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In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of

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In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Jul 2018, 08:03
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Question 1
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Question Stats:

28% (01:47) correct 72% (02:45) wrong based on 79

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Question 2
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22% (00:55) correct 78% (00:53) wrong based on 65

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Question 3
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28% (00:51) correct 72% (00:58) wrong based on 64

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Question 4
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Question Stats:

38% (00:50) correct 62% (00:40) wrong based on 61

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Source: McGraw Hills GMAT 2013 (112)

Difficulty level: 650 agree or not?

In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of the most influential, even if it has been said that no thinker has ever had his words more badly misrepresented, by supporters and detractors alike, than Karl Marx. After Marx, no social discipline was safe from an assault by Marxist thinkers. However, while the views and insights brought to bear by Marxists have helped to illuminate relationships in some disciplines, the Marxist worldview has been less successful when applied to certain human interactions. For example, Marxist perspectives on global power relations have been assailed by many critics.

Because Marx himself was especially concerned with economics, his followers have tended to elevate economic concerns, including the class struggle and control over the means of production, over all other areas. Thus, when analyzing the balance of power on a global level, key concepts such as nationalism, security, and the state are virtually ignored by Marxist scholars. On a theoretical level, it may be useful to strip away these concepts to more closely examine certain other dynamics at work, but the Marxist view often fails to describe what actually happens in the real world. Consider the strong nationalism evident in Poland, even after generations of one-party Communist rule.

Also, the Marxist devotion to capitalism leads to simplifications on the world stage. Marxist political scientists typically refer to the “world capitalist system” when analyzing interactions among nations, but this definition has less and less relevance when applied to the variety of economies at work in the world. Where do countries with transitional or developing economies such as China, Russia, and North Korea fit into this schema? Ultimately, a Marxist view of global interactions sacrifices a great many crucial concepts at the altar of one overarching economic perspective. Some critics have likened such a view to an analysis of Shakespeare’s Hamlet that neglects to discuss the protagonist and his motivations.

1. The passage suggests which of the following about Karl Marx?

A. Marx has had more influence on more disciplines than has any other thinker.
B. He focused too much of his efforts on economic issues.
C. Some believe the meaning of his work has been distorted to support a variety of views.
D. Marx launched an assault on the social sciences.
E. Marx’s views have been less than successful in describing economic relationships.


2. The author of the passage most probably discusses Poland in order to

A. refute an argument about the viability of Communism as an economic system
B. highlight an example of a country in which Communism has failed to take hold
C. demonstrate how theoretical descriptions of nationalism conform to real world examples
D. provide an illustration of a deficiency in the viewpoint held by certain scholars
E. prove that Marxist scholars have been unable to accurately describe the real world


3. The passage suggests that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements?

A. Global power relations are too complex to be effectively explained in terms of a single variable.
B. The Marxist view of global relations should be abandoned because of its failures to accurately describe the world.
C. The economies of China, Russia, and Korea will eventually transition to fully fledged capitalism.
D. Marx’s followers have misrepresented his work in an effort to apply his economic ideas to a global setting.
E. Any view of global relationships must include concepts of nationalism, security, and the state in order to accurately describe the world.


4. As used in the passage, the phrase “world capitalist system” most likely refers to

A. an effort by capitalist countries to attempt to dominate world markets
B. a fully integrated global economy
C. a homogeneity among the economies of the countries of the world
D. a system that fails to take into account developing or transitional economies
E. a Marxist critique of the global class struggle



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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 23 Jun 2018, 09:35.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 13 Jul 2018, 08:03, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2018, 07:03
Can someone help me with Que 1 and Que 3?
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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2018, 07:09
prags1989 wrote:
Can someone help me with Que 1 and Que 3?


Hi prags1989

Here is the Explanation

Question# 1

Answer: C

Explanation

This is an inference question. The answer is in the first paragraph, where the author discusses Marx. The author says “it has been said that no thinker has ever had his words more badly misrepresented, by supporters and detractors alike, than Karl Marx.” This supports choice C. Choice A is a trap that goes too far. There is a difference between saying someone is “one of the most influential” and “the most influential.” Choice B is not a valid inference. Nothing in the passage suggests Marx spent “too much” time on economics, just that he was “especially concerned” with it. Choice D is incorrect because the passage states that “Marx’s followers” launched an assault, not Marx. Choice E uses some of the right words, but gets the meaning wrong. Marx’s views have been less than successful in describing global relations, not economics.

Question# 3

Answer: A

Explanation

This is an inference question. Use the answer choices to guide your reading. The passage mentions the “simplifications” of the Marxist view and says “Ultimately, a Marxist view of global interactions sacrifices a great many crucial concepts at the altar of one overarching economic perspective.” This supports choice A. Choices B and E both go too far; the author may not agree with the Marxist view but never says it should be abandoned. And while the passage calls nationalism, security, and the state “key concepts,” the passage doesn’t say they “must” be included. There is no support for choice C because the author doesn’t discuss what will happen in the future. Choice D uses a lot of words from the passage but the meaning is incorrect.

Hope it Helps
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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2018, 21:54
Sajjad your RC postings are always tough and i don't think that they qualify in 600-700 category.I always try to avoid attempting your passages as i am not very good in RC, though trying to improve.Any suggestions to improve in RC?
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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2018, 22:06
prashant6923 wrote:
Sajjad your RC postings are always tough and i don't think that they qualify in 600-700 category.I always try to avoid attempting your passages as i am not very good in RC, though trying to improve.Any suggestions to improve in RC?


