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# In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st

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Re: In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st [#permalink]
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Hi everyone,
Got 6/7 correct in in 12:30 minutes, including 4:30 minutes to read and 8:00 minutes to answer the questions.

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P1

In the first paragraph the author presents 3 prominent works of women of Late American descendent, stating that they revolutionized the genre of autobiography.

Purpose: to present 3 prominent works of women of Late American descendent, stating that they revolutionized the genre of autobiography.

P2

In paragraph two we are simply told the reasons why these works are considered innovative, that is the use of the language, the different genres adopted....

Purpose: To stress the innovative aspects of these works

P3

In paragraph three the author analyzes why these autobiographies differ from the traditional ones. Lastly the author explains that the use of a complex form reflects the complexities of the writers identity's formation and that such complexity is intentional.

Purpose: to explain how such autobiographies differ from the traditional ones and why the form is complex and intentional

P4

In the last paragraph the author summarizes what was previously said, that is the non adherence to standards and the fact that they were not listened to.

Purpose: to summarize what has been said previously

Main point

To explain how the autobiographies of some women differed from the standard autobiographies

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1. Which one of the following most accurately expresses the main point of the passage?

Pre-thinking

Main point question

To explain how the autobiographies of some women differed from the standard autobiographies

(A) Certain Latina writers who formerly wrote mostly poetry and fiction have found through experimentation that the genre of autobiography suits their artistic purposes especially well.
(B) Latina autobiographers writing in the late 1980s set aside some standard conventions of autobiography in an effort to make the genre more suitable for the expression of their personal histories.
(C) There is a great diversity of styles and narrative strategies among recent traditional and nontraditional Latina autobiographers. Out of scope
(D) Through recent experimentation in autobiography, Latina writers have shown that nonfictional narrative can be effectively combined with other genres in a single literary work. not the purpose, just a detail
(E) Recent writings by Latina authors have prompted some literary critics who specialize in autobiography to acknowledge that differences in gender and ethnicity often underlie differences in writing styles. out of scope

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2. According to the passage, which one of the following was a motivating factor in certain Latina authors’ decisions regarding the structure of their autobiographical writings?

Pre-thinking

Detail question

From P3: the writers employ multigeneric and multivocal forms to express the complexities inherent in the formation of their identities.

(A) the importance of chronological ordering to those authors’ artistic goals
(B) those authors’ stated intention of avoiding certain nonnarrative genres
(C) those authors’ preference to avoid overt political expression
(D) the complexities of identity formation faced by those authors
(E) those authors’ judgment that poetry should not be a narrative medium

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3. The author’s discussion of Getting Home Alive serves primarily to

Pre-thinking

Function question

To show how much such autobiographies differ from the conventional ones.

Plus from P3: While this ordering may seem fragmentary and confusing, it is in fact a fully intentional and carefully designed experiment with literary structure.

(A) distinguish one type of experimental autobiography from two other types by Latina writers
(B) explain how certain Latina autobiographers combine journal entries and poems in their works
(C) demonstrate that the use of multiple voices is a common feature of Latina autobiography
(D) show why readers have difficulty understanding certain autobiographies by Latina writers
(E) illustrate the extent of certain Latina autobiographers’ experimentation with form and structure

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4. The passage indicates which one of the following about the Latina autobiographies that the author discusses?

Pre-thinking

Detail question

The common elects are discussed in P2: These collections are innovative at many levels. They confront traditional linguistic boundaries by using a mix of English and Spanish, and they each address the politics of multiple cultural identities by exploring the interrelationships among such factors as ethnicity, gender, and language. This effort manifests itself in the generically mixed structure of these works, which combine essays, sketches, short stories, poems, and journal entries without, for the most part, giving preference to any of these modes of presentation.

(A) Each contains some material that would ordinarily be regarded as belonging to a genre of literature other than autobiography.
(B) Each quotes from previously unpublished private journals or other private documents. never mentioned
(C) Each contains analysis of the ways in which its content was influenced by its author’s cultural background. Tempting but there is a word that makes this choice inconsistent and therefore wrong: analysis. While some of the autobiographies presented (note that the last one talks only about mother and a daughter but we don't know whether it deals with the author's past life or not) events from the author's past life, nowhere is mentioned that such authors made analysis
(D) Each contains writings that were produced by more than one author.never mentioned
(E) Each includes explanations of the methodologies that its author, or authors, used in writing the autobiography.never mentioned

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5. Based on the passage, the author’s attitude regarding Getting Home Alive, by Aurora Levins Morales and Rosario Morales, can be most accurately described as

Pre-thinking

Author's attitude question

From P3: While this ordering may seem fragmentary and confusing, it is in fact a fully intentional and carefully designed experiment with literary structure.

(A) disappointment in scholars’ failure to recognize it as an appropriate sequel to its authors’ purely fictional and poetic works
(B) expectation that readers in general might not readily recognize that there is a clear purpose for its unconventional organization
(C) surprise that academic commentators have treated it as having significance as a historical document
(D) confidence that it will be widely recognized by scholars as a work of both history and literary criticism
(E) insistence that it should be credited with having helped to broaden critics’ understanding of what counts as autobiography

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6. The author most likely intends to include which one of the following principles among the “existing generic parameters” referred in the passage?

Pre-thinking

Inference question

Such parameters refer to the parameters adopted in conventional autobiographies. In paragraph 3 we are given for example that one of these parameters is the chronological presentation of events.

