GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 19 Oct 2019, 12:47

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Retired Moderator
Joined: 17 Jun 2016
Posts: 499
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V39
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.65
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2017, 11:58
2
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

89% (01:24) correct 11% (02:06) wrong based on 186 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling product, cornflakes, have dropped by 30 percent over the last 3 years. During this same time the value of a share of Grainco stock rose by over 20 percent. This is puzzling because the value of a stock usually decreases when a company’s sales decrease.

Which of the following, if true during the last 3 years, most helps to explain why the value of a share of Grainco stock moved in the way that it did?

(A) Severe drought in the Midwest destroyed a large percentage of the corn crop, forcing Grainco to buy less corn.

(B) Grainco closed a food processing plant in a locality that offered cheap labor and low taxes.

(C) Profits from sales of Grainco oatmeal, which account for a large part of Grainco’s total sales and profits, increased dramatically in both the foreign and domestic markets.

(D) Grainco employees formed a union that helped them get higher salaries and increased medical benefits.

(E) Several articles in prominent business publications listed Grainco as a company that has poor management.

_________________
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2016
Posts: 358
Location: Singapore
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Re: In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2017, 12:11
mihir0710 wrote:
In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling product, cornflakes, have dropped by 30 percent over the last 3 years. During this same time the value of a share of Grainco stock rose by over 20 percent. This is puzzling because the value of a stock usually decreases when a company’s sales decrease.
Which of the following, if true during the last 3 years, most helps to explain why the value of a share of Grainco stock moved in the way that it did?

(A) Severe drought in the Midwest destroyed a large percentage of the corn crop, forcing Grainco to buy less corn.
(B) Grainco closed a food processing plant in a locality that offered cheap labor and low taxes.
(C) Profits from sales of Grainco oatmeal, which account for a large part of Grainco’s total sales and profits, increased dramatically in both the foreign and domestic markets.
(D) Grainco employees formed a union that helped them get higher salaries and increased medical benefits.
(E) Several articles in prominent business publications listed Grainco as a company that has poor management.

Sales down, but Stock Prices are up!
This will happen only if sales are down for a product that don't contribute a large percentage to the companies revenues + another product has had tremendous growth keeping the markets happy.

A - Doesn't help the paradox i.e. drop in sales but an increase in stock price.
B - This would have an adverse effect on production, which might explain some part of the sales drop, but it still doesn't explain why the stocks went up.
C - Oatmeals increased dramatically. This is it. Keep!
D - Irrelevant. OUT.
E - Irrelevant, and if anything, this would adversely affect the company's image in the market. OUT.

_________________
Put in the work, and that dream score is yours!
Intern
Joined: 30 Mar 2016
Posts: 37
Re: In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2017, 15:45
mihir0710 wrote:
In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling product, cornflakes, have dropped by 30 percent over the last 3 years. During this same time the value of a share of Grainco stock rose by over 20 percent. This is puzzling because the value of a stock usually decreases when a company’s sales decrease.
Which of the following, if true during the last 3 years, most helps to explain why the value of a share of Grainco stock moved in the way that it did?

(A) Severe drought in the Midwest destroyed a large percentage of the corn crop, forcing Grainco to buy less corn.
(B) Grainco closed a food processing plant in a locality that offered cheap labor and low taxes.
(C) Profits from sales of Grainco oatmeal, which account for a large part of Grainco’s total sales and profits, increased dramatically in both the foreign and domestic markets.
(D) Grainco employees formed a union that helped them get higher salaries and increased medical benefits.
(E) Several articles in prominent business publications listed Grainco as a company that has poor management.

Boil the passage down:

+Profits from sales of biggest product have gone down. Bad news

+ But, this time stock price went up by over 20%.

Explain --> Need something else OUT SIDE THE SCOPE OF THE PASSAGE. Because we can NOT explain the discrepancy with information already given in the passage.

A. DOES NOT HELP EXPLAIN

Buying less --> Probably selling less --> Possibly less profits <-- already given in the passage.

