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In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight

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In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Oct 2018, 21:38
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In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight to minimize fuel costs. The safest airline seats were heavy, and airlines equipped their planes with few of these seats. This year the seat that has sold best to airlines has been the safest one - a clear indication that airlines are assigning a higher priority to safe seating than to minimizing fuel costs.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Last year's best-selling airline seat was not the safest airline seat on the market.

(B) No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year.

(C) The price of fuel was higher this year than it had been in most of the years when the safest airline seats sold poorly.

(D) Because of increases in the cost of materials, all airline seats were more expensive to manufacture this year than in any previous year.

(E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market.

Originally posted by joemama142000 on 15 Nov 2005, 01:38.
Last edited by bb on 09 Oct 2018, 21:38, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Nov 2005, 08:52
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joemama142000 wrote:
In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight to minimize fuel costs. The safest airline seats were heavy, and airlines equipped their planes with few of these seats. This year the seat that has sold best to airlines has been the safest one—a clear indication that airlines are assigning a higher priority to safe seating than to minimizing fuel costs.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?
(E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market.


weight is the key here ...E pointed out that weights of safe seats were reduced ---> even they buy more heavy seats, the total weigt of seats may be less ----> lower fuel costs.
E it is.

Originally posted by laxieqv on 15 Nov 2005, 04:14.
Last edited by laxieqv on 15 Nov 2005, 08:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2008, 06:48
The core point we've to be warned if airlines are interested with minizing fuel cost or not nowadays.

The choice E says that safety seats will induce minimizing costs because they weighten less than the other seats which in turn will lead airlines to minimize fuel costs.
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Oct 2013, 12:59
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I have chosen E for this question:

The conclusion is: [highlight]This year the best selling seats to airlines have been the safest one, indicating that airlines are more concerned about safety than fuel costs.[/highlight]

The question stem looks for an answer choice that will weaken the argument.

A. This answer choice would support the argument.

B. This is a tricky answer. The problem is that although no airline company has announced a higher priority for safe seating, this does not mean that airlines are not doing so. They could be choosing not to announce this and internally making a decision to re-prioritize.

C. This would support the argument. The reason is because if the price of fuel is higher this year, that means costs will be higher. Since airlines are still buying these safe seats that are heavy, it would suggest that the airlines care more about safety than fuel costs.

D. This is irrelevant. We are not concerned with the increase in the cost of materials.

E. This is the correct answer. The reason is because since the safest seats are also the lightest, there is no CLEAR INDICATION that airlines are buying these seats because of safety. Airlines could be buying these seats because of the reduction in fuel costs.

Originally posted by whamberto on 23 Mar 2012, 15:08.
Last edited by Narenn on 05 Oct 2013, 12:59, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2016, 13:16
Conclusion: Airlines are assigning higher priority to safe seats than to minimizing fuel costs
Premise: Safest seats are the ones best sold to the airlines this year.

Assumption: Safest seats do not minimize fuel costs. i.e. safest seats are not lightweight. Undermine this assumption.

Alternatively, negate the conclusion and select answer choice that supports the negated conclusion along with the premises.
Negated conclusion: Airlines are not assigning higher priority to safe seats than to minimizing fuel costs
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2016, 13:29
joemama142000 wrote:

In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight to minimize fuel costs. The safest airline seats were heavy, and airlines equipped their planes with few of these seats. This year the seat that has sold best to airlines has been the safest one - a clear indication that airlines are assigning a higher priority to safe seating than to minimizing fuel costs.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Last year's best-selling airline seat was not the safest airline seat on the market.
(B) No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year.
(C) The price of fuel was higher this year than it had been in most of the years when the safest airline seats sold poorly.
(D) Because of increases in the cost of materials, all airline seats were more expensive to manufacture this year than in any previous year.
(E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market.

Type - weaken
Boil it down - In past the safest airline seats were heavy. This year the seat that has sold best to airlines has been the safest one - a clear indication that airlines are prioritizing safety over costs .
Pre-thinking - what if the safest seats are the lightest ones now .

(E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market - Correct answer
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2017, 16:16
In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight to minimize fuel costs. The safest airline seats were heavy, and airlines equipped their planes with few of these seats. This year the seat that has sold best to airlines has been the safest one - a clear indication that airlines are assigning a higher priority to safe seating than to minimizing fuel costs.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Last year's best-selling airline seat was not the safest airline seat on the market.
Out of scope of the argument because best selling seat are not discussed directly but it means that the airlines did not prefer the safests seats.

(B) No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year.
The airlines do not neccesarily make announcments to make changes in planes.

(C) The price of fuel was higher this year than it had been in most of the years when the safest airline seats sold poorly.
Does not weakne but partially strenghten by aking a point about the fuel price.

(D) Because of increases in the cost of materials, all airline seats were more expensive to manufacture this year than in any previous year.
(E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market.
The premise says that the safe seats are heavy, and the heavy seats makes the plane burn more fuel,the airline wants to save money by saving fuel.
Conclusin says that the seats were removed because they were the heaviest.but still the airlines use them to prioritize saftey
This choice says that the new safest seats were also the lightest,that proves that the airlines are just saving fuel not prioritizing the saftey.

