GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 03 Jun 2020, 22:04

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 10497
Location: Pune, India
Re: In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2019, 23:39
3
1
gurpreet07 wrote:
In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recession has included a business downturn in the clothing trade, where sales are down by about 7 percent as compared to two years ago. Clothing wholesalers have found, however, that the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the change between the first and the second year of the recession in the proportion of credit not paid off on time?


(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

(B) Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Veltria saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.

(C) Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Veltria who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.

(D) Clothing retailers in Veltria attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.

(E) Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.


- There has been recession in which clothing sales are down by 7% in the last 2 years.
- But, the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

What is the meaning of the second sentence?
Wholesalers extend credit to retailers i.e. they supply material to retailers but say, have a 90 day credit cycle. After 90 days, the retailers need to pay for the goods given to them by wholesalers. The idea is that the retailers will get time to sell off at least part of the wares and hence get some working capital on hand to pay to the wholesalers. The second sentence tells us that the proportion of credit extended to retailers which was paid off on time (say within 90 days) decreased sharply in first year (presumably because sales of retailers were hit and they did not have enough capital on hand to pay the wholesalers on time) but, the proportion paid back returned to normal levels in year 2 of the recession. This is somewhat unexpected, right? Since recession is still there and sales are down by 7%, one might expect that proportion of credit paid back by retailers on time will stay low.

What explains this change from year 1 to year 2?

(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

Total amount of credit is irrelevant. We need to compare proportion of credit paid back on time.

(B) Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Veltria saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.

If costs increased for retailers, they would find it even harder to pay back to wholesalers on time. Why then did things get normal in year 2?

(C) Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Veltria who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.

The retailers facing difficulties (and presumably were unable to pay on time) went out of business in year 1. Hence, only the more stable retailers were left in year 2. This explains why the proportion of pay back on time became normal in year 2.
Correct.

(D) Clothing retailers in Veltria attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.

The sales were down by 7% in year 2. Discounts would have actually led to lower revenue in year 2 and hence it doesn't explain why retailers started paying on time again in year 2.

(E) Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.

We are talking about the entire industry, not just a section.

Answer (C)
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 16 Oct 2017
Posts: 52
Location: India
GPA: 4
Re: In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Mar 2019, 18:42
Hello everyone,

Though I managed to arrive at the correct answer by process of elimination, I couldn't understand the argument properly. Can someone please explain what the process of crediting is? I'd be grateful!
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 10497
Location: Pune, India
Re: In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Mar 2019, 22:18
applebear wrote:
Hello everyone,

Though I managed to arrive at the correct answer by process of elimination, I couldn't understand the argument properly. Can someone please explain what the process of crediting is? I'd be grateful!


I have explained the crediting process here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-the-count ... l#p2232683

Let me know if you are still unclear.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 16 Oct 2017
Posts: 52
Location: India
GPA: 4
Re: In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Mar 2019, 22:33
VeritasKarishma wrote:
gurpreet07 wrote:
In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recession has included a business downturn in the clothing trade, where sales are down by about 7 percent as compared to two years ago. Clothing wholesalers have found, however, that the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the change between the first and the second year of the recession in the proportion of credit not paid off on time?


(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

(B) Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Veltria saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.

(C) Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Veltria who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.

(D) Clothing retailers in Veltria attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.

(E) Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.


- There has been recession in which clothing sales are down by 7% in the last 2 years.
- But, the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

What is the meaning of the second sentence?
Wholesalers extend credit to retailers i.e. they supply material to retailers but say, have a 90 day credit cycle. After 90 days, the retailers need to pay for the goods given to them by wholesalers. The idea is that the retailers will get time to sell off at least part of the wares and hence get some working capital on hand to pay to the wholesalers. The second sentence tells us that the proportion of credit extended to retailers which was paid off on time (say within 90 days) decreased sharply in first year (presumably because sales of retailers were hit and they did not have enough capital on hand to pay the wholesalers on time) but, the proportion paid back returned to normal levels in year 2 of the recession. This is somewhat unexpected, right? Since recession is still there and sales are down by 7%, one might expect that proportion of credit paid back by retailers on time will stay low.

What explains this change from year 1 to year 2?

(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

Total amount of credit is irrelevant. We need to compare proportion of credit paid back on time.

(B) Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Veltria saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.

If costs increased for retailers, they would find it even harder to pay back to wholesalers on time. Why then did things get normal in year 2?

(C) Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Veltria who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.

The retailers facing difficulties (and presumably were unable to pay on time) went out of business in year 1. Hence, only the more stable retailers were left in year 2. This explains why the proportion of pay back on time became normal in year 2.
Correct.

(D) Clothing retailers in Veltria attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.

The sales were down by 7% in year 2. Discounts would have actually led to lower revenue in year 2 and hence it doesn't explain why retailers started paying on time again in year 2.

(E) Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.

We are talking about the entire industry, not just a section.

Answer (C)

Hello,
Thank you for your explanation. It is certainly very helpful. However, I have one small doubt...why is the question saying that the “credit extended to the retailers has decreased” instead of the “credit paid by the retailers”
Also, will the retailer pay for all the goods that was given to him by the wholesaler, or will he only pay for the goods that he managed to sell to the customers ?
Thanks in advance ?

Posted from my mobile device
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 17 Sep 2016
Posts: 342
Re: In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2020, 05:09
VeritasKarishma wrote:
gurpreet07 wrote:
In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recession has included a business downturn in the clothing trade, where sales are down by about 7 percent as compared to two years ago. Clothing wholesalers have found, however, that the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the change between the first and the second year of the recession in the proportion of credit not paid off on time?


(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

(B) Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Veltria saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.

