposed by John Keats, scholars of psychology have recently begun to take the notion of "negative capability" more seriously; this is the
Modifier error + "this is" both wrong.
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2014, 21:07
russ9 wrote:
PiyushK wrote:
In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the idea that maintaining calmness amid uncertainty and doubt, rather than experiencing an anxious urge to find solutions, is a genuine talent and possibly even a therapeutic tool.

A. In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the
Looks good no error found.

B. Proposed first by John Keats, the notion of "negative capability," which scholars of psychology began to examine more seriously in recent years: this is the
Fragmented sentence - verb is missing in for subject - the notion of "negative capability,"
'this is' vague
C. The notion of "negative capability," which John Keats first proposed and scholars of psychology recently began to take more seriously—the
Again fragmented, verb is missing.

D. Proposed first by John Keats, and recently scholars of psychology began to take it more seriously, the notion of "negative capability" is the
-ed modifier and clause are not parallel. further if we remove modifiers from second half of the sentence we will get construction as "is the idea,, is the"

E. First proposed by John Keats, scholars of psychology have recently begun to take the notion of "negative capability" more seriously; this is the
Modifier error + "this is" both wrong.


My Piyush,

I have a couple of questions regarding your explanation:

- In A, the "have begun" threw me off. Isn't have supposed to be paired up with "began"?
- In B, why can't "proposed" be the verb in this sentence? If that's because it's in the modifier then why can't we say that the subject is "notion of neg cap" and the verb is "began"?
-In C - is the opening considered a modifier or the subject? How is it different from B if it's considered a subject?
- Does everything before the "dash" need to be an independent clause? I was under the impression that it can be a modifier type of setting as long as there is a full independent clause after the dash?

Thanks!


I would try to answer your questions..

Option A begins with "In recent years", A clear indicative that we don't know when exactly the action took place but know for certain it began in the past and continues in the present...Since the action continues in the present, we need a present perfect tense "have begun"

If you use the construction, "In the recent years, the scholars began" will not make sense. It says that in recent years, the scholars did something..

Option B "Proposed first by John Keats" is verb-ed modifier and the subject of the sentence is" notion of neg capablity" and there is no verb in the sentence.

"began is verb of the dependent clause or subordinate clause beginning with which "which scholars of psychology began "

Option C: The notion of "negative capability is the subject of the sentence and as correctly pointed by piyush does not have a verb. It is a fragment

When we use a dash or colon, the following clause is usually the explanation of the preceding independent clause.

Not that Independent clause can be joined with another independent clause in the following ways

IC, FANBOYS IC (FANBOYS: For, And,Nor,But,Or,Yet,So)
Or IC;IC or IC:IC (Usually in this case 2nd IC explains the first IC) or IC-IC (usually 2nd IC explains the first IC)

Hope my answers make sense....
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2014, 20:21
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Note : in this sentence we have to use present perfect tense which will have a construction like this
Have+ past participle of begin

Begin: base form
Began: used in past tense
Begun: past participle

So the use of began will be incorrect. Began cannot be used here..

For more on past participles of unusual verb form...check out mgmat sc..
You can also use the below link

http://www.usingenglish.com/reference/irregular-verbs/
http://www.eslcafe.com/grammar/verb_for ... ses11.html

Hope it helps
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2014, 20:15
mshrek wrote:
WoundedTiger wrote:
Note : in this sentence we have to use present perfect tense which will have a construction like this
Have+ past participle of begin

Begin: base form
Began: used in past tense
Begun: past participle

So the use of began will be incorrect. Began cannot be used here..

For more on past participles of unusual verb form...check out mgmat sc..
You can also use the below link

http://www.usingenglish.com/reference/irregular-verbs/
http://www.eslcafe.com/grammar/verb_for ... ses11.html

Hope it helps


Hi,
Please correct me if my understanding is wrong here. In the sentence "Amy has seen Europe" the verb "has seen" is in present perfect tense ?
Also, can you please state 2 e.g that show the usage of "have began" and "have begun". Thanks :)


Has seen is in present perfect tense and you use this sentence under following conditions

1. When the event took place in the past but its effects are still there

2. When the event took place in the immediate past

3. When the time frame is not given....For ex Amy has seen Europe but we don't know when..

4. We use present perfect tense with For and Since phrase..The usage of since should be in context of time...

Have began is incorrect usage...Correct usage in present perfect is have begun...

Note : Present perfect will have the following structure

has/have + Past Participle of the verb.

Begin: Base verb
Began: Simple past tense
Begun: Past participle-------> You use this in present perfect tenses....

Also, All perfect tenses uses past pariticiple and not simple past tense.


More on past participle :
http://www.usingenglish.com/reference/irregular-verbs/
http://www.eslcafe.com/grammar/verb_for ... ses11.html

Sentences:
Present perfect tenses
1.The celebrations for Diwali festival have already begun in India and will last till the end of this week....Present perfect tense
2.Our relationship began when we were in high school

Simple past tense
Where were you when the game began?
The story began in the Colonial Period.

Hope it helps
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2016, 01:32
lequanftu26 wrote:
In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the idea that maintaining calmness amid uncertainty and doubt, rather than experiencing an anxious urge to find solutions, is a genuine talent and possibly even a therapeutic tool.

A. In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously the notion, first proposed by John Keats, of "negative capability"—the
B. Proposed first by John Keats, the notion of "negative capability," which scholars of psychology began to examine more seriously in recent years: this is the
C. The notion of "negative capability," which John Keats first proposed and scholars of psychology recently began to take more seriously—the
D. Proposed first by John Keats, and recently scholars of psychology began to take it more seriously, the notion of "negative capability" is the
E. First proposed by John Keats, scholars of psychology have recently begun to take the notion of "negative capability" more seriously; this is the


This question could be solved mainly by analyzing the verb tenses:
- The original sentence is using "have begun" (present perfect), implying that scholar begun examining the mentioned notion in the past and are still examining it.
- Notice that options B/C/D do not convey this meaning.
- Regarding option choice E, notice that the meaning is completely changed here - and hence this option is not correct.

-> Hence, option choice A is the correct one.
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2018, 01:42
"scholars of psychology have begun to examine more seriously".... Doesn't MORE require a THAN here? If not, Why?
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Re: In recent years, scholars of psychology have begun to examine more ser   [#permalink] 30 Mar 2018, 01:42
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