Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 5898

In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
04 Apr 2016, 07:15
Question Stats:
42% (01:17) correct 58% (01:47) wrong based on 73 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 runs only through 4s and 6s. In how many ways can the Team A score these 200 runs? A. 13 B. 15 C. 16 D. 17 E. 18 Kudos for BEST and SHORTEST Method..
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.
_________________
Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolutemodulusabetterunderstanding210849.html#p1622372 Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
GMAT online Tutor



Manager
Joined: 08 Aug 2015
Posts: 52

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
04 Apr 2016, 07:22
4x + 6y = 200...Sorry, no idea how to solve this. Very interested in the approach though. Nice questions, thanks for posting!



SC Moderator
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1689
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GPA: 4
WE: Analyst (Retail)

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
04 Apr 2016, 07:38
Team A can score a maximum of 50 fours and a minimum of 2 fours with an interval or spacing of 3 units to accommodate the 6's.
So the number of fours scored forms an AP 2, 5, 8, ... 50 with a common difference of 3.
Number of ways of scoring 200 only through 4's and 6's = (50  2)/3 + 1 = 17
Answer: D
Alternate solution: 4x + 6y = 200 > 2x + 3y = 100
x = (100  3y)/2 > 100  3y should be even. This is possible when 3y is even.
There are 17 even multiples of 3 between 0 and 100.
Answer: D



Intern
Joined: 11 Mar 2014
Posts: 30

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
04 Apr 2016, 10:28
it takes max 34 balls ( 6* 33= 198 +1*4=202) And max 50 balls by hitting only fours all other combinations are in between hence calculating from 34 balls to 50 balls ans = 17



Board of Directors
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 3511
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
04 Apr 2016, 11:26
chetan2u wrote: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 runs only through 4s and 6s. In how many ways can the Team A score these 200 runs? A. 13 B. 15 C. 16 D. 17 E. 18
Self Made : OA  2 days Kudos for BEST and SHORTEST Method.. IMHO the best way has already been posted by Vyshak just expanding a bit  The point to remember here is that the No of 4s and 6s must be positive whole numbers. Further as vp101 has put forward the equation  4x + 6y = 200 Here substitute x for the minimum value that will yield y as a positive real number as below Attachment:
Runs.PNG [ 4.86 KiB  Viewed 1861 times ]
Scrutinize U will see a pattern of 4s scored increases in a definite manner { 2, 5 , 8 , 11......50 } Our goal is to maximize 4s ( That will automatically minimize 6s ) So, count the possible number of 4s (The same can also be calculated by AP formula ) as follows  Attachment:
4s.PNG [ 5.42 KiB  Viewed 1860 times ]
Though a bit lengthy ( my intentions were just to expand the wonderful explanation provided by Vyshak
_________________
Thanks and Regards
Abhishek....
PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS
How to use Search Function in GMAT Club  Rules for Posting in QA forum  Writing Mathematical Formulas Rules for Posting in VA forum  Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )



Manager
Joined: 14 May 2014
Posts: 71
Location: India
GPA: 3.44

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
05 Apr 2016, 08:39
chetan2u wrote: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 runs only through 4s and 6s. In how many ways can the Team A score these 200 runs? A. 13 B. 15 C. 16 D. 17 E. 18
Self Made : OA  2 days Kudos for BEST and SHORTEST Method.. So together we have 200 runs 1st way>200/4=50...which means this score can be attained in 50 balls (22/6 is not divisible so its not the other way) 2nd way> (2 fours 32 sixes=200runs),(5 fours 30 sixes) and so on we can see a pattern here for number of sixes 32 sixes then 30 sixes bla bla bla so 32/2= 16 ways combining 1st and 2nd we have 16+1=17 ways



Manager
Joined: 01 Jul 2010
Posts: 62
Location: India
GPA: 3.4

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
05 Apr 2016, 08:55
For the combination of 4s and 6s take LCM of 4 and 6. The answer is 12. Dividing 200 by 12 we get 16 ways (With 8 as the remainder)
One cannot score 200 with 6s alone , so its 0 way
One can score 200 with 50 4s, so its 1 way
Total possibilities =16+0+1 =17 ways
Ans D



Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 5898

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
05 Apr 2016, 19:59
chetan2u wrote: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 runs only through 4s and 6s. In how many ways can the Team A score these 200 runs? A. 13 B. 15 C. 16 D. 17 E. 18
Self Made : OA  2 days Kudos for BEST and SHORTEST Method.. Hi, The equation made is 4x + 6y =200 OR 2x+3y=`100.... FROM 2x + 3y = 100 we can make out y has to be even...so 3y will be a multiple of 6... now 100  multiple of 6 will be div by 2.. How many such numbers are there? 100/6 = 16 numbers.. One more case is when y is 0, So total 16+1=17 waysans D
_________________
Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolutemodulusabetterunderstanding210849.html#p1622372 Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
GMAT online Tutor



Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2016
Posts: 367
GPA: 3.98

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
11 Nov 2016, 06:37
4x+6y=200
Divide common factor 2
2x+3y=100 3y=1002x 3y=2(50x)
y=2n; 50x=3n => x=503n
There is no indication that both 4s and 6s must definitely be used, that means we can use either 4s, or 6s, or 4s and 6s together. So x,y ≥0 From that \(n\) can take following values:
0, 1, 2 , 3 ….. up to 16 (from 17 \(x\) becomes negative).
Total number of elements in sequence is 17



Manager
Joined: 17 Feb 2014
Posts: 106
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35 GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V42
WE: Programming (Computer Software)

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
12 Nov 2016, 16:41
chetan2u wrote: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 runs only through 4s and 6s. In how many ways can the Team A score these 200 runs? A. 13 B. 15 C. 16 D. 17 E. 18
Kudos for BEST and SHORTEST Method.. Not sure why this question has been categorized as "Combinations". All it is asking you is to find out # of pairs of x and y for which the equation \(4x + 6y = 200\) holds true. Solution: We know that x and y have to be nonnegative integers. However, x can not be 0 or 1 as for those values y does not have integer solution (200/6, 196/6 are not integers). So the minimum value of x for which y has an integer solution is 2 (and corresponding y = 192/6 = 32) Also note that LCM for (4, 6) is 12, hence every 2 6s can be replaced by 3 4s. So we increase x by 3 and decrease y by 2 to get the next pair and so on. 1st pair > (2, 32) 2nd pair > (5, 30) 3rd pair > (8, 28) ... nth pair > (50, 0) x => {2, 5, 8, ..., 50} y => {32, 30, 28, ..., 0} All we have to do is to use formula for AP on either values of x or values of y to get the value of n. => 50 = 2 + 3(n1) [Last term = 50, First Term = 2; d = 3] => n = 17



Intern
Joined: 20 Dec 2014
Posts: 37

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
03 Feb 2018, 00:15
raarun wrote: For the combination of 4s and 6s take LCM of 4 and 6. The answer is 12. Dividing 200 by 12 we get 16 ways (With 8 as the remainder)
One cannot score 200 with 6s alone , so its 0 way
One can score 200 with 50 4s, so its 1 way
Total possibilities =16+0+1 =17 ways
Ans D Very interesting approach will be trying this on other linear equations problem to see if it works universally, would you be any chance have further details on this approach?
_________________
Kindly press "+1 Kudos" to appreciate



Director
Joined: 14 Nov 2014
Posts: 667
Location: India
GPA: 3.76

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
03 Feb 2018, 05:52
solved in this way : reduce the Eq to : 2x + 3y = 100 now we can have a solution when Y = 0 (only 4 hits ) = 1 , but when x = 0 no solution = 0 ( only 6's ) we can have a integer solution for 2x + 3y = 100 when 3y = even(as 2x will always be even) , that is 3y = 6,12,18.....altogether 16 ways ... total 16 + 1 = 17



Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2017
Posts: 368
Location: Malaysia
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)

Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 [#permalink]
Show Tags
03 Feb 2018, 07:14
chetan2u wrote: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200 runs only through 4s and 6s. In how many ways can the Team A score these 200 runs?
A. 13 B. 15 C. 16 D. 17 E. 18
Kudos for BEST and SHORTEST Method.. Let a be the number of 4's and b be the number of 6's. Here a and b has to nonnegative integers.\(a = 50  \frac{3b}{2}\). For a to be positive \(\frac{3b}{2} < 50\) and b should be even integer.So, b value will from 0  33 and even integer... Total, 17.
_________________
If my Post helps you in Gaining Knowledge, Help me with KUDOS.. !!




Re: In the next Cricket World Cup T20, Team A has decided to score 200
[#permalink]
03 Feb 2018, 07:14






