In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose

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Director
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In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 10:55
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71% (02:15) correct 29% (01:51) wrong based on 47 sessions

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In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose out on potentially rich sources of insight into the past.
This is because private salvage companies keep the spoils of historical shipwrecks in the hands of private collectors.
Two recent discoveries illustrate the contrast between scholarly and private recoveries: a seventeenth-century
ship discovered by an archaeologist in the late 1990s has inspired several books and articles. In contrast, only
one book has been published about a steamship raised by a private salvage firm in 2003.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Most private salvage companies allow marine archaeologists to examine artifacts recovered from shipwrecks
before those artifacts are sold to private collectors.
B. Shipwreck discoveries have declined rapidly since the mid-1970s and could run out entirely in about thirty years.
C. It takes several years after any given historical shipwreck is discovered for scholars to begin publishing books
D. Marine archaeologists’ discoveries of historical shipwrecks often occur during expeditions funded by private donors.
E. Only private salvage companies have the resources to search the deeper and trickier waters where most
remaining undiscovered shipwrecks are likely located.

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
after discussions...

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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 11:37
---I think the corrrect one bang on would be the option (E) . if only private salvage companies have the resources and ability to dig in deep in the sea to excavate the remaining shipwrecks, as provided in the context they would see that to the private collectors

Please explain if i am wrong

Thanks
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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 15:35
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Its a tough one i m nt sure bt i think answer should be B

It cant be E, since the archeologist in past have done such excavations so they must have expertise
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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 20:50
gmatbull wrote:
In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose out on potentially rich sources of insight into the past.
This is because private salvage companies keep the spoils of historical shipwrecks in the hands of private collectors.
Two recent discoveries illustrate the contrast between scholarly and private recoveries: a seventeenth-century
ship discovered by an archaeologist in the late 1990s has inspired several books and articles. In contrast, only
one book has been published about a steamship raised by a private salvage firm in 2003.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Most private salvage companies allow marine archaeologists to examine artifacts recovered from shipwrecks
before those artifacts are sold to private collectors.
B. Shipwreck discoveries have declined rapidly since the mid-1970s and could run out entirely in about thirty years.
C. It takes several years after any given historical shipwreck is discovered for scholars to begin publishing books
D. Marine archaeologists’ discoveries of historical shipwrecks often occur during expeditions funded by private donors.
E. Only private salvage companies have the resources to search the deeper and trickier waters where most
remaining undiscovered shipwrecks are likely located.

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
after discussions...

IMO E, for the reasons mentioned in BLUE

A. Most private salvage companies allow marine archaeologists to examine artifacts recovered from shipwrecks
before those artifacts are sold to private collectors.
- Weakens. archaeologists gets their hands on them no matter what!

B. Shipwreck discoveries have declined rapidly since the mid-1970s and could run out entirely in about thirty years.
So? We are interested in who is discovering these things.

C. It takes several years after any given historical shipwreck is discovered for scholars to begin publishing books
Out of scope!

D. Marine archaeologists’ discoveries of historical shipwrecks often occur during expeditions funded by private donors.
Weakens.

E. Only private salvage companies have the resources to search the deeper and trickier waters where most
remaining undiscovered shipwrecks are likely located.
This is OK. If Only private companies are capable to discover these shipwrecks then we can strengthen the conclusion, which is marine archaeologists will continually lose out on potentially rich sources of insight into the past"

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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 22:33
Conclusion: Marine Archaeologists will continue to lose out on rich resources.
Evidence: Pvt Salvage companies keep the historical shipwrecks. Tow incidence to show the contrast publishing finding is shown is provided.

Assumption: 1. Marine Archaeologist have no access to private collectors spoils of shipwrecks.
2. The private Salvage companies will continue to discover more shipwrecks.
3. The data published by Private salvage firm will not have much insights of the shipwrecks.

Let's look at the answer choices:
A- Incorrect. It weakens the argument as it addresses Assumption 1 above.
B-Incorrect. Even if the shipwreck discoveries have declined, we don't know how much was done by marine and by private. Out of scope.
C-Incorrect. Out of scope. When the scholars start the publishing is nothing to do with the conclusion.
D- Incorrect. Pvt donors are not mentioned in the argument. Out of scope.
E- Correct. It refers to Assumption 2 above.
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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 22:58
gmatbull wrote:
In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose out on potentially rich sources of insight into the past.
This is because private salvage companies keep the spoils of historical shipwrecks in the hands of private collectors.
Two recent discoveries illustrate the contrast between scholarly and private recoveries: a seventeenth-century
ship discovered by an archaeologist in the late 1990s has inspired several books and articles. In contrast, only
one book has been published about a steamship raised by a private salvage firm in 2003.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Most private salvage companies allow marine archaeologists to examine artifacts recovered from shipwrecks
before those artifacts are sold to private collectors.
B. Shipwreck discoveries have declined rapidly since the mid-1970s and could run out entirely in about thirty years.
C. It takes several years after any given historical shipwreck is discovered for scholars to begin publishing books
D. Marine archaeologists’ discoveries of historical shipwrecks often occur during expeditions funded by private donors.
E. Only private salvage companies have the resources to search the deeper and trickier waters where most
remaining undiscovered shipwrecks are likely located.