B. IMPOSSIBLE TO EXPLAIN

Bad news again --> stock price would go down. If B were true, it would make more discrepancy.

C. NEW INFORMATION OUT SIDE THE SCOPE OF THE PASSAGE THAT HELPS EXPLAIN.

Oatmeal:

+ accounts for a large part of total sales and profits.

+ had increase in profits from sales.

--> Good news --> stock market behaved accordingly --> stock price went up regardless of bad news from profits from sales of cornflakes.

D. IMPOSSIBLE TO EXPLAIN

Bad news again --> Like B

E. IMPOSSIBLE TO EXPLAIN

Bad news again --> Like B

IMO C is correct.
Manager
Joined: 10 Mar 2016
Posts: 150
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GMAT 1: 550 Q44 V23
WE: Corporate Finance (Commercial Banking)
Re: In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2017, 19:07
Profits from sales of Grainco oatmeal, which account for a large part of Grainco’s total sales and profits, increased dramatically in both the foreign and domestic markets.

It says that the value of a share of Grainco stock rose by over 20 percent because of the sales of the oatmeal.
_________________
Please Hit Kudos if you like my post useful.
Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2401
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Aug 2017, 12:57
1
In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling product, cornflakes, have dropped by 30 percent over the last 3 years. During this same time the value of a share of Grainco stock rose by over 20 percent. This is puzzling because the value of a stock usually decreases when a company’s sales decrease.

Type - explain
Boil it down - Maybe GrainCo's profit from other products increase significantly . Maybe the overall sales of the cornflakes might have increased but the profit margin decreased

(A) Severe drought in the Midwest destroyed a large percentage of the corn crop, forcing Grainco to buy less corn. - Irrelevant
(B) Grainco closed a food processing plant in a locality that offered cheap labor and low taxes. - Incorrect - This only explains why profit might have dropped
(C) Profits from sales of Grainco oatmeal, which account for a large part of Grainco’s total sales and profits, increased dramatically in both the foreign and domestic markets. - Correct
(D) Grainco employees formed a union that helped them get higher salaries and increased medical benefits. - Irrelevant - employee benefits does not explain correlation between profits and stock market price fluctuations
(E) Several articles in prominent business publications listed Grainco as a company that has poor management. - Irrelevant

_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2018
Posts: 216
Location: United States (ID)
GPA: 3.33
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jan 2018, 15:22
mihir0710 wrote:
In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling product, cornflakes, have dropped by 30 percent over the last 3 years. During this same time the value of a share of Grainco stock rose by over 20 percent. This is puzzling because the value of a stock usually decreases when a company’s sales decrease.

Which of the following, if true during the last 3 years, most helps to explain why the value of a share of Grainco stock moved in the way that it did?

(A) Severe drought in the Midwest destroyed a large percentage of the corn crop, forcing Grainco to buy less corn.

(B) Grainco closed a food processing plant in a locality that offered cheap labor and low taxes.

(C) Profits from sales of Grainco oatmeal, which account for a large part of Grainco’s total sales and profits, increased dramatically in both the foreign and domestic markets.

(D) Grainco employees formed a union that helped them get higher salaries and increased medical benefits.

(E) Several articles in prominent business publications listed Grainco as a company that has poor management.

Hi, first, I can understand how C is the answer. The question is all about the basic knowledge in finance: value vs stock price.
Nevertheless, if the question is from Magoosh, the question should not be posted on GMAC paper test category.
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2013
Posts: 307
Location: India
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
GPA: 4
Re: In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Sep 2019, 07:53

I see serious problems with this question.

1) the profits of its biggest selling product has gone down.
2) Share price went up(it goes down when sales go down).

Since share price went up, we can say sales went up(or atleast didnt go down). B offers a compelling reason as to why, eve though shares were same, profits went down. Cost went up.

How to decide between B & C?

I am not saying that C isnt right. Its transparent and supports the argument, but B is compelling too.
Re: In the United States profits from sales of Grainco’s biggest selling p   [#permalink] 21 Sep 2019, 07:53
Display posts from previous: Sort by