Hi prashant6923

As your iD Suggests you are indian (Maybe i am wrong) and a non native speaker of English. My first and foremost Advice is "Read English and Understand it"
Read english newspapers, watch english movies, practice good quality passages and learn strategies first from 1. Aristotle RC Grail, 2. Manhattan RC Guide.
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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 17:02
hi SajjadAhmad

When I tried this question, my decision was between A and D. Can you please explain why #3, choice D has an incorrect meaning? In the first paragraph, the author mentions global power relations; in the second, balance of power on a global level; in the third, world capitalist system. It seemed like these are all in line to D's wording, "a globlal setting".

Also, can you please explain why #4 is not D?

Thank you!
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In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Jul 2018, 11:58
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gotcha9350 wrote:
hi SajjadAhmad

When I tried this question, my decision was between A and D. Can you please explain why #3, choice D has an incorrect meaning? In the first paragraph, the author mentions global power relations; in the second, balance of power on a global level; in the third, world capitalist system. It seemed like these are all in line to D's wording, "a globlal setting".

Also, can you please explain why #4 is not D?

Thank you!


gotcha9350

Question# 4

Answer: C

Explanation

This is a supporting idea question. The phrase is used in the final paragraph.The author says the world capitalist system “has less and less relevance when applied to the variety of economies at work in the world.” So the phrase must apply to a system that does not have a lot of variety. Choice C matches this description. Choices A and B are not supported by the passage. The Marxist scholars have failed to account for transitional economies, not the system itself, so choice D is a clever trap answer. Choice E quotes the wrong part of the passage and is not supported by the passage.

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 12 Jul 2018, 23:35.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 13 Jul 2018, 11:58, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 00:14
What is the answer of Q-2??

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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 02:00
2
In Question 3,
(A)Global power relations are too complex to be effectively explained in terms of a single variable.
Author agrees with this as inferred from the following excerpt:
Quote:
...On a theoretical level, it may be useful to strip away these concepts to more closely examine certain other dynamics at work, but the Marxist view often fails to describe what actually happens in the real world....
Correct

(B)The Marxist view of global relations should be abandoned because of its failures to accurately describe the world.
Since it is not explicitly mentioned in the passage.
Incorrect

(C)The economies of China, Russia, and Korea will eventually transition to fully fledged capitalism.
Not mentioned in the passage, hence we can't be sure about this.
Incorrect

(D) Marx’s followers have misrepresented his work in an effort to apply his economic ideas to a global setting.[/b]
This implies all followers misrepresented his work, which is not mentioned in the passage which only limits the information to
Quote:
...it has been said that no thinker has ever had his words more badly misrepresented, by supporters and detractors alike, than Karl Marx....
Incorrect

(E)Any view of global relationships must include concepts of nationalism, security, and the state in order to accurately describe the world.
The phrase, "must include" makes it a necessity for every global relationship to have the mentioned characteristics to accurately describe the world. But we are only limited to the following information regarding this:
Quote:
...Thus, when analyzing the balance of power on a global level, key concepts such as nationalism, security, and the state are virtually ignored by Marxist scholars...
Incorrect

In Question 4

(C) a homogeneity among the economies of the countries of the world
This is clearly inferred from the following:
Quote:
...Marxist political scientists typically refer to the “world capitalist system” when analyzing interactions among nations, but this definition has less and less relevance when applied to the variety of economies at work in the world...

Correct


(D) a system that fails to take into account developing or transitional economies
Nowhere in the passage is this explicitly mentioned, hence incorrect.
Incorrect

I hope this helps! :)


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gotcha9350 wrote:
hi SajjadAhmad

When I tried this question, my decision was between A and D. Can you please explain why #3, choice D has an incorrect meaning? In the first paragraph, the author mentions global power relations; in the second, balance of power on a global level; in the third, world capitalist system. It seemed like these are all in line to D's wording, "a globlal setting".

Also, can you please explain why #4 is not D?

Thank you!

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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 02:19
The answer for Question 2 is Option D

A. refute an argument about the viability of Communism as an economic system It doesn't refute anything about Communism as an economic system.
B. highlight an example of a country in which Communism has failed to take hold. [passage says, "...even after generations of one-party Communist rule...."]. I'd say it is inconsistent with the information in the passage.
C. demonstrate how theoretical descriptions of nationalism conform to real world examples Inconsistent with the information in the passage. The theoretical descriptions don't conform to real world examples is what the author wanted to imply.
D. provide an illustration of a deficiency in the viewpoint held by certain scholars Certain scholars is not all scholars, maybe a few, maybe even one. Which follows correctly from the passage.
E. prove that Marxist scholars have been unable to accurately describe the real world
It doesn't intend to prove anything of the sort as it is not mentioned in the passage.

I hope this helps!



yashwanthnallam wrote:
What is the answer of Q-2??

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Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 11:50
SajjadAhmad thank you for the response to #4. However, it seems like the transitional and developing economies is referred to by the passage
Quote:
when analyzing interactions among nations, but this definition has less and less relevance when applied to the variety of economies at work in the world. Where do countries with transitional or developing economies such as China, Russia, and North Korea fit into this schema?
. It seems like this is a rhetorical question, in which "schema" refers to the "world capitalist system".
Re: In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jul 2018, 11:50
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