(C) Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Veltria who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.

(D) Clothing retailers in Veltria attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.

(E) Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.


- There has been recession in which clothing sales are down by 7% in the last 2 years.
- But, the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

What is the meaning of the second sentence?
Wholesalers extend credit to retailers i.e. they supply material to retailers but say, have a 90 day credit cycle. After 90 days, the retailers need to pay for the goods given to them by wholesalers. The idea is that the retailers will get time to sell off at least part of the wares and hence get some working capital on hand to pay to the wholesalers. The second sentence tells us that the proportion of credit extended to retailers which was paid off on time (say within 90 days) decreased sharply in first year (presumably because sales of retailers were hit and they did not have enough capital on hand to pay the wholesalers on time) but, the proportion paid back returned to normal levels in year 2 of the recession. This is somewhat unexpected, right? Since recession is still there and sales are down by 7%, one might expect that proportion of credit paid back by retailers on time will stay low.

What explains this change from year 1 to year 2?

(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

Total amount of credit is irrelevant. We need to compare proportion of credit paid back on time.



but if the extension is longer then before, then some people can have more time to get money and pay on time, so I think is relative,

VeritasKarishma, would you please help further?

thanks in advance
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 10497
Location: Pune, India
Re: In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2020, 21:24
1
zoezhuyan wrote:
VeritasKarishma wrote:
gurpreet07 wrote:
In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recession has included a business downturn in the clothing trade, where sales are down by about 7 percent as compared to two years ago. Clothing wholesalers have found, however, that the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the change between the first and the second year of the recession in the proportion of credit not paid off on time?


(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

(B) Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Veltria saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.

(C) Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Veltria who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.

(D) Clothing retailers in Veltria attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.

(E) Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.


- There has been recession in which clothing sales are down by 7% in the last 2 years.
- But, the proportion of credit extended to retailers that was paid off on time fell sharply in the first year of the recession but returned to its prerecession level in the second year.

What is the meaning of the second sentence?
Wholesalers extend credit to retailers i.e. they supply material to retailers but say, have a 90 day credit cycle. After 90 days, the retailers need to pay for the goods given to them by wholesalers. The idea is that the retailers will get time to sell off at least part of the wares and hence get some working capital on hand to pay to the wholesalers. The second sentence tells us that the proportion of credit extended to retailers which was paid off on time (say within 90 days) decreased sharply in first year (presumably because sales of retailers were hit and they did not have enough capital on hand to pay the wholesalers on time) but, the proportion paid back returned to normal levels in year 2 of the recession. This is somewhat unexpected, right? Since recession is still there and sales are down by 7%, one might expect that proportion of credit paid back by retailers on time will stay low.

What explains this change from year 1 to year 2?

(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.

Total amount of credit is irrelevant. We need to compare proportion of credit paid back on time.



but if the extension is longer then before, then some people can have more time to get money and pay on time, so I think is relative,

VeritasKarishma, would you please help further?

thanks in advance


The option says "the total amount of credit extended" i.e. $1000 or $2000 etc. It doesn't mean that it is extended for a longer time period.
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Status: Aim for the moon. If you miss, you may hit a star.
Joined: 21 Jan 2020
Posts: 86
Location: United States (IL)
Schools: Kellogg PT '23, Booth
GPA: 3.63
WE: Project Management (Health Care)
In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2020, 07:09
We can approach this question as a quant reasoning one with below formula. The first part of the change can be easily understood: because of the economic recession, the financial ability of retailers to pay credits on time is jeopardized thus the proportion "fell sharply" during the 1st year. However the rate returned back to normal during the 2nd year, so something must happen to change the proportion: amount paid on time increased, or total amount of credits reduced or both at the same time.

Proportion =\(\frac{Amount Paid On Time}{Total Amount Of Credits}\)

With that in mind, looking at all choices:

(A) The total amount of credit extended to retailers by clothing wholesalers increased between the first year of the recession and the second year.
this means the total amount of credits increased before 2nd year, but we don't know about the amount paid on time. So this very likely result in an even smaller proportion in the 2nd year, incorrectanswer

(B) Between the first and second years of the recession, clothing retailers in Veltria saw many of their costs, rent and utilities in particular, increase.
so the operational cost increased for those retailers, that cannot be good for their profitability which directly impact whether they can pay on time and how much (you'll have to assume this relationship). So amount paid on time will likely reduce, while total amount stay the same. The proportion should fall in the 2nd year, incorrect

(C) Of the considerable number of clothing retailers in Veltria who were having financial difficulties before the start of the recession, virtually all were forced to go out of business during its first year.
this means the total amount of credit will fall in the 2nd year given "virtually all" those having financial difficulties (can't pay on time) went out of business while the ones without issues probably stay the same. Very close to the pre-thinking, keep it

(D) Clothing retailers in Veltria attempted to stimulate sales in the second year of the recession by discounting merchandise.
note the word "attempted" - this means we don't know whether the sales increased because of the discounting, even though it might do the magic. Very weak answer, but I'll keep it for now

(E) Relatively recession-proof segments of the clothing trade, such as work clothes, did not suffer any decrease in sales during the first year of the recession.
this answer tells me nothing about the profitability - if some divisions of clothing trade is doing well in the 1st year but the proportion still fall sharply, it won't be a strong factor to bring things back on track in the 2nd year. Incorrect

Then comparing C and D - even though C still lack a logic block to be fully valid "credits will be removed if retailers are out of business", but it's better than D to impact the proportion. D is my final answer.
GMAT Club Bot
In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio   [#permalink] 16 May 2020, 07:09

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 27 posts ] 

In the country of Veltria, the past two years' broad economic recessio

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne