GMAT Changed on April 16th - Read about the latest changes here

It is currently 22 Apr 2018, 19:09

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

6 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Mar 2008
Posts: 78
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2008, 19:09
6
This post received
KUDOS
40
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:15) correct 49% (01:31) wrong based on 2958 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
4 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Jul 2007
Posts: 255
Re: CR- healthcare [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 27 Jul 2008, 16:26
4
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
droopy57 wrote:
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other healthcare workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

a. The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
b. The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will incrase more than that of other health care workers
c. As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
d. Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
e. Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.


median age increases because the number of older people increase. The total health cost will increase with this trend only if the cost of healthcare for old people will increase. So, C should be the right answer.

E - doesn't necessarily need to be true. Even if not all regions see this trend, the average salary of doctors can still go up.

Originally posted by sanjay_gmat on 27 Jul 2008, 16:24.
Last edited by sanjay_gmat on 27 Jul 2008, 16:26, edited 1 time in total.
2 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
Posts: 912
Re: CR- healthcare [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jul 2008, 05:42
2
This post received
KUDOS
I chose C.

B. The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will incrase more than that of other health care workers

The reason I don't like this answer is because we cannot really assume that doctors and physical therapists compensation > healthcare workers. If physical therapists and healthcare workers compensation > doctors, the average compensation is still going up.

I feel that the way this answer is worded is very limiting.
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 10 Jul 2011
Posts: 109
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
Re: CR- healthcare [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2011, 13:21
1
This post received
KUDOS
I thought of this as a Demand-Supply problem.

It states that the supply of resources (doctors, nurses etc.) is expected to increase. The increase in supply tends to decrease the price (compensation/salary). However, as it states, the average compensation is not expected to decline instead likely to rise.
The above scenario (increase in supply and simultaneous increase in price) can only happen if the demand (of healthcare services) also increases.
Now, it tries to explain the above scenario (increase in supply and simultaneous increase in price) by saying that this is due to (at-least partly) increase in median age.
However, an increase in median age does not link-up with the demand thing unless it can be deduced that the increase in median age is likely to increase demand (of healthcare services).

Option C exactly says that.

Click 'Kudos' if you liked my explanation.
Expert Post
6 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
S
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2499
Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jan 2013, 02:19
6
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
droopy57 wrote:
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide. Even so, the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase. This is due, at least partly, to the fact that the median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time.

The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.


Hi,

To find out the assumption, we first need to find out the premises and the conclusion to locate the gaps.

Premise: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and other health care workers will increase significantly worldwide.
Premise: median age of the world’s population will increase steadily in this same period of time
Conclusion/Prediction: the average compensation received by such professional will not decline but rather is likely to increase

I think some of the confusion could have been in identifying the conclusion. It's not stated directly using keywords like therefore, as a result etc.

Rather, it's written in a counter observation style "Even so,...". This makes it quite tricky to identify it as the conclusion. However, reading the third statement gives us a clue that the second statement is indeed a conclusion. This is because the third statement tries to explain the second one, while the first statement is treated more or less a factual or certain statement.

Now, after the conclusion has been identified, we can either move directly to the options or pre-think what could be an assumption. The strategy advised by e-GMAT is pre-thinking.

So, let's try to pre-think an assumption:

It says that number of workers will increase and the conclusion is that their average compensation will also increase. We know that increase in compensation could either be the result of increased number of work hours or increased payment per hour. So, older people should either provide more work to these workers or provide more payment for the same amount of time. The first part i.e. more work, is what is given in option C. Therefore, this is the correct choice.

For completion, let's look at other choices too:

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span - Incorrect. No confusions.
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers - We are talking about doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers as a group in the passage while this statement treats them differently. This statement will not even fit in the argument. Incorrect.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care. - We are not talking about America specifically. Incorrect.
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world. - What if this doesn't occur and only Japanese age? Can't workers salaries increase in that case? If salaries in rest of the world remain constant while salaries in Japan rise, average salary will increase. Since negation of this statement doesn't invalidate the conclusion, this is not an assumption.