(A) The events presented in an autobiography should be arranged sequentially according to when they actually happened.
(B) When different modes of presentation are combined in one literary work, no one mode should be given preference.
(C) Autobiographical writing should not have political overtones.
(D) Sketches and poems collected together in a single work need not be separated by genre within that work.
(E) Personal experiences can be represented in a compelling way in any literary genre.

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7. Which one of the following would, if true, most undermine the author’s claim in lines 51–56 about the effect that the Latina autobiographies discussed had on the genre of autobiography?

Pre-thinking

Weaken question

From last paragraph: Rather than forcing their personal histories to (line 51) conform to existing generic parameters, these writers have revolutionized the genre of autobiography, redrawing the boundaries of this literary form to make it more amenable to the expression of their own experiences.

Whats the conclusion here? ---->these writers have revolutionized the genre

What if they did not revolutionize the genre? What if someone already did what they did?

(A) Few autobiographical works published after 1985 have been recognized for their effective use of chronologically linear prose as a means of portraying the complexities of membership in multiple cultures. Completely irrelevant

(B) Few critically acclaimed books written by Latina authors have been autobiographical collections consisting partly or wholly of essays, poems, short stories, sketches, and journal entries.irrelevant

(C) Many autobiographies have been written by authors in the United States since 1985, and some of these present a unified, chronologically linear prose narrative in a single language.
irrelevant

(D) Several nineteenth-century autobiographies that are generally unknown among contemporary critics of twentieth-century autobiography are characterized by generically mixed structure and multiple authorship. What this choice tells us is that in a previous tie frame (the 19th century) someone already did what the authors mentioned in the passage attempted to do. Hence they did not revolutionize the genre at all

(E) Several multigeneric, non autobiographical collections consisting at least partly of poetry, short stories, or essays by Latina authors have been published since 1985, and many of these have been critically acclaimed for their innovative structures.strengthener

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It's a great day to be alive!
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Re: In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st [#permalink]
5/7 in 13.5 mins. what are difficulty levels for these questions?

is the question #7 a type of question usually seen on the test?
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Re: In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st [#permalink]
In Q.5 how can we eliminate option E ?
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Re: In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st [#permalink]
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ricardorr04 wrote:
5/7 in 13.5 mins. what are difficulty levels for these questions?

is the question #7 a type of question usually seen on the test?

The difficulty level of each question should be as such in my opinion:

Question #1: 600
Question #2: 600
Question #3: 550
Question #4: 700
Question #5: 650
Question #6: 650
Question #7: 700

Remember this is an LSAT official passage, Question #7 is something which is not contrary to GMAT standards but yes this is not a regular question which we often see in the GMAT RC.

Thank you
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Re: In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st [#permalink]
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Rashmiz wrote:
In Q.5 how can we eliminate option E ?

See the line in the later part of paragraph 3: "it is in fact a fully intentional and carefully designed experiment with literary structure". The author thinks that the book’s structure is ‘well-designed’. The author compliments Getting Home Alive and says nothing negative about the book.

Except for one time in paragraph 3, the author never mentions critics. The author does say that the books have revolutionized autobiography (these writers have revolutionized the genre of autobiography), but they don’t say whether critics have noticed. So E is wrong.
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Re: In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st [#permalink]
6. The author most likely intends to include which one of the following principles among the “existing generic parameters” referred in the passage?

(A) The events presented in an autobiography should be arranged sequentially according to when they actually happened.
(B) When different modes of presentation are combined in one literary work, no one mode should be given preference.
(C) Autobiographical writing should not have political overtones.
(D) Sketches and poems collected together in a single work need not be separated by genre within that work.
(E) Personal experiences can be represented in a compelling way in any literary genre

The key to answering the question lies in deciphering the meaning of the question, which is a bit hard to decipher. The question asks what “existing generic parameters” include according to author. We can easily establish that chronology is one of the parameters which corresponds to option A

Ans - A
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Re: In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st [#permalink]
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7. Which one of the following would, if true, most undermine the author’s claim in lines 51–56 about the effect that the Latina autobiographies discussed had on the genre of autobiography?

(A) Few autobiographical works published after 1985 have been recognized for their effective use of chronologically linear prose as a means of portraying the complexities of membership in multiple cultures. - use of chronology was an older concept - the passage talks about how latina writers broke the old barriers of structure, chronology etc in autobiographies. - INCORRECT
(B) Few critically acclaimed books written by Latina authors have been autobiographical collections consisting partly or wholly of essays, poems, short stories, sketches, and journal entries.- It will strengthen the author's claim - INCORRECT
(C) Many autobiographies have been written by authors in the United States since 1985, and some of these present a unified, chronologically linear prose narrative in a single language.- Not much can be known about the structure from this statement, just that some had chronologically linear prose, which will strengthen - - INCORRECT
(D) Several nineteenth-century autobiographies that are generally unknown among contemporary critics of twentieth-century autobiography are characterized by generically mixed structure and multiple authorship. - So many novels existed before these latina writers which had mixed structure and multiple authorship. So, their experiences did not bring about these structures but they were already present. ... It weakens the authors claim - CORRECT
(E) Several multigeneric, non autobiographical collections consisting at least partly of poetry, short stories, or essays by Latina authors have been published since 1985, and many of these have been critically acclaimed for their innovative structures. - non autobiographical collections is not in question ... autobiographical collections are in question --- No impact on authors assertion - - INCORRECT
Re: In the 1980s there was a proliferation of poetry collections, short st [#permalink]
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