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Manager  Joined: 30 May 2010
Posts: 175
In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   25% (medium)

Question Stats: 69% (00:35) correct 31% (01:05) wrong based on 142 sessions

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In the xy-plane, point (r,s) lies on a circle with center at the origin. What is the value of $$r^2+s^2$$?

(1) The circle has radius 2.

(2) The point $$(sqrt{2}, -sqrt{2})$$ lies on the circle.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: in-the-xy-plane-point-r-s-lies-on-a-circle-with-center-a-165616.html

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GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V31 GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35 Re: In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center  [#permalink]

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1
Equation of the circle is $$x^2+ y^2 = a^2$$ where a = radius

since r,s lies on the circle the equation becomes r^2+s^2 = a^2

statement 1: radius = $$a= 2 => r^2+s^2 = 2^2 = 4$$ , thus sufficient.
statement 2: we have given one point on the circle and we have the center at the origin.
Thus we can find out the distance between these 2 points which will be 2. This distance is basically the radius. Since we have the radius, the statement is sufficient.

Hence D
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Manager  Joined: 30 May 2010
Posts: 175
Re: In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center  [#permalink]

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I had forgotten the equation for the circle. Thanks!
Senior Manager  Joined: 25 Feb 2010
Posts: 324
Re: In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center  [#permalink]

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can some one please explain how B is correct ?
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Manager  Joined: 30 May 2010
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Re: In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center  [#permalink]

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Draw a right triangle from the origin to that point. Now solve for the hypotenuse, and you get 2. This is the radius of the circle.
Manager  Joined: 06 Apr 2010
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Re: In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center  [#permalink]

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In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center at the origin. What is the value of r^2 + s^2?

(1) The circle has radius 2.
(2) The point ($$\sqrt{2}$$, $$-\sqrt{2}$$) lies on the circle.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55277
Re: In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center  [#permalink]

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2
udaymathapati wrote:
In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center at the origin. What is the value of
$$r^2 + s^2$$?
(1) The circle has radius 2.
(2) The point (\sqrt{$$2$$}, -\sqrt{$$2$$}) lies on the circle.

THEORY:
In an x-y Cartesian coordinate system, the circle with center (a, b) and radius r is the set of all points (x, y) such that:
$$(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2=r^2$$ This equation of the circle follows from the Pythagorean theorem applied to any point on the circle: as shown in the diagram above, the radius is the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle whose other sides are of length x-a and y-b.

If the circle is centered at the origin (0, 0), then the equation simplifies to:
$$x^2+y^2=r^2$$

BACK TO THE ORIGINAL QUESTION:
In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center at the origin. What is the value of $$r^2 + s^2$$?

Now, as $$x^2+y^2=r^2$$ then the question asks about the value of radius^2.

(1) The circle has radius 2 --> radius^2=4. Sufficient.

(2) The point $$(\sqrt{2}, \ -\sqrt{2})$$ lies on the circle --> substitute x and y coordinates of a point in $$x^2+y^2=r^2$$ --> $$2+2=4=r^2$$. Sufficient.

Answer: D.
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Re: In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center  [#permalink]

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jpr200012 wrote:
In the xy-plane, point (r,s) lies on a circle with center at the origin. What is the value of $$r^2+s^2$$?

(1) The circle has radius 2.

(2) The point $$(sqrt{2}, -sqrt{2})$$ lies on the circle.

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: in-the-xy-plane-point-r-s-lies-on-a-circle-with-center-a-165616.html

--== Message from the GMAT Club Team ==--

THERE IS LIKELY A BETTER DISCUSSION OF THIS EXACT QUESTION.
This discussion does not meet community quality standards. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

To review the GMAT Club's Forums Posting Guidelines, please follow these links: Quantitative | Verbal Please note - we may remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines. Thank you.

_________________ Re: In the xy-plane, point (r, s) lies on a circle with center   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2017, 05:43
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