Hope this helps :)

Let me know if further clarity is required.

You may also want to attend the event this weekend to learn how to improve by up to 70 points in 25 days.

Image

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
S
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2499
In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Mar 2013, 09:23
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
shamilshah22 wrote:
Chiranjeev,

I agree that all except C are not answers.

But still difficult to understand why C is answer...

C says Older people "receive" more attention from health care workers....!! don't you think it should be "require" instead of " receives"??

Because IMO C option means workers pay more attention towards older people than younger people...!!

Please explain...


Hi,

I agree with you that technically it should be "require" instead of "receive". The demand of doctors exist due to the requirement of the people, not due to preferences of the doctors themselves.

Technically, you are right.

However, there are two reasons in support of option C:
1. As we have seen, there is no better option than C.
2. There is nothing to suggest that doctors pay unnecessary attention to older people. I mean it would be a safe assumption to say that doctors generally provide attention per requirements of the patients, not because doctors have soft corner for the older people.

Now, since more attention is paid to these older people, more doctors are required for the same number of patients. Therefore, there will be increased demand for the doctors.

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
VP
VP
User avatar
G
Status: MBA Admissions Consultant
Affiliations: MBA Prep Coach
Joined: 24 Mar 2015
Posts: 1183
Farrell D Hehn: MBA
Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2016, 05:02
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Is this an official guide question? Because I don't think it seems all that representative. You have to make quite a few assumptions to get to the conclusion. Like why would we assume that they would increase the salary.

Just because there might be higher demand doesn't necessarily mean that there will be a salary increase.

And how are we to really know increase in median age equates to higher salary and more demand for healthcare. It sounds logical, but there are a lot of things that sound logical and they are not the right answer.

Just a crappy question all the way around in my opinion.

Farrell Dyan Hehn, MBA
Admissions Consultant & Verbal Strategist MBAPrepCoach.com
_________________

Farrell Dyan
http://MBAPrepCoach.com
http://PoetsandQuants.com/Consultants/Farrell-Dyan
"You don't often come across people so perceptive and empathetic." - EM, NYC

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 Jun 2015
Posts: 244
GMAT 1: 540 Q39 V26
GMAT 2: 680 Q46 V37
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2016, 21:55
Healthcare workers are going to increase in number.
The pay also is going to increase.
This is possible only when the supply of patients increases. This is further possible if the patients supplied into the market are those needing more medical attention, eventually paying more. Option C captures this idea.

Why not A?(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
The argument has nothing do to with lifespan. Speaking mathematically, the arguments says 4x + 2y = 10. Find X. While, statement 1 suggests Z is a boy.

Why not B?(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
Agreed that the increase in compensation increases the pay. But, what if there are no patients? What is the multiplying factor is minimal.

Why not D? (D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
it may be that the research is costly. Also, may be only medicine is costly. The use of words that narrow the spectrum in healthcare make this option less airtight.

Why not E? (E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.
What if the median age increases and nobody falls sick?
_________________

Fais de ta vie un rêve et d'un rêve une réalité

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 462
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2017, 13:47
The argument above depends logically upon which of the following assumptions?

(A) The increase in the number of health care workers will be responsible for the increase in the average life span
The increase in the life span of the health care workers is out of scope.
(B) The compensation of doctors and physical therapists who treat the elderly will increase more than that of other health care workers
this is not the assumption but a premise which is not supported in the argument so out of scope.
(C) As a group, older people receive more attention from health care workers than do younger people.
The reason why the salary of the healthcare workers will increase is because they have to work with more number of elderly who required more medical assistance than do younger people.this choice also passes the negation test.
(D) Geriatrics, a branch of medicine focusing on the health problems of older people, is the most expensive element of American health care.
geriatrics is a small portion of the entire medical and health support group which does not represents all the group so is limited ,
(E) Increase in the median age of the population will occur in all regions of the world.
the point is already mentioned in the argument,an argument is something which is not explicitly mentioned in the argument.
Re: In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and   [#permalink] 22 Feb 2017, 13:47
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the next four years, the number of doctors, nurses, and

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.