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Weakener CR:The link between the premise and the conclusion has to be attacked more than anything,and the choice that does so pick that more than anything.
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 03:15
Correct choice is 'E' - This statement states the currently safest seat would also be heavier than the less safe seats.
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 06:37
joemama142000 wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 47
Page: 135
Difficulty:


In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight to minimize fuel costs. The safest airline seats were heavy, and airlines equipped their planes with few of these seats. This year the seat that has sold best to airlines has been the safest one - a clear indication that airlines are assigning a higher priority to safe seating than to minimizing fuel costs.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Last year's best-selling airline seat was not the safest airline seat on the market.
(B) No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year.
(C) The price of fuel was higher this year than it had been in most of the years when the safest airline seats sold poorly.
(D) Because of increases in the cost of materials, all airline seats were more expensive to manufacture this year than in any previous year.
(E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market.


(A) Last year's best-selling airline seat was not the safest airline seat on the market. We are not concerned about last year.
(B) No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year. We are not concerned about the announcement
(C) The price of fuel was higher this year than it had been in most of the years when the safest airline seats sold poorly. We are not concerned about the fuel prices.
(D) Because of increases in the cost of materials, all airline seats were more expensive to manufacture this year than in any previous year. Since the cost is already high, the airlines had to incur higher expense. Does not explain why the airlines are giving more importance to safety or less.
(E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market. Weakener. Since the safest seats weighed less, the airlines bought them and not to enhance the safety.
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2018, 06:28
Hi experts,
mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja,

I did picked up answer choice E, but I am not sure why answer choice B is incorrect
B No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year.

B seems to weaken the conclusion directly. just because of weakening directly, B is incorrect?

thanks a lot
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2018, 22:37
zoezhuyan wrote:
Hi experts,
mikemcgarry, sayantanc2k, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja,

I did picked up answer choice E, but I am not sure why answer choice B is incorrect
B No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year.

B seems to weaken the conclusion directly. just because of weakening directly, B is incorrect?

thanks a lot
have a nice day

The conclusion is "that airlines are assigning a higher priority to safe seating than to minimizing fuel cost." Just because they are making safe seating a higher priority does NOT necessarily mean that they are going to ANNOUNCE their plans. The airline companies could easily upgrade the seats without making announcements.

So even if choice (B) were true, it would not necessarily imply that the airlines are not making safe seating a higher priority.
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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2019, 16:38
Hi everyone! I think this is a good question where the answer choices can easily confuse the test taker. Although the difficulty level is not indicated as being exceedingly difficult, I can see how this could be tricky so I wanted to contribute my perspective.

Quote:
In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight to minimize fuel costs. The safest airline seats were heavy, and airlines equipped their planes with few of these seats. This year the seat that has sold best to airlines has been the safest one - a clear indication that airlines are assigning a higher priority to safe seating than to minimizing fuel costs.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Last year's best-selling airline seat was not the safest airline seat on the market.
(B) No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year.
(C) The price of fuel was higher this year than it had been in most of the years when the safest airline seats sold poorly.
(D) Because of increases in the cost of materials, all airline seats were more expensive to manufacture this year than in any previous year.
(E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market

1. Read and compartmentalize - Whenever there's a 'string' effect of relationships, I make sure I paraphrase the connections. Minimize weight = minimize fuel costs; Safest Seats = Heaviest Seats; **Minimize fuel costs = minimize weight = minimize safest seats** Got it, and now just locking in the premise-conclusion relationship here - Because airlines have bought the highest quantity of safest seats this year - therefore airlines have prioritized safety over cost.

2. Pre-think when possible - always! - The initial thoughts that come to mind are maybe price fluctuations for the seats and fuel, the two variables mentioned in the argument. I'm going to move straight into the answer choices now as I can't think of much else.

3. Find 4 wrong answers
    (A) Last year's best-selling airline seat was not the safest airline seat on the market. - That's cool, but what happened last year versus this year does not give me the appropriate information to determine what the motivation behind change was. All I know is that there was a change. The reason for those changes does not have to be price and so given that this statement is true, I cannot weaken nor strengthen the conclusion made.

    (B) No airline company has announced that it would be making safe seating a higher priority this year. - If no airline company has announced their strategic plans for the year we cannot make any assumptions about why they made the decisions they made. As a result, we cannot weaken or strengthen the argument.

    (C) The price of fuel was higher this year than it had been in most of the years when the safest airline seats sold poorly. - 'most' year indicates 'not all', and so
    even if this statement is true, it does not effectively weaken the argument. If anything, it kind of strengthens it.


    (D) Because of increases in the cost of materials, all airline seats were more expensive to manufacture this year than in any previous year. - If everything from the heaviest to the lightest (i.e. safest to most unsafe) seats all increased in price across the board, then the increase in cost

    (E) Because of technological innovations, the safest airline seat on the market this year weighed less than most other airline seats on the market - Bingo! If the formerly heaviest seat is now lighter than most other products out there, this kills the argument. The weren't prioritizing safety, the reason for the change was just a result of price changes.

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Re: In the past most airline companies minimized aircraft weight   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2019, 16:38
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