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
after discussions...

The conclusion is :
marine archaeologists will continually lose out on potentially rich sources of insight into the past.
Becuase:
private salvage companies keep the spoils of historical shipwrecks in the hands of private collectors.

Only option E strengthens this conclusion. if all remaining shipwrecks are located in deeper and trickier waters and If "only" private companies have resources to search there, it is likely that whatever they found will go in the hands of private collectors and marine archaeologists will lose out on rich sources of insight into the past.

Ans E it is!
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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2012, 01:22
gmatbull wrote:
In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose out on potentially rich sources of insight into the past.
This is because private salvage companies keep the spoils of historical shipwrecks in the hands of private collectors.
Two recent discoveries illustrate the contrast between scholarly and private recoveries: a seventeenth-century
ship discovered by an archaeologist in the late 1990s has inspired several books and articles. In contrast, only
one book has been published about a steamship raised by a private salvage firm in 2003.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Most private salvage companies allow marine archaeologists to examine artifacts recovered from shipwrecks
before those artifacts are sold to private collectors.
B. Shipwreck discoveries have declined rapidly since the mid-1970s and could run out entirely in about thirty years.
C. It takes several years after any given historical shipwreck is discovered for scholars to begin publishing books
D. Marine archaeologists’ discoveries of historical shipwrecks often occur during expeditions funded by private donors.
E. Only private salvage companies have the resources to search the deeper and trickier waters where most
remaining undiscovered shipwrecks are likely located.

OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
after discussions...

1.43
Conclusion: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose out on potentially rich sources of insight into the past.
Reason: This is because private salvage companies keep the spoils of historical shipwrecks in the hands of private collectors.
Logical Intent- Private firms must be a sort of hindrance.
A) Most private salvage companies allow marine archaeologists to examine artifacts recovered from shipwrecks
before those artifacts are sold to private collectors. Here this option implies that archaelogists get their full hands on ships before these ships are being given to private holders. So if any reduction, in the #of scholastic books, happens then these archaelogists must be thrashed.
b) Shipwreck discoveries have declined rapidly since the mid-1970s and could run out entirely in about thirty years. Let it be. Irrelevant
c) It takes several years after any given historical shipwreck is discovered for scholars to begin publishing books
and articles about that find Weakens. It could have been a nice contender if the question were of weaken type. But for now, kick it.
d) Marine archaeologists’ discoveries of historical shipwrecks often occur during expeditions funded by private donors Weakens. It could have been a nice contender if the question were of weaken type. But for now, kick it.
e) Correct
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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2012, 00:28
In the absence of E, would the statement below be a good strengthener?
Most of the publications on private archeological recoveries are sold in a market where marine
archaeologists have little or no access.
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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2012, 01:54
gmatbull wrote:
In the absence of E, would the statement below be a good strengthener?
Most of the publications on private archaeological recoveries are sold in a market where marine
archaeologists have little or no access.

I don't think that will be good strengthener because we will be 2 steps away from strengthening the conclusion.

1. We will have to assume that the publication on private archaeological recoveries will contain significant insights.
2. That these publication are sold only in market where marine archaeologist have little or no access.
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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2012, 03:09
gmatbull wrote:
In the absence of E, would the statement below be a good strengthener?
Most of the publications on private archeological recoveries are sold in a market where marine
archaeologists have little or no access.

Hii GMATBULL...how are you doing?
Regarding the very good question you raised, I will say that it will the right answer to the question "Which of the following would MOST strengthen the argument?" ONLY IF E is discarded. Honestly speaking, in that case the question will become flawed as it will have no proper answer. Reason is already given by VineetK in the previous post.
By the way, you havn't disclosed the source from which you are getting these beautiful questions, be it CR or RC. In fact I am waiting for a stumper in RC from your side.
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Re: In the future, marine archaeologists will continually lose   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2012, 03:09
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